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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 3 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gomez, Maximo (search)
t once became a bitter enemy of Spain, left the Spanish army, and settled down as a planter; but when the Ten Years War broke out in 1868 he joined the insurgents and received a command from the Cuban president Cespedes. Along with the latter and General Agramonte, he captured Jugnani, Bayamo, Tunas, and Holguin. He also took Guaimaro, Nuevitas, Santa Cruz, and Maximo Gomez. Cascorro, and fought in the battles of Palo Sico and Las Guasimas. Later he invaded Santa Clara and defeated General Jovellar. He was promoted to the rank of major-general, and when General Agramonte died succeeded him as commander-in-chief. When Gen. Martinez Campos was sent to Cuba in 1878 and succeeded in persuading the Cuban leaders to make terms of peace, General Gomez withdrew to Jamaica, refusing to remain under Spanish rule. Subsequently he went to San Domingo, where he lived on a farm until the beginning of the revolution in 1895. When Jose Marti, who had been proclaimed president of the new revo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Martinez-Campos, Arsenio 1834-1877 (search)
Morocco and Cuba, and returned to Spain, with the rank of brigadier-general, in 1870, and took part in putting down the Carlist insurrection. Later he declared against the republic and was imprisoned as a conspirator, but after requesting to serve in the Liberal army he was set free, and given the command of a division under Concha. He took part in the battles of Los Munecas and Galdames, and raised the siege of Bilbao. Returning to Madrid he espoused the cause of Alfonso XII., and with Jovellar succeeded in placing the royal heir on the throne. He was next sent into the disturbed territory of Catalonia, which he pacified in less than a month. In 1876 he ended the civil war by defeating Don Carlos at Peña de la Plata, for which he Arsenio Martinez-Campos. was appointed a captain-general. In the following year he was ordered to Cuba, to combat the insurrection, and brought about a cessation of hostilities by pledging the Cubans a more liberal government. This pledge he made