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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 2 (search)
t three hundred troopers, Report of General J. E. Johnston. had been formed under the hand of a mnandoah, was committed to the hands of General J. E. Johnston; and Colonel Jackson, assigned a suborterson. On expressing his fears in regard to Johnston, a few days before the opening of the campaig to adopt the former course—namely, to attack Johnston. If Patterson, therefore, was not in conditiff upon Charlestown, near Harper's Ferry, and Johnston was left free to move to form a junction withh of July. On the same day a message reached Johnston from Beauregard: If you wish to help me, now is the time. Johnston promptly availed himself of the opportunity to escape unmolested. Making a rnd, the plans he had formed were adopted, and Johnston directed their execution under him. This plan of the battle, were going on, Beauregard and Johnston, from their headquartes, near the centre of till conquer. At this juncture, Beauregard and Johnston reached the field, and it required their best[25 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 3 (search)
well drilled and equipped; whereas it is certain that General Johnston's entire force barely exceeded one-third that number. Several months ago General Johnston stated verbally to me that his recollection of the maximum of his strength during th consolidated monthly reports of the Confederate armies. Johnston's strength, October 31, 1861, was 44,131 present for dutye a special operation of the nature of a movement against Johnston at Manassas. Had Johnston stood, a battle with good prosJohnston stood, a battle with good prospect of success might have been delivered. But had he, as there was great likelihood he would do, and as it is now certain its retirement behind the line of the Rappahannock. General Johnston, who, a considerable time previously, had formed the Union army was moved back to the vicinity of Alexandria. Johnston, who had retired behind the Rappahannock, finding on surv these facts touching the evacuation of Manassas from General Johnston himself. The Confederate abandonment of Manassas
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 4 (search)
lroad engineers. In this state of facts, General Johnston wished to withdraw every thing from the P more substantial than it seemed; and had General Johnston, in place of becoming alarmed at the preps on either side, was one which evidently General Johnston had no intention of occupying; for, by t the carelessness of the Confederates, General Johnston, in conversation with the writer, stated gainst him whatever he ought to do. Now, for Johnston to omit to strike one or the other of these eeyes' right or to cover Longstreet's left. Johnston: Report of Seven Pines: Confederate Reports ol in hand under the personal direction of General Johnston, moved forward, opening a heavy fusilade batteries. McClellan: Report, p. 110. General Johnston simply says: The strength of the enemy's s already suffered, and the disabling of General Johnston, determined General Smith to retire his fwn the Peninsula over the same route by which Johnston retreated up the Peninsula. In either case, [31 more...]
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 9 (search)
of this narrative has already set forth the bold and successful manner in which it was more than once carried out. It was in accordance with this policy that General Johnston, after falling back from Yorktown to the front of Richmond, turned upon McClellan astride the Chickahominy, and dealt him a blow which but for accidental circumstances should have terminated the campaign—a result that, indeed, was accomplished, when Lee, continuing the conception of Johnston, seized the initiative and hurled the Union army back to the James River. And it was in following out the same line of action that he was able, by threatening the flanks and rear of Pope, to drivtery Hill if he found it practicable, but to avoid a general engagement until the arrival of the other divisions of the army. He decided to await the arrival of Johnston's division; but as that officer did not arrive till a late hour, and in the mean time it was found that the Union force had fully occupied the heights, it was r
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
continuous hammering. The armed force of the Confederacy was at this time mainly included in the two great armies of Johnston and Lee—the former occupying an intrenched position at Dalton, Georgia, the latter ensconced within the lines of the Rapf the Mississippi River, was committed to Major-General W. T. Sherman, who was intrusted with the duty of acting against Johnston's force by a campaign having as its objective point Atlanta, the great railroad centre of the middle zone. The lieutenathe conduct of the commanders was very different. General Sherman, rarely assaulting, treated each position taken up by Johnston as a fortress; and by intrenching in front of his opponent's works, he was able both to cover his own lines and gradualltronghold. Thus, by repeated leaps in advance, and with comparatively little loss, he reached his goal, Atlanta. General Johnston, whose very words, in conversation with the writer, are employed above, added a significant statement. He said he b
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 13 (search)
f the Confederacy by the reappointment of General Johnston to the command of the forces opposing Shee onward march of his formidable antagonist. Johnston had on paper a numerous army; but, in effect,lina. In this state of facts it was vain for Johnston to attempt an aggressive policy, unless indee by which a junction of the forces of Lee and Johnston might be made, it was necessary for him to cresult, however, could not long be prevented, Johnston chose the former course and fell back in the as many as were in the ranks of both Lee and Johnston—were, during the last eighteen months of the receive even that meagre dole of food. General Johnston, soon after the close of the war, stated or Danville, where uniting with the forces of Johnston he might, by maintaining a defensive system, ement were begun early in the month of March: Johnston was to refuse his left if Sherman advanced; ff his antagonist—to unite with the army under Johnston, and then so to act as to elicit good overtur[3 more...]<
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
into Maryland and Pennsylvania, 319. Johnston, General, estimate of forces, 72; army removed togn, 1865,573; movement towards junction with Johnston on Danville line, 574; never meant to surrend0; McDowell's plan of operations against, 44; Johnston's evacuation of Winchester, and union with Beollowed by popular uprising, 60; evacuated by Johnston, 89. Manassas No. 2, Jackson's retreat froions against Winchester, 46; estimates by, of Johnston's strength, 46. Peach Orchard—see Gettysbun (for siege of—see Yorktown), 99; pursuit of Johnston to Williamsburg (for further—see Williamsburgch to General Patterson on operations against Johnston, 45. Sedgwick, General, at Mine Run, 395; ), 53: given command at the West, and against Johnston, 405; advance on Atlanta compared with Grant' Smith, G. W., commanding Confederates, vice Johnston, wounded, 138. Smith, W. F., evidence on Bneral Franklin's dis embarkation and check by Johnston, 117; McClellan's base of supplies establishe[5 more...