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as he was in company, they left word at the door, that, if they could not have a private interview, they would cut his throat before another night. Messrs. Burlingame and Sherman remained as a guard until the next morning. The friends of Mr. Sumner were much alarmed; and among others G. B. Weston thus wrote to him from Duxbury, Mass., I am ready to shoulder my musket, and march to the Capitol, and there sacrifice my life in defence of free speech and the right. By the foresight of A. B. Johnson, Mr. Sumner's private secretary, a body-guard armed with revolvers was arranged, which attended him, without his knowledge, to and from the Senate-chamber. Prompt to sustain him in his heroic defence of truth, the legislature of Massachusetts passed on the 20th of June these resolutions-- Resolved, That the thanks of the people of this Commonwealth are due, and are hereby tendered, to the Hon. Charles Sumner for his recent manly and earnest assertion of the right of free discussion
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 19. the siege of Suffolk, Virginia. (search)
Colonel Murphy commanded brigade; Colonel Drake, Fort Union; Colonel Hawkins, Fort Nansemond; Captain Sullivan, Fort Halleck; Colonel Davis, the Draw-bridge Battery; Colonel Worth, Battery Mansfield; Colonel Thorpe, the Redan, and Rosecrans; Captain Johnson, Battery Mowdey; Colonel England, Battery Montgomery; Colonel Pease, Battery Stevens; Colonel McEvilly, Fort Dix, with ability, and their troops were always ready for the enemy. Major Stratton, Eleventh Pennsylvania cavalry, was at South of my horse. Their claims to promotion were established long before the siege of Suffolk: Major Benjamin B. Foster, A. A. G.; Captain George S. Dodge, Quartermaster; Lieutenants Charles R. Stirling and James D. Outwater, Aides-de-Camp; Lieutenant A. B. Johnson, Ordnance Officer, and Lieutenant J. D. Mahon, Judge Advocate. Doubtless many names have been omitted, but discrimination is impossible where all have done so well. For the conclusion is reserved the agreeable duty of testifying to
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 30: addresses before colleges and lyceums.—active interest in reforms.—friendships.—personal life.—1845-1850. (search)
vents, might now seem commonplace and without purpose, the display of an unreal sentiment. But for that period, with its great causes, there was no voice so potent as Sumner's in inspiring and guiding the hopes and aims of American youth. The hold which he then acquired on young men was far beyond that of any orator of the time; it opened the way to his political career, and it remained through life one of the chief sources of his strength. Wendell Phillips, in This sketch of Sumner in Johnson's Encyclopedia, states his remarkable fascinating with young men. Although Sumner had thus far appeared almost wholly before audiences in New England, he had become well known by his printed addresses in the Middle and Western States, among antislavery people, and also among the Friends and others who were partisans of the Peace movement. G. W. Julian's Political Recollections, pp. 100, 102. Sumner published an article, in March, 1848, upon Henry Wheaton, Boston Advertiser, M
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 36: first session in Congress.—welcome to Kossuth.—public lands in the West.—the Fugitive Slave Law.—1851-1852. (search)
h. Other men might escape from the Senate or pass behind the Vice-President's chair to avoid an embarrassing record in an election at hand; but here was a man who for no personal or political advantage would qualify his opposition or yield a point. The peculiar and distinctive character of Sumner's position at this time has been recognized by students of political history,—G. F. Hoar, in his eulogy in the House, April 27, 1874; Von Holst, vol. IV. pp. 220, 221, biographical sketches in Johnson's Universal Cyclopaedia and Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography. by Wendell Phillips and George W. Curtis respectively. He spoke no idle words; every sentence was matured; and he marshalled law, logic, history, facts, literature, morals, and religion against American slavery in a contest which could end only in its extinction. Sumner lacked, indeed, Chase's judicial style; but for the work he had to do, he was all the stronger for what might be thought a defect. He did not hid
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 40: outrages in Kansas.—speech on Kansas.—the Brooks assault.—1855-1856. (search)
lobe, p 136; 3); and they admitted their purpose to prevent any interference. (Holland's testimony, Globe, pp. 1358, 1359; Emundson's speech, July 14, App. p. 1015.) Emundson, according to his own testimony, talked a few moments before with Senator Johnson of Arkansas about the propriety of Brooks's calling on [assaulting] Sumner in the Senate. (Globe, p. 1362.) Keitt is stated to have been seen with a pistol behind him. Giddings's History of the Rebellion, p. 394. and with, according to one inscribed with Welcome and various tributes; indeed, all was done that a grateful people could do to testify their devotion to an admired and beloved statesman who had suffered for a great cause. Wendell Phillips, in his sketch of Sumner for Johnson's Encyclopedia, says that absence of display and interest in the occasion was noticeable on Beacon Street, the seat of old Boston families. W. F. Channing, in a letter to E. L. Pierce, states the same fact, adding that Sumner at the time observ
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 41: search for health.—journey to Europe.—continued disability.—1857-1858. (search)
nister. June 26. Visited the Athenaeum Club, where I have been made a pro tem. member; visited the House of Commons; breakfasted in the morning with the Duke of Argyll, where I met Lord Aberdeen; dined with Lord Granville, where I met Lord Clarendon and enjoyed him much, for he seemed a good man; then to a great party at Lansdowne House. June 27. Went down the Thames to the Tower; saw its curiosities; stopped at the Herald College and St. Paul's; lunched at the Mitre in the seat of Dr. Johnson; dined at Mr. Senior's, where were Lord and Lady Monteagle, Mr. and Mrs. Reeve, M. Merimiee, M. de Lesseps. June 28. Went for morning service to the old Temple Church; called on Mr. Grote; sat some time with Mr. Parkes; dined at Sir Henry Holland's. June 29. Breakfast with Roebuck; Parliament, where in Commons I heard Disraeli,—in Lords, Ellenborongh, Derby, etc., in brief speeches; dined at the club, and went for a short time to see the scenic representation of Richard II. at the
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, chapter 14 (search)
ged in lecturing in different parts of the country. During Charles's absence in Europe he wrote frequent letters, urging continued abstinence, until a cure was perfected, from public life and from thoughts concerning it, and constantly insisting upon more exercise in the open air and less addiction to books and engravings. During his absence Sumner received letters from many friends at home,—Dr. Howe, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Adams, S. P. Chase, Mr. and Mrs. Seward, John Jay, A. G. Browne, A. B. Johnson, and E. L. Pierce; and there were occasional letters from many others. Among deaths, while he was in Europe, of friends with whom he had been more or less intimate, were those of William Jay, Oct. 14, 1858; Prescott, Jan. 28, 1859; His last letter from Sumner was written from Aix-les-Bains, Sept. 15, 1858. Horace Mann, Aug. 2, 1859; Tributes to Mr. Mann may be found in Sumner's Works, vol. IV. p. 424; vol. v. p. 288. Dr. G. Bailey of the National Era, June 5, 1859; Sumner ex
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 43: return to the Senate.—the barbarism of slavery.—Popular welcomes.—Lincoln's election.—1859-1860. (search)
ut the only overt act was the intrusion of a Southern man four days after into Sumner's lodgings, who was offensive in speech and manner, and signified his purpose to come again. Sumner's friends,— among them Wilson, Burlingame, Sherman, and A. B. Johnson, --took precautions, though not at Sumner's instance, and even against his protest. Works, vol. v. pp. 127-129; Scribner's Magazine, August, 1874, pp. 483-486; Recollections of Charles Sumner, by A. B. Johnson; New York Evening Post. JunA. B. Johnson; New York Evening Post. June 11; New York Herald, June 11; New York Tribune, June 11. The Tribune's correspondent, June 5, thought that only prudence restrained the Southern party, as the speech was more severe than the one made in 1856. He notified Wilson of what had occurred, but he called upon no one to defend him, and took no part in the arrangements made by others for his protection. He particularly chafed at the guarding of his apartment at night by friends who persisted in remaining in it. The time for violence
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 50: last months of the Civil War.—Chase and Taney, chief-justices.—the first colored attorney in the supreme court —reciprocity with Canada.—the New Jersey monopoly.— retaliation in war.—reconstruction.—debate on Louisiana.—Lincoln and Sumner.—visit to Richmond.—the president's death by assassination.—Sumner's eulogy upon him. —President Johnson; his method of reconstruction.—Sumner's protests against race distinctions.—death of friends. —French visitors and correspondents.—1864-1865. (search)
ady in the house opposite, about half an hour after the fatal shot had been fired. There Sumner remained till the President's last breath, at twenty-two minutes past seven, the next morning. Sumner's movements that evening are detailed by A. B. Johnson in Scribner's Magazine, October, 1874, p. 224, in the correspondence of the Boston Journal, April 15, and in Chaplin's Life of Sumner, pp. 413-417, which contains a statement furnished by Moorfield Storey. These accounts, like most of the act eight o'clock, finding them guarded by soldiers under orders from the Secretary of War, in consequence of rumors of meditated violence on him as well as others. Scribner's Magazine, October, 1874, p. 224. His friend and former secretary, A. B. Johnson, has described his manner and conversation at this time, while he sat stern and haggard over his untasted breakfast, but steady in mind and unshaken in courage, as he contemplated the rebellion defeated and degraded to assassination. Sumne
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, chapter 10 (search)
described. Recollections of Charles Sumner, by A. B. Johnson, Scribner's Magazine. August, 1874, pp. 475– 49e practice, designated by him. As early as 1855, A. B. Johnson assisted him in clerical and kindred services, aonal and affectionate. He gave always a welcome to Johnson, and from time to time remembered his children withmost friendly treatment. The impeachment of President Johnson consumed the attention of Congress during the ublicly referred to as objections to his becoming Mr. Johnson's successor. The chief-justice bore himself withormal averments, and must be found, if anywhere, in Johnson's conduct and methods, which had obstructed the pacon the state of the South, his accompanying of President Johnson on the latter's political tour in 1866, and hi the war. But his later misunderstandings with President Johnson, growing out of the manner of his leaving the hich are among the best in the English language. Dr. Johnson used to give the palm to that famous sentence of
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