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r, which point commanded our approach for a distance of over a mile. At the east end of the bridge the enemy had also thrown up intrenchments, from which they kept up a constant fire of musketry upon the head of the column. One twelve-pounder and two six-pounders responded to the artillery on Kelley's post until the General was enabled to fully comprehend the enemy's position, when he soon gave the command to charge upon their batteries and intrenchments. The cavalry, under the lead of Capts. Keys and McGhee, dashed across the river, (which was fordable at this point,) while the infantry, under Cols. Mason and De Puy, Lieut.-Col. Kelley, and Major Swearingen, rushed over the bridge to encounter the foe, at the very muzzles of his guns. No sooner did the rebels perceive this movement, than they immediately abandoned their positions, and commenced a precipitate retreat, rushing pell-mell through the town, and directing their flight toward Winchester. General Kelley captured some
attanooga, October 1, 1863. Brigadier-General J. A. Garfield, Chief of Staff: General: I have the honor to submit the following detailed account of the operations of the Twentieth army corps, from the date of constructing the pontoon-bridge over the Tennessee River, at Culperton's Ferry, on the twenty-seventh of August, 1863, until the occupation of Chattanooga by the army of the Cumberland: At four A. M., August twenty-ninth, the pontoons were ready for the construction of the bridge. Keys's brigade of Davis's division of this corps was placed in the boats and crossed to the opposite bank to cover the construction, to drive away the enemy's pickets, and to seize the heights of Sand Mountain. This duty was well performed, and the bridges completed at fifteen minutes past nine P. M. Carlin's brigade, assisted by one hundred officers and men of the Pioneer corps, guarded the, bridge. August thirtieth, General Davis crossed his remaining brigades, concentrating them at the foot
our obedient servant, Thomas Johns, Colonel Second Regiment Potomac Home Brigade; Cincinnati Gazette account. camp Keys, Oct. 28, 1861, Suburbs of Romney, Va. Our camp is called after the gallant commander of the Ringgold Cavalry, Captain Keys. On last Thursday our regiment, the Fourth Ohio, received orders from Gen. Kelley to pack up and move from Fort Pendleton to New Creek, and there join him with other forces in a march upon Romney. We left camp on Friday morning, under comman fully comprehend the enemy's position, and devise the most feasible plan of attack, soon gave the welcome command to charge upon their batteries and intrenchments, when, with shouts, our little force of cavalry, under the lead of the gallant Captains Keys and McGhee, dashed across the river, (which was fordable at this point,) while our equally enthusiastic infantry, under the command of Cols. Mason and De Puy, Lieut.-Col. Kelley, and Major Swearingen, rushed over the bridge to encounter the f
enemy for many minutes devoted their whole energies to her destruction, bomb-shells and rifle balls falling like autumn leaves over and around her. Once we thought a bomb had fallen on her deck. She was almost hid from view by smoke; fortunately it overreached her, causing only a slight disfiguration of her railing. She fired from her little piece two shots at Billy Wilson's batteries, and proceeded on to the Florida camp. eleven O'clock A. M.--The Nelms has arrived at her wharf, and Capt. Keys reports the facts as above stated, except that he is not certain whether it was the sand-batteries or Fort Pickens opened the ball. Whether Billy or Brown, they were in dead earnest. The steamer Time still occupies her position, apparently unhurt. Had the effort been made, it is thought by those on the Nelms she might have got out and come to the city. Of this we will probably learn more when Capt. Wingate comes up. The fleet, consisting of the Colorado and Niagara, it is thought, a
s, a quantity of arms, three hundred and fifty fat hogs, a large number of horses, cattle, wagons, etc. The infantry were routed and entirely dispirited, fleeing to the mountains. Their cavalry were, unfortunately for us, away on an expedition, or our success would have been complete. We burnt their camp and returned to this place this evening. I had with me a detachment of the First New-York cavalry, under the command of Colonel McReynolds, the Ringgold cavalry, under the command of Captain Keys, the Washington cavalry, commanded by Captain Greenfield, Rourk's battery, and three companies of the Twenty-third Illinois infantry, under the command of Major Moore. The infantry companies were carried in wagons. My troops cannot be surpassed for patient endurance on the march or for gallant bearing when in action. Our attack was so unexpected and impetuous that our loss is trifling, three or four men slightly and one severely wounded; none killed. B. F. Kelley, Brigadier-General.
Hole. I then fitted out two armed boats from this vessel, and with the two from the Commodore Perry communicated with Colonel Keys, of the One Hundred and Eighteenth New York volunteers, (at 11.30 P. M.,) who required our assistance in transporting up the Nansemond River to the landing opposite Halloway's Point, at which place I arrived at 9.50 P. M. I there found Colonel Keys, of the One Hundred and Eighteenth New York volunteers, who told me that he intended to cross four hundred (400) troop charge of a Lieutenant of the naval brigade. I immediately sent the Lieutenant with the barges on shore to report to Colonel Keys. I went on shore myself, and again offered to assist in crossing the troops. The Colonel, however, wished to cross tign Arnold Harris arrived here in the army gunboat Brewster, and reported to me that the remainder of the troops under Colonel Keys had been taken to Norfolk, and would not return to recross at Nansemond. I immediately got under way, and proceeded t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baird, Absalom, 1824- (search)
Baird, Absalom, 1824- Military officer; born in Washington, Pa., Aug. 20, 1824; was graduated at West Point in 1849, having studied law before he entered the military academy. He was ordered to Washington, Bainbridge's monument. D. C., in March, 1861, and in May was made assistant adjutant-general. He became aide to General Tyler in the battle of Bull Run, and in November was made assistant inspector-general, with the rank of major. In March, 1862, he became General Keys's chief of staff; and in April he was made brigadier-general of volunterrs, and sent to Kentucky. He commanded a division under General Granger in April, 1863, and was afterwards active in northern Georgia and in the Atlanta campaign. In Sherman's march to the sea he commanded a division of the 14th Army Corps, and also in the advance through the Carolinas. He was brevetted major-general, U. S. A., in March, 1865; promoted brigadier-general and inspector-general in 1885; and retired in 1888.
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Pennsylvania Volunteers. (search)
ton's Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1862. Averill's Cavalry Brigade, Center Grand Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1865. Service. Provost duty at Washington, D. C., till May 10, 1862. (Cos. A, B escort to Gen. Keys December 28, 1861, to February 25, 1862.) Joined McDowell at Fredericksburg May, 1862, and scouting on the Rappahannock till June 14. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula, arriving at White House June 24. Companies A, G, H and K ordered to Yorktown, Va., June 25. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Meadow Bridge near Mechanicsville June 26. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill, Cold Harbor, June 27. Reconnoissance to Bottom's Bridge June 28. Rear guard to Army
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical: officers of civil and military organizations. (search)
honors which were offered, including the position of chief justice of the Supreme court of the State, tendered him by Governor Vance in 1878. In 1889, though in feeble health, he made his last appearance as an orator to pay a tribute to the memory of his departed chief and dear friend, Mr. Jefferson Davis. He died at Wilmington, February 23, 1896. Wade Keys Wade Keys, assistant attorney-general of the Confederate States, was born in 1821, at Mooresville, Alabama, where his father, General Keys, was engaged in business as a merchant in addition to his interests as a planter. He was educated at LaGrange college and the university of Virginia and subsequently entered upon the study of law under the preceptorship of Judge Coleman of Athens. He continued his professional studies at Lexington, Kentucky, and after a tour in Europe, made his home and the theatre of his early professional efforts at Tallahassee, Florida, in 1844. He resided there until 1851, in the meantime publishi
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.30 (search)
ted the camps of Beauregard's army at Manassas. It was my first sight of such a scene. I was with my brother-in-law, Catlett Fitzhugh, and rode horseback about the camps, witnessing the drilling of troops and seeing everything that was to be seen about a large army. General Winfield Scott was too old to command, hence General McDowell was in charge of the United States troops on the 21st with the following brigadiers under him: Generals Burnside, Porter, Wilcox, Franklin, Howard, Sherman, Keys, Schenck, Richardson, Blenkers, and Runyon, while General Beauregard had under him Generals Bonham, D. R. Jones, Longstreet, Hampton, Ewell, and Holmes. General Joseph E. Johnston, who was in charge of the Army of the Shenandoah, reinforced Beauregrrd on the 21st, after a forced march from the Valley of Virginia, his brigadiers being T. J. Jackson, Barnard E. Bee, and E. K. Smith. The twelve companies of cavalry were commanded by Colonel J. E. B. Stuart. In examining my file of papers, th
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