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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 67 11 Browse Search
James D. Porter, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.1, Tennessee (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 65 9 Browse Search
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley) 65 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 12. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 63 19 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 61 13 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 60 10 Browse Search
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 58 12 Browse Search
Thomas C. DeLeon, Four years in Rebel capitals: an inside view of life in the southern confederacy, from birth to death. 56 2 Browse Search
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox 56 8 Browse Search
Raphael Semmes, Memoirs of Service Afloat During the War Between the States 52 4 Browse Search
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Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 8: winter campaign in the Valley. 1861-62. (search)
-62. The appointment of General Jackson to the command of a separate district under General Joseph E. Johnston, consisting of the Valley of Virginia, was made on October 21st, 1861. On the 4th of icers, gave the peremptory order, without consultation either with General Jackson, or General Joseph E. Johnston, the Commander-in-Chief of the whole department The injury thus done to the authority the same time, to make one more effort for preventing the injury, he wrote requesting that General Johnston would countermand the order for the retreat. To his adjutant he said, The Secretary of Waronsibility of giving the order; and all the troops returned to the vicinity of Winchester. General Johnston detained the resignation for a time, and immediately wrote to General Jackson, in terms alssee troops, was sent, with two regiments from that of Colonel Taliaferro, to Evansport, on General Johnston's extreme right. The brigade of Colonel Gilham, now commanded by the gallant Colonel J. S.
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 9: General view of the campaigns of 1862. (search)
s. It was confronted by the army of General Joseph E. Johnston, with its right wing resting upon thd and thirty thousand men, the command of General Johnston was absolutely diminished more than one hc at Evansport, and to surround and crush General Johnston at Manassas, or else to force him toward the Orange and Alexandria road, on which General Johnston now depended as his sole line of communicof commanding strength far in the rear of General Johnston's left, and of his temporary base, Generan to the Confederates. The retreat of General Johnston from Manassa's Junction implied that of Gight act against them on interior lines. General Johnston accordingly enjoined on General Jackson, e theatre of war, save those of McClellan and Johnston, Banks and Jackson, these views would have behan a junction with MOClellan in front of General Johnston; because, by approaching Staunton, he thrmmander-in-Chief, whatever they might be. General Johnston conceded to him the exercise of his own d[4 more...]
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 10: Kernstown. (search)
shed, after once surrendering the lower Valley, to draw the enemy farther into the country, and thus both to relieve General Johnston of their pressure, and to diminish the numbers with whom he would be required to deal in his front. After marching ch, he retreated slowly to the neighborhood of Mt. Jackson, reaching it the 17th. There he received a despatch from General Johnston, dated March 19th, stating that it was most desirable the enemy's force in the Valley should be detained there, and itudinous hordes, and, to this end, was just drawing a number of regiments from the army of Banks, to aid in turning General Johnston's left. They had already begun their march, and were preparing to cross the Blue Ridge at Snicker's Gap, while theilonel Ashby had been deceived in his estimate of the force opposed to him; and Jackson had reason to anticipate that General Johnston's desire to have the powerful army of Banks recalled, was fulfilled too efficaciously for his own safety. The regio
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 12: Winchester. (search)
chmond; or even to the peninsula. General Jackson was steadfast in the opinion, that Banks's objective point was still Staunton, and the command of the Central Railroad; and he therefore confidently expected to fight him in the Valley. General Joseph E. Johnston, who, as commander of the Department of North Virginia, was still General Jackson's immediate superior, constantly instructed him and General Ewell, in his despatches to them, to observe these two injunctions: If General Banks moved hisroposed that if Jackson, under whose immediate orders he was, as ranking Major-General, would assume the responsibility of detaining him until a remonstrance could be uttered against his removal, he would remain. The contingency under which General Johnston had authorized him to leave the Valley had not yet occurred; and the discretion which their general instructions conceded to General Jackson, for regulating his movements according to circumstances, authorized such an exercise of power. It
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 16: second Manassa's. (search)
ich had gathered during the night was descending in a comfortless rain, drenching the ghastly dead, the miserable wounded, and the weary victors. The soldiers of Jackson arose from the ground stiffened with the cold, and after devoting a few hours to refreshment, resumed the march, while those of Longstreet remained to bury the dead and collect the spoils. Stuart had reported that he found the enemy rallied upon the heights of Centreville, commanding the Warrenton turnpike, where General Joseph E. Johnston had constructed a powerful line of works, the first winter of the war, which were capable of defence either in front or rear. Here the fragments of Pope, supported by large reinforcements from the army of McClellan, again showed a front against the pursuers. Jackson was therefore directed to turn this position, and compel the retreat of the enemy from it without a battle. To effect this, he crossed the Bull Run at Sudley, and marching northward by a country road, came the next
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 17: the campaign in Maryland. (search)
ms to the prisoners, although they had placed themselves at his will. The officers were dismissed with their side-arms and personal effects, upon their parole; and wagons, with horses, lent them to remove their baggage to the Federal lines. The privates also, were disarmed, and released upon parole. The force of General Lee was too small to permit, at this critical hour, the detachment of men to conduct them into the interior. This magnificent capture confirmed the judgment of General Joseph E. Johnston, who decided in 1861 that Harper's Ferry was an untenable position for a garrison menaced by a large army. The only resource for the Federal commander, when he saw his enemies approaching, was a retreat to the Maryland Heights. These commanded the Loudoun Heights, as they, in turn, commanded the village. He should have retreated thither at the beginning with his light artillery, destroyed his stores, and broken up the bridges between himself and Harper's Ferry. That place would
Chapter 12: settling to the real work. Regulars of the States Virginia sentiment unanimity of purpose Lee and Johnston Esprit de corps Centering on Virginia varied Types of different States the Marylanders at the South mixed equipments and Properties doubtful points Norfolk to Manassas where the battle grounm her borders, had promptly resigned and tendered their swords and services to her governor. Robert E. Lee — with his great family influence and connection-Joseph E. Johnston, Magruder, Stuart, and a host of others whose names shine bright in the annals of war, had even anticipated the formal act of secession; and its passage fouto keep it; the name of Jackson, the Martyr, became a war-cry, and the bloody tracks of Manassas How that oath was kept can tell! On the 23d of May, Joseph E. Johnston received his commission as General in the Regular Army, and went to Harper's Ferry in command of all troops in that region-known as the Army of the Shenando
on-to-richmond! Clangor the southern pulse Beware of Johnston's Retreats I Bull run the day before Manassas waiting! nts of discipline, like hounds in the leash. When General Johnston took command of the Army of the Shenandoah at Harper'ening Winchester, at which point he would be able to cut Johnston's supplies and at the same time effect his desired junctiellan. To prevent this, about the middle of June, General Johnston evacuated Harper's Ferry, destroying the magazines an in his front-declared to be a real movement; warning General Johnston that the blow was at last to fall in earnest. This wo join Beauregard. Well did General Scott say, Beware of Johnston's retreats; for-whatever the country may have thought of ewn the ground for miles with the slain and spoils! Then Johnston had met the enemy at Winchester and, after oceans of blooe-too far from his base, sir! He'll amuse Beauregard and Johnston while they sweep down on Magruder. I want my orders for
nd it; the fortifications were perfectly uncovered and their small garrisons utterly demoralized by the woe-begone and terrified fugitives constantly streaming by them. The triumphant legions of the South were almost near enough for their battle-cry to be heard in the Cabinet; and the southern people could not believe that the bright victory that had perched upon their banners would be allowed to fold her wings before another and bloodier flight, that would leave the North prostrate at her feet. Day after day they waited and — the wish being father to the thought-day after day the sun rose on fresh stories of an advance---a bloody fight — a splendid victory-or the capture of Washington. But the sun always set on an authoritative contradiction of them; and at last the excitement was forced to settle down on the news that General Johnston had extended his pickets as far as Mason's and Munson's hills, and the army had gone into camp on the field it had so bloodily won the week befo
Chapter 16: the Spawn of lethargy. Reaction of sentiment conflicting ideas about inaction popular wish for aggressive war sentiment settles to fact Mr. Davis' attitude to Johnston and Beauregard after-battle confusion strategic reasons inaction breeds grave discontent effect on the army sober second thought Government use of the lull bombast and sense a glance North the western outlook John B. Floyd. Considering the surroundings, it seems inevitable that the lull after the first great victory should have been followed by reaction, all over the South; and that reasons — as ridiculous as they were numerousshould have been assigned for inaction that appeared so unwarranted. Discontent-at first whispered, and coming as the wind comethgradually took tongue; and discussion of the situation grew loud and varied. One side declared that the orders for a general advance had been already given, when the President countermanded them upon the field, and sent orders by
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