hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 77 1 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition. 16 0 Browse Search
View all matching documents...

Your search returned 93 results in 14 document sections:

1 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bogardus, Everardus, 1633- (search)
lergyman. Bogardus was about to go thither to defend himself on the arrival of Kieft, but the governor and council determined to retain him for the good of souls. dus by his first wife was married in 1642; and it was on that occasion that Governor Kieft procured generous subscriptions for building a new church. At the wedding ployed to build the church, in which Bogardus officiated about four years. When Kieft, in 1643. was about to make war on the Indians, Bogardus, who had been invitedlunder the property of others, to dismiss, to banish, to transport to Holland. Kieft and some of the provincial officers absented themselves from church to avoid further clerical lashings. Kieft encouraged unruly fellows to keep up a noise around the church during the preaching. On one occasion a drum was beaten, a cannon wasf Stuyvesant (1647) he resigned, and sailed for holland in the same vessel with Kieft. He, too, was drowned when the vessel was wrecked in Bristol Channel, Sept. 27
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Democracy in New Netherland. (search)
it of democracy that animated the people. The twelve were the vigorous seeds of that representative democracy which bore fruit in all the colonies more than a century later. Again, when the colony was threatened with destruction by the Indians, Kieft summoned the people into council (September, 1643), who chose eight men as the popular representatives to act with the governor in public affairs. Again when Gov. Peter Stuyvesant (q. v.) found the finances of the colony of New Netherland in sucight select nine as representatives of the tax-payers, and who should form a co-ordinate branch of the local government. He tried to hedge them around with restrictions, but the nine proved to be more potent in promoting popular liberty than had Kieft's twelve. They nourished the prolific seed of democracy, which burst into vigorous life in the time of Jacob Leisler (q. v.). Stuyvesant tried to stifle its growth. The more it was opposed, the more vigorous it grew. Late in the autumn of 16
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dutch West India Company. (search)
s and rituals of the Reformed Church in the United Provinces as the only theological formula to be allowed in public worship in New Netherland. The spirit of popular freedom, which the Dutch brought with them from Holland, asserted its rights under the tyranny of Wilhelm Kieft (q. v.), and a sort of popular assembly was organized at New Amsterdam. Its affairs in New Netherland were necessarily under the direct management of a director-general or governor, whose powers, as in the case of Kieft and Stuyvesant, were sometimes so arbitrarily exercised that much popular discontent was manifested, and their dealings with their neighbors were not always satisfactory to the company and the States-General; yet, on the whole, when we consider the spirit of the age, the colony, which, before it was taken possession of by the English in 1664, was of a mixed population, was managed wisely and well; and the Dutch West India Company was one of the most important instruments in planting the good
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hoboken, massacre at. (search)
tan Island, where they asked the protection of the Dutch. At the same time many of the tribe in lower Westchester fled to Manhattan and took refuge with the Hollanders. The humane De Vries, who had a settlement on Staten Island, proposed to Governor Kieft to make this an occasion for establishing a permanent peace with the Indians, whose anger his cruelties had fearfully aroused. But the man of blood refused; and it was made the occasion of spilling more innocent blood. On a cold night in February, 1643, the fugitives at Hoboken, and those on Manhattan, slumbering in fancied security, were attacked by order of Kieft, without the shadow of an excuse, by armed Hollanders sent by the governor to murder them. Eighty of these Dutchmen were sent across the Hudson stealthily, among floating ice, and fell suddenly upon the stricken families at Hoboken. View of the spring, Hobkirk's Hill. They spared neither age nor sex. Warrior and squaw, sachem and child, mother and babe, were alik
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Netherland. (search)
e people of New Netherland to the authorities in Holland was in October and November, 1643. The savage conduct of Gov. William Kieft (q. v.) towards the surrounding Indians had brought the Dutch colony into great distress because of the hostilities of the barbarians. Kieft, in the extremity of perplexity, had called the people together to consult upon the crisis, and begged them to choose a new popular council They chose eight energetic citizens, who seized the reins of government and preparlege of XIX. at Amsterdam, and on Nov. 3, to the States-General, statements of the sad condition of the colony caused by Kieft's bad conduct Two letters were also sent directly by citizens of New Amsterdam, written in simple but eloquent language. relieve the people, but the corporation was bankrupt and powerless The immediate purpose of the Eight Men was gained, for Kieft was ordered to Holland, and Lubbertus Van Dincklagen, the former sheriff, was appointed provisional governor, until the c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Sweden, founding of (search)
f the Hollanders in New Amsterdam. He waited for some time, until he could ascertain Menuet's purpose; but, when it appeared that he was erecting a fortress for the Swedes, he sent him the following protest: Thursday, May 6, 1638. I, William Kieft, Director-General of the New Netherlands, residing upon the island of Manhattan, in the Fort Amsterdam, under the government belonging to the High and Mighty States-General of the United Netherlands, and the West India Company, chartered byrocedure, and if he intended to stay there. To which he answered evasively, alleging various excuses for his conduct. The third time they found them settled and building a fort. Then we saw their purpose. As soon as he was informed of it, Director Kieft protested against it, but in vain. Thus Peter Menuet made a good beginning for the settlement of the Swedish colony in America. He guarded his little fort for over three years, and the Hollanders neither attempted nor were able to overthr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, colony of (search)
outer Van Twiller, who had married a niece of Killian Van Rensselaer, a rich pearl merchant, and who became a patroon. Van Twiller was stupid, but shrewd, and the colony prospered in spite of him. At the end of four years he was succeeded by William Kieft (q. v.), a spiteful, rapacious, and energetic man, whom De Vries numbered among great rascals. His administration was a stormy one. He exasperated the surrounding Indian tribes by his cruelties, and so disgusted the colonists by his conduct that,. at their request, he was recalled, and sailed for Europe, with ill-gotten wealth, in the spring of 1647, and perished by shipwreck on the shores of Wales. Peter Stuyvesant succeeded Kieft. He was a brave soldier, who had lost a leg in battle, and came to New Netherland from Curacoa, where he had been governor. He was then forty-four years of age, energetic, just, and so self-willed that Washington Irving called him Peter the headstrong. He conciliated the Indian tribes, and system
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
d persons continued in nominal slavery several years later. The revised constitution of the State was adopted November, 1894, materially restricting the proportionate representation of New York and Kings counties. Population in 1890, 5,997,853; in 1900, 7,268,012. See United States, New York, in vol. IX. governors of New York. Under the Dutch. Name.Term. Cornelius Jacobsen May 1624 William Verhulst1625 Peter MinuitMay 4, 1626 to 1633 Wouter Van Twiller April, 1633 to 1638 William KieftMarch 28, 1638 to 1647 Peter Stuyvesant May 11, 1647 to 1664 Under the English. Richard NicollsSept. 8, 1664 to 1668 Francis LovelaceAug. 17, 1668to 1673 Dutch resumed. Anthony Colve1673 to 1674 English resumed. Edmund AndrosNov. 10, 1674 to 1683 Thomas DonganAug. 27, 1683 1688 Francis Nicholson.1688 to 1689 Jacob LeislerJune 3, 1689to 1691 Henry SloughterMarch 19, 1691 Richard IngoldsbyJuly 26, 1691 1692 Benjamin FletcherAug. 30, 1692 1698 Richard, Earl Bellomont1698
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Representative government. (search)
America. See Massachusetts. The germs of representative government were planted in New Netherland when, in 1641, Governor Kieft summoned all the masters and heads of families to meet at Fort Amsterdam to bear with him the responsibility of making an unrighteous war on the Indians. When they met, Kieft submitted the question whether a murder lately committed by an Indian on a Hollander, for a murder committed by a Hollander on an Indian many years before, ought not to be avenged; and, in cen Kuyter, Gerrit Dircksen, George Rapelje, and Abraham Planck —all Hollanders. The action of the twelve was contrary to Kieft's wishes, and he afterwards dissolved the first representative assembly and forbade the assembling of another. An appalling crisis in 1643 caused Kieft to call for popular counsellors, and the people chose eight men to represent them. This second representative assembly consisted of Jochem Pietersen Kuyter, Jan Jansen Dam, Barent Dircksen, Abraham Pietersen, Isaac A
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stuyvesant, Peter 1602-1682 (search)
ongheaded official. He had lost a leg in battle in the West Indies, and, with a wooden one, bound with silver bands, he came to New Netherland as its director-general, or governor, late in May, 1647. He was received with joy as the successor of Kieft. He assumed great dignity; marched from the vessel to the fort with great pomp, and assured the people that justice should rule. He began his administration by the assertion of vice-regal authority, and frowned upon every expression of republican sentiment, declaring it to be treason to petition against one's magistrate, whether there be cause or not. He defended Kieft's conduct in rejecting the interference of the council of twelve (see Kieft, William), saying: If any one, during my administration, shall appeal, I will make him a foot shorter and send the pieces to Holland, and let him appeal in that way. Stuyvesant was an honest despot, and acted wisley. He set about needed reforms with great vigor, and into the community he
1 2