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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 6.35 (search)
bborn front and covered the escape of the routed Federals into Chattanooga. While our author claims abundant glories for his own people, he accords high praise to the valor, constancy and ability of his antagonists. He highly esteems General Joseph Johnston, and makes a fair and strong exposition of his conduct and efficiency. The crowning success of the book is the contrast presented by the narrative between the characters and conduct of Sherman and Thomas after Johnston's removal from Johnston's removal from the command of the Army of Tennessee. When Hood withdrew his army from Sherman's front and turned towards Tennessee, the great raider debated whether to follow Hood or pursue his raid through Georgia and the Carolinas, thus left open to him. He did not long debate, but selecting such corps and divisions as would make up a well organized army of 65,000 men, he sent the debris to Thomas. He even dismounted Wilson's cavalry to furnish the cavalry reserved with his own wing with a better remount
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, April, 1863. (search)
April, 1863. 1st, 1863. Anchored at 8.30 P. M., three miles from the mouth of the Rio Grande, or Rio Bravo del Norte, which is, I believe, its more correct name, in the midst of about seventy merchant vessels. 2d April, 1863. The Texan and I left the Immortalite, in her cutter, at 10 A. M., and crossed the bar in fine style. The cutter was steered by Mr. Johnston, the master, and having a fair wind, we passed in like a flash of lightning, and landed at the miserable village of Bagdad, on the Mexican bank of the Rio Grande. The bar was luckily in capital order-3 1/2 feet of water, and smooth. It is often impassable for ten or twelve days together: the depth of water varying from 2 to 5 feet. It is very dangerous, from the heavy surf and under-current; sharks also abound. Boats are frequently capsized in crossing it, and the Orlando lost a man on it about a month ago. Seventy vessels are constantly at anchor outside the bar; their cotton cargoes being brought to
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, May, 1863. (search)
eft this place by road last night to join General Johnston, who is supposed to be concentrating his me, by every means in his power, to join General Johnston. I then went to a Methodist chapel; a told him my earnest desire to get on towards Johnston's army at all risks. He kindly introduced meaken place there four lays previous, when General Johnston had evacuated the city. When I got iny passport and letters of introduction to General Johnston and other Confederate officers; he pronouis brigade to-morrow on its march towards General Johnston, and Mrs. Yerger insisted that I should pfederacy appeared to be very gloomy. General Joseph Johnston, who commands the whole Western Depary doubtful as to the exact whereabouts of General Johnston; but about noon a courier arrived, from wed on in front of the column, and reached General Johnston's bivouac at 6 P. M. General JohnstonGeneral Johnston received me with much kindness, when I presented my letters of introduction, and stated my object i[4 more...]
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, June, 1863. (search)
mon vigor, and met with considerable success, considering that he was a man of no great military capacity. He said that Johnston was certainly acting slowly and with much caution; but then he had not the veteran troops of Bragg or Lee. He told me th generally red, with a blue St. Andrew's Cross showing the stars. This pattern is said to have been invented by General Joseph Johnston, as not so liable to be mistaken for the Yankee flag. The new Confederate flag has evidently been adopted from at he has got an efficient successor in Ewell, his former companion in arms; and they confirmed a great deal of what General Johnston had told me as to Jackson having been so much indebted to Ewell for several of his victories. They gave us an animauth Carolinians. They marched very well, and there was no attempt at straggling; quite a different state of things from Johnston's men in Mississippi. All were well shod and efficiently clothed. In rear of each regiment were from twenty to thirty
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The military situation-plans for the campaign-sheridan assigned to command of the cavalry-flank movements-forrest at Fort Pillow-General Banks's expedition-colonel Mosby-an incident of the Wilderness campaign (search)
o turn over the guarding of the Red River to General Steele and the navy, to abandon Texas with the exception of the Rio Grande, and to concentrate all the force he can, not less than 25,000 men, to move on Mobile. This he is to do without reference to other movements. From the scattered condition of his command, however, he cannot possibly get it together to leave New Orleans before the 1st of May, if so soon. Sherman will move at the same time you do, or two or three days in advance, Jo. Johnston's army being his objective point, and the heart of Georgia his ultimate aim. If successful he will secure the line from Chattanooga to Mobile with the aid of Banks. Sigel cannot spare troops from his army to reinforce either of the great armies, but he can aid them by moving directly to his front. This he has been directed to do, and is now making preparations for it. Two columns of his command will make south at the same time with the general move; one from Beverly, from ten to twel
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Commencement of the Grand campaign-general Butler's position-sheridan's first raid (search)
were now all ready to move for the accomplishment of a single object. They were acting as a unit so far as such a thing was possible over such a vast field. Lee, with the capital of the Confederacy, was the main end to which all were working. Johnston, with Atlanta, was an important obstacle in the way of our accomplishing the result aimed at, and was therefore almost an independent objective. It was of less importance only because the capture of Johnston and his army would not produce so imJohnston and his army would not produce so immediate and decisive a result in closing the rebellion as would the possession of Richmond, Lee and his army. All other troops were employed exclusively in support of these two movements. This was the plan; and I will now endeavor to give, as concisely as I can, the method of its execution, outlining first the operations of minor detached but co-operative columns. As stated before, Banks failed to accomplish what he had been sent to do on the Red River, and eliminated the use of forty tho
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Sherman's campaign in Georgia-siege of Atlanta --death of General McPherson-attempt to capture Andersonville-capture of Atlanta (search)
he general advance, with a view of destroying Johnston's army and capturing Atlanta. He visited eac, the 4th of May. As I have said already, Johnston was at Dalton, which was nearly one-fourth ofgot near the road in the enemy's rear. Again Johnston fell back, our army pursuing. The pursuit wacularly with the cavalry. By the 4th of June Johnston found that he was being hemmed in so rapidly they would have to move upon in order to turn Johnston out of his new position. While Sherman's e railroad again at the Chattahoochee River. Johnston frustrated this plan by himself starting backe 9th he fell back across the river. Here Johnston made a stand until the 17th, when Sherman's oand the final movement toward Atlanta began. Johnston was now relieved of the command, and [John B.] Hood superseded him. Johnston's tactics in this campaign do not seem to have met with much favops wanted. For my own part, I think that Johnston's tactics were right. Anything that could ha[7 more...]
en, of Mix's Third New York cavalry, under Lieutenant Allis, and a superior force of rebel cavalry, resulting in the defeat of the rebels, with a loss of three men killed, six wounded, and two taken prisoners unhurt. None of the Union party were killed, and but one was wounded. Major-Gen. Butler, commanding Department of the Gulf, issued an order directing and authorizing the Provost-Marshal of New Orleans, La., to execute six rebel prisoners, convicted of having violated their parole. Part of General Banks's command advanced beyond Martinsburgh, Va.--A reconnaissance in force was made at Winton, N. C., by the National troops, under Gen. Viele. At noon to-day the main body of the rebel army near Richmond, Va., under General Joseph Johnston, attacked the left wing of the Union army at Fair Oaks and the Seven Pines, and a desperate battle ensued, which lasted till night. At night the rebels occupied the camps of the Fourth corps, but their advance was completely broken.
June 3. Major-General Robert W. Lee was assigned to the command of the rebel army in front of Richmond, in consequence of a slight wound to General Johnston, and, upon assuming his important position, issued an address to the army, which was read at the head of the regiments. Its sentiments created the liveliest enthusiasm. The address informed them, in a very few words, that the army had made its last retract, and that henceforth every man's watchword must be, Victory or death! The response was cheers from all the regiments.--Petersburgh Express, June 5. The Twenty-fifth regiment of New York volunteers, under the command of Col. Bryan, left Albany for the seat of war.--Gen. Hooker made a reconnoissance in force on the Williamsburgh, Va., turnpike, reaching a point within four miles of Richmond. The rebels were not numerous; their pickets were visible, but they fled on the approach of the National troops. A letter was published in the Richmond Dispatch, said to hav
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 16: Secession of Virginia and North Carolina declared.--seizure of Harper's Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.--the first troops in Washington for its defense. (search)
dmund Foley, Thomas Kelley, John Eppinger, John Rouch, David Howard, Jeremiah Deitrich, William Weller, Wm. A. Christian, Mark Walker, Ralph Corby, Henry Mehr, F. Goodyear, Wm. Carl, Anthony Lippman, John P. Deiner, Wm. A. Beidleman, Chas. J. Shoemaker, Jas. Donegan, Herman Hauser, Louis Weber, Thomas, H. Parker, John Howell, Henry Yerger, Wm. Davenport, James Landefield, James R. Smith, Michael Foren, Alex. Smith, W. M. Lashorn, Levi Gloss, Samuel Heilner, Enoch Lambert, Frank Wenrich, Joseph Johnston, Henry C. Nies, Jacob Shoey, John Hartman, Wm. Buckley, Henry Quin, Thomas G. Buckley, Wm. Becker, J. P. McGinnes, Charles J. Redcay, Jr., Wm. Britton, Thomas Smith, J. M. Hughes, Thomas Martin, Henry Gehring, Dallas Dampman, John Boedefeld, M. Edgar Richards. Ringgold Light Artillery, of Reading. officers and non-commissioned officers.--Captain, James McKnight; First Lieutenant, Henry Nagle; Second Lieutenant, Wm. Graeff; Firs} Sergeant, G. W. Durell; Second Sergeant, D. Kreish
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