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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- (search)
lined, but thought it a good joke to be introduced to their King. He was then only nineteen years of age. the Victory sailen. They had not met since 1614, a period of 173 years. The King (Louis XVI.) convened them on May 6, 1789. There were 308 n this war the father of Lafayette fell in the cause of his King, but not of his country. He was an officer of an invading ge Washington was armed, a loyal subject, in support of his King; but to him that was also the cause of his country. His coProvence, since successively a royal exile and a reinstated King. The servitude and inaction of a court had no charms for hcomparable to his. Youth, health, fortune; the favor of his King; the enjoyment of ease and pleasure; even the choicest blesy the liberty of returning to Europe, if his family or his King should recall him. Neither his family nor his King were King were willing that he should depart; nor had Mr. Deane the power, either to conclude this contract, or to furnish the means of his
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Las Casas, Bartolome de 1474-1566 (search)
ction of negro slaves to relieve the more effeminate natives. This benevolent proposition gave rise to a lucrative traffic, and a perversion of the purpose of Las Casas, and he obtained from Charles V. a grant of a large domain on the coast of Venezuela, for the purpose of collecting a colony under his own guidance. This project failed, and in 1527 he proceeded to labor as a missionary among the Indians in Nicaragua, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. To reward him for his benevolent labors, his King appointed him bishop of Cuzco, a rich see; he declined it, but accepted that of Chiapa, in Mexico. The Spaniards were offended by his zeal in behalf of the Indians, and an officer of the Spanish Court undertook to justify the conduct of the Spaniards towards the natives. Las Casas, in selfdefence, wrote a work upon the natives, which contained many particulars of the cruelties of the Spanish colonists. It was translated into several European languages, and increased the hostilities of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Le Moyne, 1656-1683 (search)
sist his brother Iberville in Hudson Bay, and brought over emigrants to Louisiana in a squadron to found a colony there. In 1718-19 he surveyed the coasts there, and took part in expeditions against the Spaniards at Pensacola and in Mobile Bay. In 1720 he commanded a ship-of-the-line, and died a rear-admiral of the royal navy. He was also governor of Rochefort at the time of his death, having been appointed in 1723. Antoine, Sieur de Chateaugay, was born in Montreal, July 7, 1683; died in Rochefort, France, March 21, 1747. He belonged to the royal army, and came with colonists to Louisiana in 1704, serving under Iberville there against the English. He was made chief commandant of Louisiana in 1717, and King's lieutenant in the colony and knight of St. Louis in 1718. He was in command of Pensacola in 1719; a prisoner of war for a while afterwards to the Spaniards; governor of Martinique; and, returning to France in 1744, became governor of Ile Royale, or Cape Breton, in 1745.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Liberty, song of (search)
liberty.” Our wives and our babes, still protected, shall know Those who dare to be free shall forever be so; On these arms and these hearts they may safely rely, For in freedom we'll live, or like Heroes we'll die. In Freedom we're born, etc. Ye insolent Tyrants! who wish to enthrall; Ye Minions, ye Placemen, Pimps, Pensioners, all; How short is your triumph, how feeble your trust, Your honor must wither and nod to the dust. In Freedom we're born, etc. When oppress'd and approach'd, our King we implore, Still firmly persuaded our rights he'll restore; When our hearts beat to arms to defend a just right, Our monarch rules there, and forbids us to fight. In Freedom we're born, etc. Not the glitter of arms nor the dread of a fray Could make us submit to their chains for a day; Withheld by affection, on Britons we call, Prevent the fierce conflict which threatens your fall. In Freedom we're born, etc. All ages shall speak with amaze and applause Of the prudence we show in support o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Liberty Poles. (search)
Liberty Poles. The Sons of liberty (q. v.) erected tall flag-staffs, with the Phrygian cap of Liberty on the top, as rallying-places in the open air. They were first erected in cities; afterwards they were set up in the rural districts wherein republicanism prevailed. On the King's birthday, in New York (June 4, 1766), there were great rejoicings on account of the repeal of the Stamp act (q. v.). Governor Sir Henry Moore presided at a public dinner at the King's arms (near the foot of Broadway). On the same day the Sons of Liberty feasted at their headquarters at Montagne's (on Broadway, near Murray Street), and, by permission of the governor, erected a mast (which afterwards they called a liberty pole) between the site of the City Hall and Broadway, in front of Warren Street, on which were inscribed the words, To his most gracious Majesty George Ill., Mr. Pitt, and Liberty. British soldiers were then in the city. The doings of the Sons of Liberty so annoyed the officers of
In 1770 the Russians burned the Turkish fleet in the port of Tchesme, and destroyed the fortifications by the shock of the explosion. In 1804 the loaded catamarans of Fulton were used by the English against the French fleet off Boulogne. But little damage was done. The experiments were repeated again and again against Le Forte Rouge at Calais, 1804 (Fulton blew up the brig Dorothea in Walmer Roads, October, 1805. See Fulton's Torpedo war, and Torpedoes, their invention and use, by W. R. King, U. S. A., 1866, Plates XVIII., XIX.); Rochefort, 1809: the pontoon bridges of the French on the Danube, at Essling; in 1813, by the Austrians in attempting to destroy the bridges across the Elbe at Koenigstein. About 1843 Colonel S. Colt constructed a torpedo with which he blew up a ship in the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River, near the Washington Navy Yard; it is believed that the most important feature of this consisted in the application of electro-magnetism as a means of explodi
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), The civil history of the Confederate States (search)
enturers, determining on political organization of some sort, convened, organized a State government, prohibited slavery by their constitution and prepared to apply for immediate admission into the Union. President Taylor recommended the admission of the State of California, and the continuance of New Mexico under the existing military government. In the Congress of 1848-9 were Clay, Webster, Cass, Benton, Calhoun, Houston, Foote, Douglas, Jefferson Davis, Seward, Chase, Bell, Berrien, W. R. King, Hale, Hamlin, Badger, Butler of South Carolina, Mason, Hunter, Soule, Dodge, Fremont, Toombs, Stephens, and other statesmen of experience and ability to whom may be appropriately added Millard Fillmore, President of the Senate. The question of sectional preponderance came again into hot discussion as suddenly as it had done on former occasions. But the conflict was fiercer and for a time seemed uncontrollable. Slave labor in the new territory was made the main incident of the giganti
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Old South. (search)
ents elected by the people. A remarkable thing is, that all the Southern Presidents were re-elected by the people, except Mr. Polk, and he did not seek a renomination. This fact speaks volumes for the capacity of Southern men for the administration of affairs. Another curious fact is, that every Northern President had associated with him as Vice-President a man from the Old South. Thus, the first Adams had Jefferson, the second Adams had Calhoun, Van Buren had R. M. Johnson, Pierce had W. R. King, and Buchanan had Breckenridge. On the other hand, Jackson served one term as President with a Southern man, Calhoun, as Vice-President Harrison and his associate were both born in Virginia; Lincoln and Johnson were both born in the South. This period of eighty years has been called by the North: The Era of the Domination of the Slave-power. Without raising an objection to the discourteous phraseology, I would simply say that it is an admission that the South had marvelous success in
burning of the carriages. Activity prevails at the garrison, and its vigilant officers are determined on the course that guides their action. Fort Sumter, as viewed at a distance, presents an appearance of lively activity Schooners and barges were plying between the fort and the channel during the day. Everything seems to indicate active preparation. Castle Pinckney was reinforced in the afternoon by a detachment of the Marion Artillery from Fort Moultrie, under the command of Captain King. A detachment of the Washington Light Infantry was transferred from the former to the latter place in the forenoon, thus retaining at Fort Moultrie the same force as first occupied it. The garrison at Castle Pinckney consists of about two hundred men. Ten twenty-four pound cannon are mounted on the ramparts, besides some fifteen pieces — a few of which are case mated — in the lower tier. The work is well provided with munitions of all kinds, and under the command of its field office
st — on the east, burning J. J. Minetree's carriage-house, and a large two-story workshop, occupied by Mr. W. H. Ferguson, coach maker, &c. Yarbrough & Barrow's store, opposite, was rescued by great exertions, but it sustained considerable damage. The flames spread, also, west from the saloon, destroying R. Noble's store, occupied by Joel Thomas, and next to P. J. Brown & Son's and Wm. G. Collins' --lower story occupied by Dr. Edward Lawrence--from thence north, burning T. N. Carliles', Dr. W. R. King, Shaw & White, and greatly endangering the residence of Mrs. H. Shaw. From Collier's corner the devouring element crossed the street, burning to the ground the store of Ballard & Massenburg; also, N., B. Walker's and the Temperance Hall, where its devastations were checked by the almost superhuman efforts of those on hand. In rear of Ballard & Massenburg's was situated Dent's Hotel, which soon, with all the out-houses, became a prey to the rushing elements. All the property d
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