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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 44: post-bellum Pendant. (search)
Chapter 44: post-bellum Pendant. Old friends and their kindness General Grant his characteristic letter of introduction to President Johnson in business in New Orleans political unfriendliness cause of criticism of military career appointed surveyor of customs the old nurse. Some weeks after the surrender the His strong and characteristic letter to the President was as follows: Headquarters Armies of the United States, Washington, D. C., November 7, 1865. His Excellency A. Johnson, President: Knowing that General Longstreet, late of the army which was in rebellion against the authority of the United States, is in the city, and pretics, a brief review of the circumstances is in order. As will be readily recalled by my older readers (while for the younger it is a matter of history), President Johnson, after the war, adopted a reconstruction policy of his own, and some of the States were reorganized under it with Democratic governors and legislatures, and
hers a visit made me in 1866 by a distinguished friend of the President, Mr. Thomas A. Hendricks. The purpose of his coming was to convey to me assurances of the very high esteem in which I was held by the President, and to explain personally Mr. Johnson's plan of reconstruction, its flawless constitutionality, and so on. But being on the ground, I had before me the exhibition of its practical working, saw the oppression and excesses growing out of it, and in the face of these experiences evenministering the affairs of those States, I never acted except by authority, and always from conscientious motives. I tried to guard the rights of everybody in accordance with the law. In this I was supported by General Grant and opposed by President Johnson. The former had at heart, above every other consideration, the good of his country, and always sustained me with approval and kind suggestions. The course pursued by the President was exactly the opposite, and seems to prove that in the w
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 64: capture of President Davis, as written by himself. (search)
een averted from my husband by any disguise, I should gladly have tried to persuade him to assume it; and who shall say the stratagem would not have been legitimate? I would have availed myself of a Scotch cap and cloak, or any other expedient to avert from him the awful consequences of his capture. When we had travelled back a day's drive, as we were about to get in the wagons, a man galloped into camp waving over his head a printed slip of paper. One of our servants told us it was Mr. Johnson's proclamation of a reward for Mr. Davis's capture as the accessory to Mr. Lincoln's assassination. I was much shocked, but Mr. Davis was quite unconcerned, and said, The miserable scoundrel who issued that proclamation knew better than these men that it was false. Of course, such an accusation must fail at once; it may, however, render these people willing to assassinate me here. There was a perceptible change in the manner of the soldiers from this time, and the jibes and insults he
lar reasons, General Pope was removed, and General Meade assigned as his successor. In making these changes, except so far as his petty ill will was gratified, Mr. Johnson must have been disappointed. For all the new commanders, except Hancock, honestly and faithfully administered the reconstruction laws in accordance with their e. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, U. S. Grant, General. his Excellency A. Johnson, President of the United States. Mr. Johnson replied, repeating what he had before published through newspapers hostile to Grant and Congress, and adding that four members of the cabinet concurred in the g But it is significant, that of these indorsers of presidential veracity, those who are of the least political consequence, and the most obsequious followers of Mr. Johnson, give the briefest and most emphatic certificates of his correctness; while those who chose to exercise their own memory, though they do not contradict the Pres
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 6. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2.12 (search)
nes, Aid-de-Camp, especially to Brigadier-General Stovall to halt his brigade and put it in position, I soon after ordered the battery and regiment supporting it to withdraw, and rode off to take command of the division. Too much praise cannot be awarded the officers and men of this battery for the coolness and deliberation with which they managed their guns under these trying circumstances. Upon coming up with the division, being unable to find Brigadier-General Stovall, I ordered Colonel A. Johnson, the senior colonel, to take the command and halt it in a position which I indicated. In a few moments the whole division and Pettus' brigade were in line. This occurred in about one mile of the breastworks. Night soon coming on, Holtzclaw's brigade was placed across the road with skirmishers in front, and the balance of the command moved off towards Franklin. About 2 o'clock at night it was halted seven miles from Franklin, and bivouacked until 5 o'clock. Daylight on the mornin
Taken prisoner. Cornelius Slattery, Died since muster out. Otis S. Neale, Received a warrant, later. Jno. Copeland, Discharged for disability. Jno. Carroll, Discharged for disability. Wm. Hanscom, Calvin Currier, Killed or died in hospital. Geo. Howe, Discharged for disability. Harry Marsh, Discharged for disability. Henry Carpenter, Died since muster out. Stephen Tucker, Discharged for disability. Died since muster out. Chas. Poore, Died since muster out.. A. Johnson, Wm. F. Ward, Henry R. Jenkins, Martin Barry, Discharged for disability. Jno. Kelly, Chas. G. Milliken, Killed or died in hospital. Benj. Brooks, Robt. G. Small, Robt. Macdonald, Taken prisoner. Died since muster out. Robt. Reade, Jas. S. Gordon, Edwin W. Pratt. Third section—centre. Lieut. Jacob Federhen, Commanding. Wounded. (Senior 1st Lieut., Dec., 1862). Fifth Detachment.—Sergt. Matthew Adams; Gunner, Reuben P. Charters; Chief of Caisson, Asa Smith. Comm<
U. S. Grant, General. There were several interviews within the next few days at which the subordinate strove to change the determination of his superior, but Johnson remained immovable. Grant had at once made known the President's purpose to Stanton and Sheridan, as well as to others in his confidence. These last were few, f He could take up Stanton's course when Stanton was no longer in the Cabinet, and thus mitigate some of the evils of his removal. The protests of Grant delayed Johnson's action just five days. Then, on the 5th of August, in a formal letter, the President requested Stanton's resignation. The same day Stanton answered, also in writing, that public considerations of a high character constrained him from resigning before the next meeting of Congress. Again Johnson hesitated for a week; but on the 12th of August he issued an order in strict accordance with the provisions of the Tenure of Office act, suspending Stanton and appointing Grant Secretary of War
at New Orleans. Here he was found when the President's policy was rejected by the people; and when the measures which Johnson opposed became law, Sheridan, like Grant, set himself to obeying the law. Johnson, of course, was provoked, but Grant prJohnson, of course, was provoked, but Grant promptly indorsed his subordinate. In July, 1866, a violent riot occurred at New Orleans in which forty Union men were killed and one hundred and fifty wounded by Southerners. Sheridan's course at the time was the subject of a warm contention betweected one of his staff to write to Sheridan as follows: General Grant wishes me to write to you to tell you that President Johnson has made up his mind to remove you and also the Secretary of War. He sent for General Grant yesterday and told himid all proper for him to say against such a course, and when he came back he put his views in writing and sent them to Mr. Johnson. I send you a copy of his letter. The General wishes me to say to you to go on your course exactly as if this commun
hile politicians openly proclaimed that it indicated sympathy with Johnson's policy. Grant remained silent under the unmerited reproach and granted. The struggle with the President, however, continued. Johnson lost no opportunity to attempt to control events and maintain his ngress enabled the President to nominate a permanent successor. Johnson, with his usual policy, paid no attention to these requests, and cwrote out an account of them, especially of Grant's relations with Johnson, which he read and sanctioned, and which he knew was to be given tproduced the impression upon the country which Grant believed that Johnson desired. It gave the appearance of political support of the Presinton would have refused. In December Congress re-assembled, and Johnson was obliged by the Tenure of Office Act to report to the Senate wi to the penalties of fine and imprisonment if he violated the law. Johnson offered to pay the fine and submit to the imprisonment; but of cou
Chapter 51: Miscellaneous correspondence. No. One. General Grant to President Johnson. this letter of course was written during the period of Johnson's dispute with Congress. As the subsequent correspondence shows, it was withdrawn, but it is evidence of Grant's strong feeling on the subject of the removal of SheridanJohnson's dispute with Congress. As the subsequent correspondence shows, it was withdrawn, but it is evidence of Grant's strong feeling on the subject of the removal of Sheridan. headquarters armies of the United States. Washington, Aug. 26, 1867. To His Excellency, A. Johnson, President of the United States; Sir,—I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the following letter, to wit: Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C., Aug. 26, 1867. Sir,—In consequence of the unfavorable condition y to request permission to withdraw my letter of the 26th inst. Very Respectfully, Your Obt. Servt, U. S. Grant, Sec'y of War, Ad Int. No. Three. President Johnson to General Grant. Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C., Aug. 28, 1867. Sir,—I have received your communication of this date, and in compliance wit<
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