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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McDowell's advance to Bull Run. (search)
re nearer equal in that than in any other battle in Virginia.-J. B. F. McDowell's army consisted of 5 divisions, Tyler's First Division, containing 4 brigades (Keyes's, Schenek's, W. T. Sherman's, and Richardson's); Hunter's Second Division, containing 2 brigades (Andrew Porter's and Burnside's); Heintzelman's Third Division, curate an authority as Stonewall Jackson, was before 11:30 A. M., and this is substantially confirmed by Beauregard's official report made at the time. Sherman and Keyes had nothing to do with it. They did not begin to cross Bull Run until noon. Thus, after nearly two hours stubborn fighting with the forces of Johnston, which Generdge, going to the assistance of Hunter. Sherman reported to McDowell on the field and joined in the pursuit of Bee's forces across the valley of Young's Branch. Keyes's brigade, accompanied by Tyler in person, followed across the stream where Sherman forded, but without uniting with the other forces on the field, made a feeble a
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The opposing armies at the first Bull Run. (search)
tured.-editors.] Composition and losses of the Union army. Brig.-Gen. Irvin McDowell. Staff loss: w, 1. (Capt. O. H. Tillinghast, mortally wounded.) First division Brig.-Gen. Daniel Tyler. Staff loss: w, 2. First Brigade, Col. Erasmus D. Keyes 2d Me., Col. C. D. Jameson 1st Conn., Col. G. S. Burnham 2d Conn., Col. A. H. Terry 3d Conn., Col. John L. Chatfield. Brigade loss: k, 19; w, 50; m, 154 = 223. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Robert C. Schenck 2d N. Y. (militia), ail of the forces actually engaged: commands.Officers.Enlisted men. General staff19 First Division, two brigades2845,068 Second Division, two brigades2525,717 Third Division, three brigades3416,891 Total--seven brigades89617,676 Only Keyes's and Sherman's brigades of the four brigades of the First Division crossed Bull Run. The Fifth Division, with Richardson's brigade of the First Division attached, was in reserve at and in front of Centreville. Some of it was lightly engaged
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 14: Manassas. (search)
heels. With this understanding, the movement was ordered to begin a week from that day. The enterprise did not escape the usual fate of unforeseen delay; it marks great energy in McDowell that his expedition was only deferred a little over a week beyond the appointed time. On the 16th of July he issued his orders to march that afternoon. His army was organized as follows: First Division, commanded by Tyler: an aggregate of 9,936 men, divided into four brigades, respectively under Keyes, Schenck, Sherman, and Richardson. Second Division, commanded by Hunter: an aggregate of 2,648 men, divided into two brigades, under Porter and Burnside. Third Division, commanded by Heintzelman: an aggregate of 9,777 men, divided into three brigades, under Franklin, Willcox, and Howard. Fourth Division, commanded by Runyon: an aggregate of 5,752 men; no brigade commanders. Fifth Division, commanded by miles: an aggregate of 6,207 men, divided into two brigades, under Blenker
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 15: Bull Run. (search)
tired southward. Avoiding the bridge with its abattis, Tyler led Sherman's and Keyes' brigades across Bull Run half a mile above, where the stream was fordable for course by the firing that they effected a safe junction with Hunter's division, Keyes remaining on the extreme left. They approached the morning's battle-field fromto McDowell, and joined the general pursuit, directing his march to the right. Keyes remained on the left, and under Tyler's personal orders; and thus it turned outhe advancing Union columns had their best co-operation and strongest momentum. Keyes' brigade was advancing on the left toward the Robinson hill. Sherman was movin, with an enfilading fire against Hampton. Toward two o'clock two regiments of Keyes' brigade made a charge up the Robinson hill and drove Hampton out of the tanglell's numbers were now little, if any, superior to the enemy; for the brigade of Keyes was separated from him, working its way southward along Young's Branch in the h
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 16: the retreat. (search)
ad remained in reserve on the morning's battle-field, and, after four hours rest, was yet capable of effective service. Keyes' brigade beyond the hill, on his left, was substantially unharmed. Schenck had an almost fresh brigade at the stone bridrning's conflict, and recrossed Bull Run at the ford, half a mile above the stone bridge, by which they had approached. Keyes' brigade, becoming aware of the general retreat, also returned by that route. These two, with Schenck's brigade, soon re and move against the line of retreat at Centreville. Radford, like Stuart, saw that the retreating brigades of Sherman, Keyes, and Schenck were too formidable to attack; and Bonham, on nearing Centreville, found the brigades of Blenker, Richardsonng, but where they could hear the volleys, see the smoke and dust, and perhaps the occasional manoeuvres of Schenck's and Keyes' brigades. In a certain sense they were under fire, because the long-range shells of the field-pieces rendered even that
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Appendix A. (search)
S. Putnam, Topographical Engineer. Lieutenant George C. Strong, Ordnance Officer. Major A. J. Myer, Signal Officer. Major William F. Barry, 5th Artillery, Chief of Artillery. Major James S. Wadsworth, Volunteer Aid-de-Camp. Majcr Clarence S. Brown, Volunteer Aid-de-Camp. Lieutenant H. W. Kingsbury, 5th Artillery, Aid-de-Camp. Lieutenant Guy V. Henry, Aid-de-Camp. Major Malcolm McDOWELL, Acting Aid-de-Camp. first Division. Brigadier-General Daniel Tyler. First Brigade. Colonel Erasmus D. Keyes. 2d Maine, Colonel Charles D. Jameson. 1st Connecticut, Colonel George S. Burnham. 2d Connecticut, Colonel Alfred H. Terry. 3d Connecticut, Colonel John L. Chatfield. Second Brigade. Brigadier-General Robert C. Schence. 2d New York (militia), Colonel George W. B. Tompkins 1st Ohio, Colonel A. McD. McCook. 2d Ohio, Lieut.-Colonel Rodney Mason. Company E, 2d U. S. Artillery, Captain J. H. Carlisle. Third Brigade. Colonel William T. Sherman. 18th New York, Colonel Isaac
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
e Shenandoah Valley, 162 et seq.; his march to Manassas, 168; in command at Bull Run, 182 et seq.; opinion of, on the battle of Bull Run, 211 Jones, Colonel (of the Massachusetts Sixth), 84 Jones, Lieutenant, 95 K. Kanawha, proposed State of, 146 Kanawha River, the Great, 141; valley, 146 Kane, Marshal, 87, 88 et seq. Kelly, Colonel, 142 et seq. Kentucky, 80; attitude of, with regard to secession, 52, 129 et seq.; Union Legislature of, 130 et seq., 134 Keyes, General E. D., 174 Key's Ferry, Va., 163 L. Laurel Hill, 147, 151 et seq. Lee, General Robert E., 108; appointed to command of Virginia forces, 109; his plans in W. Va., 146; plans of, 169, 170 Leedsville, 151 Leesburg, Va., 163 Lefferts, Colonel, 92 et seq. Letcher, Governor, 82, 91, 109, 141 Lewis' Ford, 176, note Liberty, Mo., United States Arsenal at, 117 Lincoln, Abraham, election of, 4; his progress to Washington, 45 et seq.; his early career, 46; his charact
nt toward the right. When the first brigade of Hunter's command (Burnside's) reached and formed in the open space beyond Bull Run, the rebels at once opened fire with artillery, and soon after with infantry. The national forces received the enemy's fire very steadily, and supported by a battalion of regular infantry, and the first regiment that had crossed from Heintzelman's command, drove the enemy before it, and forced his position at the Stone Bridge. Thus two brigades (Sherman's and Keyes') of Gen. Tyler's Division stationed on the Warrenton road, were enabled to cross, and to drive the right of the enemy, commanded by Gen. Beauregard in person, from the front of the field. The contest then became severe for a position in front and to the right of Stone Bridge but to the left of the ford at Sudley's Springs. Here was a hill with a farm house on it; from behind this hill the enemy's batteries annoyed the Union forces. Upon it, therefore, the attack was pressed very warmly b
isville Journal, November 23. Flour, in Vicksburg, Mississippi, is held at twenty dollars per barrel. The Vicksburg Sun hopes it will be taken, its owners paid a fair market valuation for it, and receive a strong hint to leave the country. --(Doc. 167.) Salutes were fired at various places in the loyal States, in commemoration of the victory at Port Royal, South Carolina. This morning a foraging party, consisting of fifty-seven of the Thirtieth N. V. Volunteers, attached to Gen. Keyes' Brigade in the army of the Potomac, went out to Doolin and Brush's Farm, three miles and a half west of Upton's Hill, Va., to draw away the forage which they had collected and left a day or two before. They took with them five four-horse wagons, and after loading up, Doolin, one of the owners of the farm, invited the men in to dinner. The soldiers foolishly accepted, and more foolishly stacked their arms outside the house, and went in, leaving eight men acting as pickets in the neighbo
ound this car as soon as the Generals were discovered, and commenced hissing, groaning and howling in a manner calculated to give the occupants an impression not altogether favorable to the citizens of the Yankee capital. United States Marshal Keyes, Deputy-Sheriff Jones, and Capt. McKim, Assistant United States Quartermaster, went into the car attended by a number of policemen. They soon appeared with the two Generals, and conducted them to the front of the depot, followed by the crowd, which was rapidly swelling in numbers. The prisoners jumped into a hack in waiting there, and were followed by Marshal Keyes and Col. Cutts. Sheriff Jones mounted the box with the driver. As they drove off, the crowd amused itself by groaning vehemently for Jeff. Davis. The hack was driven rapidly to Union Wharf, where the prisoners and officers went on board the steamer May Queen, and started soon after for Fort Warren. The guard of soldiers did not leave the car in which they had arrived
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