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sburg. Our loss was fearful. We have heard of no casualties except in general officers. General Richard Garnett, our friend and connection, has yielded up his brave spirit on a foreign field. He was shot through the head while standing, on the fortifications, encouraging his men and waving them on to the fight. How my heart bleeds to think of his hoary-headed father, of whom he was the stay! General Barksdale, of Mississippi, is another martyr. Also General Armstead, of Virginia. Generals Kemper and Pender wounded. I dread to hear of others. Who of our nearest kin may have ceased to live? When I think of probabilities and possibilities, I am almost crazy. Some of our men are reported wounded and in the enemy's hands. They took many prisoners. The cars are rushing up and down with soldiers. Two trains with pontoons have gone up within the last two days. What does it all portend? July 12, 1863. The enemy is again before Charleston. Lord, have mercy on the efforts o
to Newbern. All quiet on the Rapidan. Six steamers have run the blockade within a few days, laden with ammunition, etc. Surely God is with us. It is a delightful thing to contemplate that so many of our officers of high position, who are leading and giving an example to our soldiers, should be God-fearing men; from the President and General Lee down, I believe a majority of them are professing Christians. On Sunday I saw General R. Ransom (who has lately been put in command here) and General Kemper, who has just recovered from the wound received at Gettysburg, both at the communiontable. On Saturday our President had a most heart-rending accident in his family. His little son was playing on the backportico, fell over, and was picked up apparently lifeless. Both parents were absent, nor did they get home in time to see their child alive. The neighbours collected around him, physicians were immediately called in, but the little fellow could not be aroused; he breathed for abou
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Appendix B. (search)
h Virginia. Sixth Brigade. Colonel J. A. Early. 13th Mississippi. 4th South Carolina. 7th Virginia. 24th Virginia. Holmes's Reserve Brigade. Brigadier-General T. H. Holmes. 2d Tennessee. 1st Arkansas. Walker's Battery. Troops not brigaded. 7th Louisiana Infantry. 8th Louisiana Infantry. Hampton Legion (South Carolina) Infantry. 30th Virginia Cavalry. Harrison's Battalion Cavalry. Independent Companies (ten) Cavalry. Washington (Louisiana) Battalion Artillery. Artillery. Kemper's Battery Loudoun Battery. Latham's Battery. Shields's Battery. Camp Pickens Companies. Army of the Shenandoah (Johnston's Division), June 30, 1861. from return of that date. Brigadier-General Joseph E. Johnston. First Brigade. Colonel T. J. Jackson. 2d Virginia Infantry. 4th Virginia Infantry. 5th Virginia Infantry. 27th Virginia Infantry. Pendleton's Battery. Second Brigade. Colonel F. S. Bartow. 7th Georgia Infantry. 8th Georgia Infantry. 9th Georgia Infantry.
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 24 (search)
th Illinois, Major Hicks commanding, was deployed as skirmishers on the left and in continuation of Grose's skirmish line, and moved in conjunction with them. We moved forward, conforming to the movements of Grose's brigade; the Fortieth Ohio was in advance of the column. While advancing across a marsh under a heavy fire, which swept the whole length of the column, Captain Matchett, commanding Fortieth Ohio, was wounded so as to disable him, and the command of that regiment devolved on Captain Kemper. On entering an open field near the enemy's position, General Wood took the responsibility of directing me .to throw three regiments into line and ordering a charge to the crest of the ridge in our front, which would give us a fine position, either for offensive or defensive movements. The charge was made under a storm of shot and shell, and a barricade was instantly thrown up on the crest of the ridge out of such materials as could be gathered on the ground. In gaining and holding t
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 26: the gun-boats in the James River-battle of seven Pines. (search)
o that effect to Major-General D. H. Hill. The forward movement began about two o'clock, and our skirmishers soon became engaged with those of the enemy. The entire division of General Hill became engaged about three o'clock, and drove the enemy back, gaining possession of his abatis and part of his intrenched camp, General Rodes, by a movement to the right, driving in the enemy's left. The only reinforcements on the field, in hand, were my own brigades, of which Anderson's, Wilcox's, and Kemper's were put in by the front on the Williamsburg road, and Colston's and Pryor's by my right flank. At the same time the decided and gallant attack made by the other brigades gained entire possession of the enemy's position, with his artillery, campequipage, etc. Anderson's brigade, under Colonel Jenkins, pressing forward rapidly, continued to drive the enemy till nightfall. The conduct of the attack was left entirely to Major-General Hill. The entire success of the affair is sufficient e
, sir, and galloped off to put it in motion. Soon afterward the gray line emerged from the trees skirting the Emmettsburg road, Garnett's brigade on the left, Kemper's on the right, and Armistead's in the rear of the centre. Garnett had been unwell for several days, and in spite of the excessive heat of the weather, was buttond fired over the heads of the advancing troops. The charge was watched with anxious interest by those of the Confederates not participating. Now Garnett, Kemper, and Armistead are close up to the stone wall, from behind which the enemy are lying and firing; they are over it, and fighting hand to hand over eleven captured lmed by numbers, withdrew. And now the Federals massed upon Pickett's and Trimble's front, and upon their flanks; Garnett and Armistead were both killed, and Kemper badly wounded. The men were falling fast, or yielding themselves to the overwhelming foe, the charge had failed, and the brave survivors of this grand assault re
Johnston, and Gregg, Robertson, William old tige whom his soldiers loved Cabbell; it is easier to specify who was not a brilliant jewel in the gorgeous crown of glory than to name them all. Florida gave Kirby Smith and Anderson and many other gallant and true men. And Old Virginia gave us her Lees, Jackson, Early, Ewell, Pickett, Ed. Johnson, Archer, Heth, Lomax, Dearing, Ashby, Mumford, Rosser, the brothers Pegram; and the gallant men who fell on the heights of Gettysburg, Garnett, Kemper, and Armistead; and Dabney H. Maury, who with 7,600 infantry and artillery held Mobile for eighteen days against General Canby. Had our cause succeeded, Virginia's gallant son would have been promoted to be Lieutenant-General. A. P. Hill, the fierce young fighter, who, famous in many battles, came opportunely from Harper's Ferry to Sharpsburg, beat back Burnside, and saved the flank of Lee's army, but fell at last on the field of Petersburg; from the first hour to his last not only doi
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Causes of the defeat of Gen. Lee's Army at the battle of Gettysburg-opinions of leading Confederate soldiers. (search)
, however, formed my own opinions upon the important battle of Gettysburg, based upon conversations with other officers, including the Commanding-General himself, and the perusal of official reports and histories of both sides. Among the soldiers now living, and who are accessible, and who know most about that campaign on our side, are Lieutenant-Generals Longstreet, Hood, Anderson and Early, and Major-Generals McLaws, Heth, Wilcox and Trimble; General Pendleton, chief of artillery; Generals Kemper, Lane and Scales; and Colonels Taylor, Marshall and Venable, of General Lee's staff Were I writing history, I should like to have the opinions of these officers upon this subject, from which, with the official reports in my possession, I would of course draw and write my own conclusions. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Fitzhugh Lee. Letter from Colonel William Allan, of Ewell's staff. McDoNOUGH School, Owings' Mill, Baltimore county, Md., April 26th, 1877. Re
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Editorial Paragraphs. (search)
Editorial Paragraphs. The safety of our Archives — which are of such great value — has naturally excited a good deal of interest among our friends. We are very fortunate in having, by the action of the Legislature and the kindly courtesy of Governor Kemper, an excellent office on the Library floor of the State Capitol of Virginia. The building is isolated, and under constant guard, and our Archives are as safe as those of the Commonwealth. It would, of course, be better if we had a fire-proof building-plans of building one in connection with the Virginia Historical Society are being discusssed-and we are hoping that the day is not very far distant which shall witness the consummation of our hopes in this regard. But in the meantime, we desire to repeat, our Archives are a much safer place of deposit than a private house. We will as rapidly as possible print rare documents in order to preserve them; and the very best way to preserve the material for our history is to send it
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Second paper by Colonel Walter H. Taylor, of General Lee's staff. (search)
vision continuing the charge without supports, and in the sight of the enemy, was not half so formidable or effective as it. would have been had trees or hills prevented the enemy from so correctly estimating the strength of the attacking column, and our own troops from experiencing that sense of weakness which the known absence of support necessarily produced. In spite of all this, it steadily and gallantly advanced to its allotted task. As the three brigades, under Garnett, Armistead and Kemper, approach the enemy's lines, a most terrific fire of artillery and small-arms is concentrated upon them; but they swerve not — there is no faltering; steadily moving forward, they rapidly reduce the intervening space, and close with their adversaries; leaping the breastworks, they drive back the enemy and plant their standards on the captured guns, amid shouts of victory-dearly won and shortlived victory. No more could be exacted, or expected, of those men of brave hearts and nerves of s
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