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John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XIV (search)
hile the latter directs what shall be done in case the enemy retreats, but says nothing about what shall be done if he does not retreat. Hdqrs. Cavalry Corps, Mil. Div. Of the Mississippi, in the field, December 16, 1864, 10:10 A. M. Major-General Schofield, Commanding Twenty-third Army Corps. General: The regiment sent to the Granny White pike reports it strongly picketed toward us, with troops moving to our left. This is probably Chalmers's division. I have heard nothing from Johnson this morning; but, from what General Croxton reports, there is no doubt that Chalmers crossed the Hardin pike, moving toward Brentwood. The country on the left of the Hillsboroa pike, toward the enemy's left, is too difficult for cavalry operations. It seems to me if I was on the other flank of the Army I might do more to annoy the enemy, unless it is intended that I shall push out as directed last night. Very respectfully, J. H. Wilson, Brevet Major-General. (Indorsement.) Respectf
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XVIII (search)
and material prosperity, if they had been recognized by the military authority of the United States and kept under military control similar to that exercised by the district commanders under the reconstruction acts. And such recognition would in no manner have interfered with any action Congress might have thought it wise to take looking to the organization of permanent governments and the admission of senators and representatives in Congress. After two years of reconstruction under President Johnson's policy, the Southern State governments were no better than those he had destroyed. Then Congress took the matter in hand, and after years of labor brought forth State governments far worse than either of those that had been torn down. Party ambition on the one hand, and timidity on the other, were the parents of these great follies. The presidential succession was the mainspring of the first movement and of the opposition thereto, while that and party majority in Congress were t
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XIX (search)
ists, without either first altering or else violating the Constitution of the United States. If we hold that by the rebellion the States have lost their existence as States, and have been reduced to unorganized Territories under the absolute sovereign authority of the United States, then undoubtedly we may declare that all inhabitants, white and black, shall have equal political rights and an equal voice in the organization of a State to be admitted into the Union. But I understand President Johnson repudiates this doctrine; hence it may be left out of the question. It appears to me beyond question that the Constitution of North Carolina is now valid and binding as the law of the State, and that any measures for the reorganization of the State government must be in accordance with the provisions of that instrument. This, I am convinced, is the unanimous opinion of the leading Union men of the State. My second reason for objecting to the proposition is the absolute unfitness
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XX (search)
S. Grant, then commander-in-chief of the armies of the United States, was requested to select an officer to organize and command the proposed army. In June, 1865, at Raleigh, North Carolina, I received a message from General Grant informing me of my selection, and desiring me, if I was willing to consider the proposition, to come to Washington for consultation on the subject. Upon my arrival in Washington, I consulted freely with General Grant, SeƱor Romero (the Mexican minister), President Johnson, Secretary of State Seward, and Secretary of War Stanton, all of whom approved the general proposition that I should assume the control and direction of the measures to be adopted for the purpose of causing the French army to evacuate Mexico. Not much was said between me and the President or either of the secretaries at that time about the means to be employed; but it appeared to be understood by all that force would probably be necessary, and for some time no other means were consid
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XXI (search)
ichmond, it at first seemed that the amendment would be speedily ratified. But other influences, understood to come from some source in Washington (probably President Johnson), finally prevailed; the amendment was rejected; and Virginia was thus doomed to undergo congressional reconstruction in company with her sister States. The policy of President Johnson having resulted in an irrepressible conflict between him and Congress, finally culminating in his impeachment, the reconstruction of the States lately in insurrection was undertaken by Congress. First an act dated March 2, 1867, was passed for the military government of the rebel States, and then anohat State fully appreciated the fact. With this service to the people of Virginia, my duty in that State practically terminated. The impeachment trial of President Johnson had reached its crisis. It had become evident to those who were wise enough to discern the signs of the times that the Senate would probably not sustain the
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XXII (search)
ry of War ad interim the impeachment of President Johnson memorandum of interviews with William MAct. See General Grant's letter to President Andrew Johnson, August 1, 1867, in McPherson's Histoace. See General Grant's letter to President Andrew Johnson, February 3, 1868, in McPherson's His86. But those two objections being removed by Johnson's tender of the appointment to Grant himself,gave his full countenance and support to President Johnson in the suspension of Mr. Stanton, with a which immediately followed between Grant and Johnson, the second attempt to remove Stanton in Febr868. Of the impeachment and trial of President Johnson it is not my province to write. My spec he would not believe any pledge or promise Mr. Johnson might make in regard to his future conduct.o little tact to avoid serious trouble. President Johnson's views were sometimes in direct conflicnsion of criminal purpose on the part of President Johnson, certainly all indication of any such pu[2 more...]
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
21, 322 Democratic party, attitude on President Johnson's impeachment, 415 Denver, Colo., proited States, 408 et seq.; controversy with Pres. Johnson, and views on the impeachment trial, 411-4; his character, 543-547 Correspondence with: Johnson, A., Aug. 1, 1867, 411; Feb. 3, 1868, 412: Loy of War, 418; relations with S., 419, 420 Johnson, Maj.-Gen. Richard W., battle of Nashville, 2365, 367-377, 418, 419, 543; attitude of President Johnson concerning, 354, 374, 376, 395, 420 construction measures, 419; relations with Pres. Johnson, 419, 420; succeeds Sheridan as general-inps military command, 411; controversy with Pres. Johnson, 411 at seq.; his removal opposed by Grants, 408,409; necessity of its guarding against Johnson's lawless acts, 416; power to declare war, 43's difficulties with, 117 ; impeachment of Pres. Johnson, 404, 414-419; confirms S.'s appointment as interest and share in the impeachment of Pres. Johnson, 413 et seq.; reforms and attempted reform[2 more...]