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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pontiac, (search)
ook the lead in a widespread conspiracy, and organized a confederacy for the purpose of driving the English back beyond the Alleghanies. The confederacy was composed of the Ottawas, Miamis, Wyandottes, Delawares, Shawnees, Ontagamies, Chippewas, Pottawattomies, Mississagas, Foxes, and Winnebagoes. These had been allies of the French. The Senecas, the most westerly of the Six Nations, joined the confederacy, but the other tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy (q. v.) were kept quiet by Sir William Johnson. It was arranged for a simultaneous attack to be made along the whole frontier of Pennsylvania and Virginia. The conspiracy was unsuspected until it was ripe and the first blow was struck, in June, 1763. English traders scattered through the frontier regions were plundered and slain. At almost the same instant they attacked all of the English outposts taken from the French, and made themselves masters of nine of them, massacring or dispersing the garrisons. Forts Pitt, Niagara, a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Proces verbal, (search)
who led a French expedition from Canada to the Ohio country (1749), buried several of them at different points as an enduring proces verbal. One of these plates, stolen by an Indian from the French interpreter at Fort Niagara, was taken to Gen. William Johnson by a Cayuga sachem for an interpretation of its meaning. The following is a translation of the inscription: In the year 1749, of the reign of Louis XV., King of France, we, Celoron, commander of a detachment sent by Monsieur the Marquis drecht and Aix-la-Chapelle. This inscription revealed the designs of the French. The plate was sent to the royal governor of New York, and by him to the British government. He sent copies of the inscription to other colonial governors, and Colonel Johnson told the Five Nations that it implied an attempt to deprive them of their lands, and that the French ought to be immediately expelled from the Ohio and Niagara. One of the plates buried by Celoron near the mouth of the Muskingum River was f
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stone, William Leete 1792-1844 (search)
s trade and engaged in journalism, and in 1821 succeeded to the editorship of the New York Commercial Advertiser, of which he was a proprietor till 1844. He was the author of History Of the Great Albany constitutional convention of 1821; Narrative of the Grand Erie Canal celebration; Border wars of the American Revolution, etc. He died in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Aug. 15, 1844. Author; born in New York City, April 4, 1835; son of the preceding; graduated at Brown University in 1858 and at the Albany Law School in 1859; practised in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., in 1860-63; later engaged in journalism. He is the author of The life and times of Sir William Johnson, Bart.; Revolutionary letters; Burgoyne's campaign and St. Leger's expedition; Life and military journals of Major-General Riedesel; History of New York City; Life and writings of Col. William L. Stone; The Saratoga battle-grounds; Sir John Johnson's orderly book; Historical guide book to Saratoga Springs and vicinity, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Supreme Court, United States (search)
r, Virginia1789-96717321800 Robert H. Harrison, Maryland1789-90117451790 James Iredell, North Carolina1790-99917511799 Thomas Johnson, Maryland1791-93217321819 William Paterson, New Jersey1793-18061317451806 John Rutledge, South Carolina1795-95..17391800 Samuel Chase, Maryland1796-18111517411811 Oliver Ellsworth, Connecticut1796-1800417451807 Bushrod Washington, Virginia1798-18293117621829 Alfred Moore, North Carolina1799-1804517551810 John Marshall, Virginia1801-353417551835 William Johnson, South Carolina1804-343017711834 Brockholst Livingston, New York1806-231717571823 Thomas Todd, Kentucky1807-261917651826 Joseph Story, Massachusetts1811-453417791845 Gabriel Duval, Maryland1811-362517521844 Smith Thompson, New York1823-432017671843 Robert Trimble, Kentucky1826-28217771828 John McLean, Ohio1829-613217851861 Henry Baldwin, Pennsylvania1830-441417791844 James M. Wayne, Georgia1835-673217901867 Roger B. Taney, Maryland1836-642817771864 Philip B. Barbour, Virginia
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Talbot, Silas 1751-1813 (search)
d in a boat, and the Romney soon freed herself without injury. The other war-vessels fled out of the harbor in alarm. Talbot received a severe wound in the defence of Fort Mifflin, and gave material aid to General Sullivan on Rhode Island in 1778. A few weeks later he captured a British floating battery anchored in one of the channels commanding Newport, and for this exploit was commissioned captain. In his prize (the Pigot) he cruised off the New England coast, capturing several prizes. In 1780 he was captured and confined in the prison-ship Jersey, removed to England, and exchanged in 1781. After the war he purchased the confiscated estate of Sir William Johnson, near the Mohawk River; served in the New York Assembly, and was a member of Congress in 1793-94. He was employed in 1794 to superintend the construction of the frigate Constitution, which, in 1799, was his flag-ship in a cruise to the West Indies. He resigned Sept. 21, 1801. He died in New York City, June 30, 1813.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties,
Indian
(search)
ylvania. The Quakers of that State had espoused the cause of the Indians and formed an association for securing justice for them, and friendship between them and the white people. They held two conferences at Easton with the Indians, and Sir William Johnson complained that the Quakers had intruded upon his office. Finally, in July, 1756, a conference was held between the Delawares, Shawnees, Mohegans, the Six Nations, and Governor Denny and his council, and George Croghan, an Indian trader. other council was held there in the autumn of 1758. The object was to adjust all differences between the English and the Six Nations, as well as other tribes farther westward and southward. The governors of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Sir William Johnson, Colonel Croghan, and a large number of the Friendly Association were present. Teedyuscung acted as chief speaker, which offended the Six Nations, who regarded the Delawares as their vassals; but he conducted himself admirably, maintained
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut, (search)
First silk coat and stockings of New England production were worn by Governor Law, of Connecticut......1747 Phineas Lyman, major-general of the Connecticut forces, second in command at the battle of Lake George......Sept. 6, 1755 [Sir William Johnson being disabled, General Lyman conducted the engagement successfully to Dieskau's defeat.] Citizens of Connecticut known as the Susquehanna Company purchase from the Six Nations land 70 miles in length on the Susquehanna River, and extenetary......1865 Lydia Sigourney, poet, dies at Hartford......June 10, 1865 Legislature which convened at Hartford, May 3, adjourns after the longest session on record up to date......July 21, 1865 An exciting election for governor; President Johnson's influence favoring James E. English; Joseph R. Hawley, Republican, elected by only 541 majority......April, 1866 Legislature ratifies the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution......June 30, 1866 Legislature ratifies the Fifteenth
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
ly defeated at Olustee......Feb. 20, 1864 Regarding Florida as still a State of the Union, a convention at Jacksonville appoints delegates to the Presidential convention, to meet June 7, at Baltimore......May 24, 1864 By proclamation, President Johnson appoints William Marvin provisional governor......July 13, 1865 Delegates elected to State convention at Tallahassee......Oct. 10, 1865 Convention at Tallahassee adopts a new constitution without submission to the people and repeals the ordinance of secession .......Oct. 28, 1865 President Johnson proclaims that the insurrection which heretofore existed in the State of Florida is at an end and is henceforth to be so regarded ......April 2, 1866 Meeting at Tallahassee forms a State educational association......May 20, 1867 Colonel Sprague, military commander of District of Florida; headquarters at Tallahassee (later at Jacksonville)......May 31, 1867 Republican Convention at Tallahassee; 129 delegates......July
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
New Jersey......1769 Liberty-pole in New York City cut down by British soldiers......Jan. 13, 1770 John, Lord Dunmore, governor......1770 Governor Dunmore transferred to Virginia; William Tryon last royal governor of New York......1771 Line of jurisdiction between New York and Massachusetts settled......1773 Governor Tryon gives 10,000 acres of land to King's College, and founds a chair of law......1774 New York publishes a declaration of rights......May 23, 1774 Sir William Johnson dies at Albany, aged sixty......July 11, 1774 Delegates chosen to first Continental Congress......July 25, 1774 Provincial convention in New York; delegates to the Continental Congress appointed......April 22, 1775 Fort Ticonderoga surprised and taken by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold with eighty men......May 10, 1775 Crown Point surrenders......May 12, 1775 Benedict Arnold captures St. Johns, Canada......May 16, 1775 First Provincial Congress in New York; Nathaniel
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, (search)
urham station......April 26, 1865 Maj.-Gen. J. M. Schofield, appointed to command the Department of North Carolina, makes his headquarters at Raleigh......April, 1865 William W. Holden proclaimed provisional governor of the State by President Johnson......May 29, 1865 Maj.-Gen. Thomas H. Ruger succeeds Schofield in command of the Department of North Carolina......June, 1865 Convention called by Provisional Governor Holden meets at Raleigh, Oct. 2, repeals the ordinance of secessio Oct. 9, and adjourns......Oct. 19, 1865 People ratify the repeal of the ordinance of secession by 20,506 to 2,002, and the ordinance prohibiting slavery by 19,039 to 3,039......Nov. 7, 1865 Governor Holden is relieved of his trust by President Johnson, and Governor Worth assumes office......Dec. 23, 1865 Convention of colored delegates meets at Raleigh to promote the mental and political elevation of their race......Oct. 1, 1866 Legislature passes an act granting a general amnesty
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