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other points, in order to concentrate a large army for its relief. But finding that the rebel works were too strong to be carried by assault, he commenced regular siege operations, guarding, by a strong force in his rear, against the advance of Johnston, who was collecting all the troops he could for the relief of the beleaguered city. The operations of this force in the rear, under the immediate command of Sherman, were brilliant and effectual. The country, for a great distance, was stripped of supplies, and every important point was guarded, so that Johnston was unable to make any successful movement. The siege operations, in the mean time, progressed with vigor. By the disposition of Grant's forces, and the activity of the gunboats on the river, Vicksburg was completely cut off from supplies and reenforcements. The Union army slowly but surely advanced, siege guns were mounted, and the rebel fortifications and the city were continually shelled. The approaches at last reached
ean time Sherman had made his brilliant and successful campaign to Atlanta, and by strategy and hard fighting had driven Johnston into that place to be deprived of his command. By strategy he had forced Hood, Johnston's successor, out of Atlanta, anJohnston's successor, out of Atlanta, and captured the town. Then sending Thomas with sufficient force back to Nashville to punish the rashness of Hood, he had cut loose from his base, and made his great march from Atlanta to the sea; and, under orders from Grant, was on his more difficult but no less successful march through the Carolinas, where Johnston, restored to command by the despair of the rebel leaders, was vainly preparing to resist him. Spring opened, and the auspicious moment for which Grant had anxiously waited was at haf the James threatened Richmond on the south-east, and the army of the Potomac, south of Petersburg, and between Lee and Johnston, only waited for his orders to commence the battle, or series of battles, which should overthrow the hard-pressed rebel
Chapter 9: Sherman's Indiscretion. his Negotiations with Johnston disapproved. Grant sent to assume direction of Sherman's movements. his influence with Sherman, and his friendship for him. the most successful General of the age.and confidence of the army. The surrender of Lee was soon followed by like submission of the other rebel armies. But Johnston, under instructions from the fugitive rebel government, attempted to gain from Sherman what Lee had failed to obtain frolement of civil as well as military matters. Sherman, less prudent than Grant, and anxious to secure peace, agreed with Johnston upon terms which confessedly exceeded his authority, and which assumed to settle some political questions contrary to thnds the fruits of his brilliant operations, and giving him the entire credit of enforcing and receiving the surrender of Johnston. The great achievements by which he crushed the rebellion, and put an end to one of the fiercest wars of modern times
ot uncover Washington, and leave it a prey to the enemy? I reckon so, replied the general, indifferently, discharging a cloud of smoke, perhaps to conceal a quiet smile. The visitor, encouraged, again asked, Do you not think Lee can detach a sufficient force from his army to reenforce Beauregard, and overwhelm Butler? Not a doubt of it, replied Grant, promptly. The stranger, finding that his views were so readily accepted by Grant, asked again, Is there not danger, general, that Johnston may come up from Carolina and reenforce Lee, so that with overwhelming numbers he can swing round and cut off your communications and seize your supplies? Very likely, coolly replied the general, knocking the ashes from his cigar. The stranger, alarmed at all these dangers admitted by the general, and amazed at his indifference and stolidity, hurried away to startle the timid with a vivid account of the critical position of affairs. Such was Grant's reticence while conducting the war