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Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 53 5 Browse Search
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 40 4 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 31. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 39 11 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 36 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 24 0 Browse Search
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary 21 17 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 17 7 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 14 0 Browse Search
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee 13 1 Browse Search
D. H. Hill, Jr., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 4, North Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 13 1 Browse Search
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rushing towards Centreville for safety, only arrived in time to learn that our troops were advancing on the village, and that Blenker's and other reserve corps, unable to withstand the pressure, were rushing towards Washington. For miles around clouds of smoke and dust obscured the landscape, while the rattle of musketry and the cheers of Jones's brigade, as they, rushing into the deserted camps, and seizing upon the artillery, only added additional fears to the horror-stricken multitude. Kemper's and Beckham's batteries, on our left, also pursued the enemy, and kept up such a destructive fire upon them, that at many points of the road, wagons, artillery, caissons, ambulances, and carriages were jammed in masses, and thus barricaded the roads. At these points the fugitives took to the fields and woods, throwing away their arms and accoutrements, and whatever might impede flight. Even the sick and wounded were dragged from ambulances, and their places taken by red-legged Zouaves; a
else was thought of in the whole South but artillery! artillery! That spirit, said Robins, was infused by the early exploits of the Washington Artillery Corps, Kemper's battery, and other organizations; and I must confess the efficiency of volunteers in that arm is surprising. Kemper's battery and the New-Orleans Artillery nevKemper's battery and the New-Orleans Artillery never fired other than blank cartridges before Bull Run and Manassas; yet such was their precision that the enemy frequently withdrew disabled and humbled — I mean the Federal regulars. I cannot help thinking that the enthusiasm and pluck of our boys have much to do with it. Being accustomed to arms from infancy, they are excellent judges of distance, and will travel all day to witness fine shooting. The first shots fired by Kemper at Bull Run completely smashed up Porter's artillery, and threw their reserves into utter confusion. Besides, those in artillery service are young, active, wiry fellows, and jump about the pieces with the suppleness of cats, dra
the fire of barrel after barrel from a Federal cavalryman within ten paces of him, but fortunately sustained no injury. Having failed in this charge the enemy did not attempt another; the lines remained facing each other, and skirmishing, while the long thunder of the artillery beyond, indicated the hotter struggle of Cemetery Hill. Pickett's Virginians, we afterwards knew, were making their wild charge at that moment: advancing into that gulf of fire from which so few were to return; Kemper was being shot down; Armistead was falling as he leaped his horse over the Federal breastworks — the fate of Gettysburg was being decided. Night settled down, and still ignorant of the result, Stuart rode along the whole front where the sharpshooters were still firing. In the yard of a house there was a dead man lying, I remember, in a curious position — as men killed in battle often doand another blue sharpshooter, who had been summoned to advance and surrender, was staggering up with
ar before; an absolute rout was only saved the Federals by falling back to the reserve under Franklin, when the retreat became more orderly, as there was no pursuit. The solid fruits of the victory were the annihilation of all the plans of the gong-sounder, and the complete destruction of the new Onto-Richmond; the capture of over 7,000 prisoners-paroled on the field-and his admitted total loss of 28,000 men. New glories, too, shone around the names of Lee, Jackson, Longstreet, Hood, Kemper and Jenkins; and the efficient aid and splendid fighting of the cavalry of Stuart, Hampton and Bev Robinson, here proved that arm to have reached its point of highest efficiency. The heart of the South, still throbbing with triumph after the Seven Days and their bright corollary of Cedar Mountain, went up in one wild throb of joyous thanksgiving. So satisfied were the people of the sagacity of their leaders and the invincible valor of their troops; so carried away were they by the splen
irits of the people; down to a depth of despairing gloom, only the deeper from the height of their previous exultation. The dark cloud from Gettysburg rolled back over Richmond, darkened and made dense a hundred fold in the transit. The terrible carnage of that field was exaggerated by rumor. Pickett's gallant division was declared annihilated; it was believed that the army had lost 20,000 men; and it was known that such priceless blood as that of Garnett, Pettigrew, Armistead, Pender, Kemper, Semmes and Barksdale had sealed the dreadful defeat. It only needed what came the next day, to dash the last drop from the cup of hope the people still tried to hold to their lips; and that was the news of the fall of Vicksburg, on the 4th of July. And out of the thick darkness that settled on the souls of all, came up the groan of inquiry and blame. Why had the campaign failed? they asked. Why had General Lee been forced into battle on ground of the enemy's choosing? Why had h
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 8: commands the army defending Richmond, and seven days battles. (search)
should get to Pope first-the Army of Northern Virginia or the Army of the Potomac. The movements of the Southern general had been delayed because he did not desire to risk the detachment of too many troops from Richmond lines until he had a reasonable confidence that McClellan's offensive operations were at an end. Four days after Jackson's fight he determined to transfer the theater of action to Pope's front, and accordingly ordered Major-General Longstreet, with ten brigades, commanded by Kemper, Jenkins, Wilcox, Pryor, Featherstone, D. R. Jones, Toombs, Drayton, and Evans, to Gordonsville, and on the same day Hood, with his own and Whiting's brigades, was sent to the same place. Two days afterward-namely, August 15th-General Lee proceeded in person to join Longstreet and Jackson. He was distressed at being deprived of the services of Richmond, his cheval de bataille, in the approaching campaign. His favorite riding mare was a sorrel called Grace Darling. When the war began he h
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 12: Gettysburg. (search)
t last formed: Pickett's division of three brigades, five thousand men, was formed in two lines, Kemper on the right, Garnett on his left, and Armistead in the rear. Hill's troops-six small brigades-ittsburg road, but rather diagonally to the Union position at the contemplated point of attack. Kemper's right was one thousand eight hundred and sixty yards distant from it, while Pettigrew prolongethe line somewhat en echelon. Pickett's first formation was in one line, Armistead, Garnett, and Kemper from left to right. Garnett's troops were twenty yards only in rear of Wilcox's brigade of Andexcept one, killed or wounded, while their route was red with the blood of their dead and dying. Kemper had been shot down, Garnett killed within twenty-five yards of the stone wall, while Armistead a, Barksdale, and Semmesand nine wounded, viz., Hood, Hampton, Heth, J. M. Jones, G. T. Anderson, Kemper, Scales, and Jenkins. Meade showed no disposition to assume the offensive after Pickett's re
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Index. (search)
General Joseph E., mentioned, 9, 38, 47, 48, 54, 101, 104, 110, III, 116, 132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 146, 147, 148; promoted, 133; wounded, 149; praised, 369; to oppose Sherman, 372; letter to Mrs. Lee, 416. Johnston, Peter, mentioned, 9. Jones, General J. R., wounded, 212- 214. Jones, General W. E., mentioned, 219, 224, 241. Kautz's cavalry expedition, 364. Kearney, General, Philip, 34, 196. Kelly's Ford, 187. Kelton, General, 197. Keith, Rev., John, 26. Kemper, General, wounded at Gettysburg, 296. Kershaw's division in the Valley, 353- Kershaw, General, captured, 385. Keyes, General E. D., 140, 145. Kilpatrick's cavalry, 266, 270, 315; raid on Richmond, 323. King's division, 191, 192, 193. Kossuth, General, Louis, 423. Lacy House, 229. Lacy, Rev. Dr. B. T., 246. Lafayette, Marquis, 10. La Haye, Sainte, 420. Last cavalry engagement, 393. Latane, Captain, killed, 153. Lawton, General, 130. League of Gileadites, 75. Ledli
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, July, 1863. (search)
If the enemy or their general had shown any enterprise, there is no saying what might have happened. General Lee and his officers were evidently fully impressed with a sense of the situation; yet there was much less noise, fuss, or confusion of orders than at an ordinary fieldday; the men, as they were rallied in the wood, were brought up in detachments, and lay down quietly and coolly in the positions assigned to them. We heard that Generals Garnett and Armistead were killed, and General Kemper mortally wounded; also, that Pickett's division had only one field-officer unhurt. Nearly all this slaughter took place in an open space about one mile square, and within one hour. At 6 P. M. we heard a long and continuous Yankee cheer, which we at first imagined was an indication of an advance; but it turned out to be their reception of a general officer, whom we saw riding, down the line, followed by about thirty horsemen. Soon afterwards I rode to the extreme front, where there
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 29 (search)
est and bring to summary punishment all who shall in any way offend against the orders on this subject. R. E. Lee, General. We have no additional news from the battle-field, except the following dispatch from Winchester: Our loss is estimated at 10,000. Between 3000 and 4000 of our wounded are arriving here to-night. Every preparation is being made to receive them. Gens. Scales and Pender have arrived here wounded, this evening. Gens. Armistead, Barksdale, Garnett, and Kemper are reported killed. Gens. Jones, Heth, Anderson, Pettigrew, Jenkins, Hampton, and Hood are reported wounded. The Yankees say they had only two corps in the fight on Wednesday, which was open field fighting. The whole of the Yankee force was engaged in the last three days fighting. The number — is estimated at 175,000. The hills around Gettysburg are said to be covered with the dead and wounded of the Yankee Army of the Potomac. The fighting of these four days is regarded as t
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