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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 342 4 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4. 333 11 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 292 10 Browse Search
Edward Alfred Pollard, The lost cause; a new Southern history of the War of the Confederates ... Drawn from official sources and approved by the most distinguished Confederate leaders. 278 8 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 277 5 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 267 45 Browse Search
Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 263 15 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 3: The Decisive Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 252 0 Browse Search
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary 228 36 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 228 22 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller). You can also browse the collection for Joseph E. Johnston or search for Joseph E. Johnston in all documents.

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ld. But we have the portrait of Brady himself three days later in his famous linen duster, as he returned to Washington. His story comes from one who had it from his own lips: He [Brady] had watched the ebb and flow of the battle on that Sunday morning in July, 1861, and seen now the success of the green Federal troops under General McDowell in the field, and now the stubborn defense of the green troops under that General Jackson who thereby earned the sobriquet of Stonewall. At last Johnston, who with Beauregard and Jackson, was a Confederate commander, strengthened by reenforcements, descended upon the rear of the Union troops and drove them into a retreat which rapidly turned to a rout. The plucky photographer was forced along with the rest; and as night fell he lost his way in the thick woods which were not far from the little stream that gave the battle its name. He was clad in the linen duster which was a familiar sight to those who saw him taking his pictures during t
ramatic scene was taken on a July day after the photographer's own heart — clear and sunny. The Fort is at the end of Peach Tree Street, Atlanta, to the north of the city. Sherman had just taken possession, and the man at the left is a cavalryman of his forces. The mire-caked wheels of the guns show that they have been dragged through miles and miles of muddy roads. The delays Sherman had met with in his advance on Atlanta resulting in constant and indecisive fighting without entrapping Johnston, had brought about a reaction at the North. A large party wished to end the war. Election Day was approaching. Lincoln was a presidential candidate for the second time. He had many enemies. But the news of Sherman's capture of Atlanta helped to restore confidence, and to insure the continuation of the administration pledged to a vigorous prosecution of the war. A striking war photograph of 1863: artillery regulars before Chancellorsville The introduction on page 30, Photographin
uipped; there was no want of arms, food, raiment, ammunition, or medical care. Everything an army could have the Federal forces had to overflowing. On the other hand the Southern army was starved of all necessaries, not to speak of the luxuries which the abounding North poured forth for its men in the field. The South was in want of many of these necessaries even in the beginning of the war; toward the end it was in want of all. It was because of this want that it had to yield. General Joseph E. Johnston, writing General Beauregard in 1868, said truly: We, without the means of purchasing supplies of any kind, or procuring or repairing arms, could continue this war only as robbers or guerillas. The Southern army finally melted away and gave up the fight because it had arrived at the limit of human endurance through the suffering which came of the absolute want brought by the blockade. Some few historians have recognized and made clear this fact, notably General Charles Francis A
herman, for instance, crossed the Chattahoochee, which was held by Johnston, in 1864, in the same way that Alexander crossed the Hydaspes in t between the fractions of the Confederate army under Pemberton and Johnston. He then turned back again toward the Mississippi, drove Pembertoas quite certain to be surrendered, instead of joining forces with Johnston to oppose Grant in the interior. The same point is illustrated of Washington, McClellan insisted on attacking Richmond instead of Johnston's army. His plan resulted in the transfer of his army to the Penif. His strategy creates a suspicion that it was designed to force Johnston to retreat and to relinquish territory. There was an idea that JoJohnston would not give up Dalton, which he had strongly fortified, but Sherman's heavy turning movement against his rear forced him to retreat The same strategy continued until Atlanta was reached, and still Johnston's army was undefeated, while Sherman had weakened his army by guar
t Richmond and asked that he be reenforced by Johnston's army. As we have seen, General Scott hadValley. He had even advised McDowell that if Johnston joins Beauregard he shall have Patterson on he 20th. In the Indian wars of Jackson's time Johnston had served his country; like McDowell and Beaonfederate left wing, Generals Beauregard and Johnston were planning an aggressive movement against d by Colonel Evans. As Evans' men fell back, Johnston deemed the situation critical. The remains an army. Meanwhile, Generals Beauregard and Johnston had remained at the right of their line, nearknown as Stonewall Jackson. Beauregard and Johnston found it a herculean task to rally the fleeind through the Union ranks, Johnston has come, Johnston has come! and there was terror in the cry. They did not know that Johnston, with two-thirds of his army, had arrived the day before; but it was e of Bull Run. It is a moot question whether Johnston's victorious troops could ever have reached t[9 more...]
oes not the army move? Across the country, thirty miles away, at Manassas, is the Confederate army, flushed with its July victory, under the command of General Joseph E. Johnston. It was the 8th of March, 1862. As the Union army looked toward Manassas, down along the horizon line, clouds of smoke were seen ascending. It was from the burning huts. The Confederates were abandoning Manassas. Johnston was evacuating his camp. The next day orders came for the Army of the Potomac to move. Through the morning mists was heard the bustle of activity. Across the Long Bridge the troops took up the line of march, the old structure shaking under the tread ofYork was Gloucester, also strongly fortified and garrisoned. The force defending the line comprised eleven thousand men, soon to be augmented by the army of General Johnston, who was assigned to the chief command on the Peninsula. At Lee's Mills General Smith, of Keyes' corps, sent to make a reconnaissance by General McClellan
s were partly submerged by the swollen stream. After General Johnston was wounded, General G. W. Smith was in command durina panic had seized the people. As the retreating army of Johnston sought the environs of Richmond and news of the invading probable capture of the city. But it was not a fear that Johnston would not fight. The strategic policy of the Southern genot escape the eagle eye of the Confederate general, Joseph E. Johnston, who believed the time had now come to give battle, tenant J. B. Washington, C. S. A., who was an aide to General Johnston at Fair Oaks. Beside him sits Lieutenant George A. Ceces makes terrible havoc in the opposing ranks. In vain Johnston sends against this battery his best troops — those of Sous' flaming front. Their lines were re-forming. General Joseph E. Johnston himself had immediate command. President Jeffer oaks, indicating a diligent search for the wounded. General Johnston ordered his troops to sleep on the field. A few minu
movements from the Valley, so soon to result in their repulse — Richardson's entrenchments south of Fort Sumner Men Jackson could afford to lose: Confederate prisoners captured in the Shenandoah These two hundred Confederate soldiers captured the day after Stonewall Jackson's victory at Front Royal, were an insignificant reprisal for the damage done to the Federal cause by that dashing and fearless Confederate leader. When Richmond was threatened both by land and water in May, 1862, Johnston sent Jackson to create a diversion and alarm the Federal capital. Rushing down the Valley of the Shenandoah, his forces threatened to cut off and overwhelm those of General Banks, who immediately began a retreat. It became a race between the two armies down the Valley toward Winchester and Harper's Ferry. Forced marches, sometimes as long as thirty-five miles a day, were the portion of both during the four weeks in which Jackson led his forces after the retreating Federals, engaging
Army of the Potomac was acclimating itself to a Virginia summer. The whole face of the country for weeks had been a Johnston and Lee — a photograph of 1869. These men look enough alike to be brothers. They were so in arms, at West Point, in Mexico and throughout the war. General Joseph E. Johnston (on the left), who had led the Confederate forces since Bull Run, was wounded at Fair Oaks. That wound gave Robert E. Lee (on the right) his opportunity to act as leader. After Fair Oaks, JoJohnston retired from the command of the army defending Richmond. The new commander immediately grasped the possibilities of the situation which confronted him. The promptness and completeness with which he blighted McClellan's high hopes of reaching Whatever the outcome of the Seven Days Battle another year was to demonstrate beyond question that the wounding of General Johnston at Fair Oaks had left the Confederate army with an even abler commander. On such a field as Chancellorsville was to
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
n, Va. Union, Army of Potomac, Gen. Geo. B. McClellan. Confed., Army commanded by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. April 6-7, 1862: Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. Union, Army of Western Tenned, 12 wounded. May 4, 1862: evacuation of Yorktown, Va. By Confederate Army under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. May 5, 1862: Lebanon, Tenn. Union, 1st, 4th, and 5th Ky. Cav., Detachment of 7ths, Army of the Potomac. Confed., Gen. James Longstreet's, Gen. D. Hill's Division of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army, J. E. B. Stuart's Cavalry Brigade. Losses: Union 456 killed, 1,400 wounde, 2d Corps, 3d Corps, and 4th Corps, Army of the Potomac. Confed., Army commanded by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, as follows: Gen. James Longstreet's Division; Gen. D. H. Hill's Division; Gen. BenjamiGenerals O. O. Howard, Naglee, and Wessells wounded. Confed. Brig.-Gen. Hatton killed, Gen. J. E. Johnston and Brig.-Gen. Rodes wounded, Brig.-Gen. Pettigrew captured. June, 1862. June 3, 18