for good conduct in the latter several brevets and promotions.
The last brevet was that of lieutenant-colonel, for Buena Vista.
Feb. 23, 1847.
He was made major in 1855; resigned the next year, and lived (an extensive planter) in Louisiana until the breaking out of the Civil War, when (March, 1861) he was made a brigadier-general in the Confederate army.
Made major-general in February, 1862, he took an important part in the battle of Shiloh in April.
He was made general in place of A. S. Johnson, killed; and in May succeeded Beauregard in command.
John H. Morgan, the guerilla chief, and N. B. Forrest, the leader of a strong cavalry force, had for some time (in 1862) roamed, with very little serious opposition, over Kentucky and Tennessee, preparatory to the invasion of the former by a large Confederate force under General Bragg. Gen. E. Kirby Smith, a native of Connecticut, led Bragg's advance.
He entered Kentucky from eastern Tennessee, pushed rapidly to Lexington, after de