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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Fifth annual meeting of the Southern Historical Society, October 31st., 1877. (search)
condition of the country had made it possible that such a war could be waged for such a cause and against a people so helpless and unoffending. The real purpose of the war of 1867 was to secure a presidential election. The immobility of President Johnson, like a rock in the sea, had caused a reactionary movement among the people to save the Constitution as well as the Union. Those who wanted the Union without the Constitution — who wanted an oligarchy instead of a republic—at once discerhe State governments, and marshalled an army to enforce the movement. It was the right of local self-government in the States that stood in the way of the marplots who intended to control the presidency at every hazard. The encounter with Andrew Johnson caused them to dread a President who regarded his oath to support the Constitution, and they intended that nothing should be left to chance in the election of his successor. This purpose could only be accomplished by taking the government of
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Leading Confederates on the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
mense wagon-train passing, said to belong to Johnson's division. At 2:30 A. M., July 2d, we took g seen by the enemy. General Lee ordered Colonel Johnson, of his engineer corps, to lead and condufrom General Lee to follow the conduct of Colonel Johnson. Therefore I sent orders to Hood, who ne with and commanding Cemetery Hill. Before Johnson got up the Federals were reported moving to oant Robert Early, sent to investigate it, and Johnson placed in position, the night was far advancethey were stopped by Ewell's wagon trains and Johnson's division turning into the road in front of ent to the main attack, having reinforced General Johnson during the night of the 2d, ordered him fwell says: Just before the time fixed for General Johnson's advance the enemy attacked him to regais route, under the direction and conduct of Col. Johnson of his staff of engineers; that Colonel JohColonel Johnson's orders were to keep the march of the troops concealed, and that I hurried Hood's division fo[4 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The true story of the capture of Jefferson Davis. (search)
Sherman, which resulted, on the 18th, not in the final capitulation, but in the armistice which the Government of the United States declined to ratify. General Breckinridge was not present and took no part in the celebrated capitulation. [See Johnson's Narrative, pages 396-407.] There was no such change of plan , fatuous or not fatuous, as represented by General Wilson. No council of war was held at Abbeville. General Bragg was not at Abbeville. No cavalry commander was a member of thef Mr. Lincoln, inquiring whether he had heard of it. I have, was the answer, and there is one man who knows it to be a lie. By one man rejoined Wilson, I presume you mean some one particular man? I do, answered Mr. Davis; I mean the man [Andrew Johnson] who signed the proclamation; for he knows that I would a thousand times rather have Abraham Lincoln to deal with, as President of the United States, than to have him. This was said with the full expectation that it would be reported. The
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A review of the First two days operations at Gettysburg and a reply to General Longstreet by General Fitz. Lee. (search)
he fighting upon that day. Each had two divisions of their corps engaged, thus leaving one division to each corps, viz., Johnson of Ewell's, and Anderson of Hill's, at their service for further work-something over 10,000 men. The four divisions enganewed after that it would have been by fresh troops on either side, with all the chances of a new battle. At 6 o'clock, Johnson's division entered the town; and Anderson's division might have reached there at the same time if it had been ordered to as it moved up the Baltimore pike, crossed Wolf Hill, with orders to seize the high land on the Confederate left, where Johnson's division subsequently spent the night. If, therefore, Hill and Ewell had renewed the attack at 6 P. M., with their command being much shattered by the fight of the 1st. On our extreme left opposed to Wadsworth, were three brigades of Johnson's division, Ewell's corps. One of his brigades, Walker's, was in position faced to the left to guard the flank of our a
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Numerical strength of the armies at Gettysburg. (search)
ate army, it would raise the effective strength of the former to fully 115,000 on the 27th day of June, four days previous to the battle. View these figures as one will, the disparity in numerical strength is very apparent. Historical accuracy being my great aim in all that I have to say upon this subject, I hasten to correct the error into which I have inadvertently fallen along with Mr. Swinton. Strength of the army of Northern Virginia, May 31st, 1863. commands.Present for Duty.Effective Total. Enlisted Men.Officers. First Army Corps: General Staff13 Anderson's Division6,797643 McLaws' Division6,684627 Hood's Division7,030690 Pickett's Division6,072615 Total First Corps26,5832,58829,171 Second Army Corps: General Staff17 A. P. Hill's Division8,501798 Rodes' Division7,815648 Early's Division6,368575 Johnson's Division5,089475 Total Second Corps27,7732,51330,286 Cavalry9,53675610,292 Artillery4,4602424,702 Total effective Army of Northern Virginia 74, 4561
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Steuart's brigade at the battle of Gettysburg.--a narrative by Rev. Randolph H. McKim, D. D., late First Lieutenant and Aide-de-camp, Confederate army. (search)
y, your obedient servant, Randolph H. McKIM. New York, March 4, 1878. The Third brigade of Johnson's division entered the battle of Gettysburg very much jaded by the hard marching which fell to report (Southern Historical Society Papers for July, 1876, page 42): The troops of the former (Johnson) moved steadily up the steep and rugged ascent under a heavy fire, driving the enemy into his ed, the Third brigade held the position they had won the night before. Several writers speak of Johnson being heavily reinforced. It may be. But I feel sure that that far-advanced line of earthworksrough all those terrible hours on the morning of the 3d July. The reinforcements which came to Johnson must have been employed on the flanks or on some other portion of the line than that occupied by us. My memoranda says that Johnson was subsequently reinforced by the brigades of Smith and Daniel. Probably this was just before the last fatal charge. I remember the latter brigade coming up