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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
ment of Burnet's Ohio Artillery, under Lieutenant-Colonel Sturgis. Dumont's column was accompanied by the gallant Colonel F. W. Lander, who was then a Volunteer aid on General McClellan's staff, and represented him. the two columns were to March appointed time Dumont's column approached its destination. It was discovered by a woman, who fired a pistol twice at Colonel Lander, who was riding ahead of the column, and then sent her boy to alarm Porterfield. The boy was caught and detained; anupon by Porterfield's pickets. Kelley had not arrived. His long March was a most wearisome one, yet he was not far off. Lander had taken command of the artillery, and fearing Porterfield might escape unhurt, should there be any delay, he ordered thacross the bridge, and carried a fatal panic into the ranks of their opponents. Kelley was hurrying on. The booming of Lander's cannon had invigorated his men. His guide was treacherous, and instead of leading him out from the hills in the rear of
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
er the mountains to Staunton, and the chief highway to Southern Virginia. Pegram boasted that his position could not be turned, because of the precipitous hills on his flanks; but he was mistaken. McClellan sent the Eighth, Tenth, and Thirteenth Indiana Regiments, and the Sixteenth Ohio Regiment, with Burdsall's troop of cavalry, all in light marching order, under the command of Colonel (afterward General) W. S. Rosecrans, to do what Pegram thought impossible. They were accompanied by Colonel Lander, who was with Dumont at Philippi, See page 495. and were piloted by a young man named Hart, son of the owner of the mountain farm on which Pegram was encamped. They started at three o'clock in the morning, July 11, 1861. made a wide detour through the mountains in a heavy rain-storm, along most perilous ways, pathless, slippery, and rough, a distance of about eight miles, and at noon were on the summit of a ridge of Rich Mountain, high above Pegram's camp, and a mile from it. Just a
d actually created an army and begun the first campaign! The first encounter of the war took place at Philippi, a small town two hundred and ten miles from Richmond. On the 2d of June, General Morris determined to endeavor to drive from this town the rebel force there, under Colonel Porterfield. The attacking force consisted of five regiments, formed in two columns,--the first under Colonel Kelley, the second under Colonel Dumont, accompanied by Colonel (afterwards the lamented General) Lander. Colonel Kelley's column moved towards Philippi by way of Thornton, a distance of twenty-seven miles, partly by railroad. The other column moved directly on Philippi in front. This one reached its destination early on the 3d, notwithstanding deep mud and heavy rain, and at once opened fire from two pieces of artillery upon the enemy, who began a retreat, which was turned into a complete rout when Colonel Kelley, (who had been greatly impeded by the state of the roads) came up and joined i
by the Army Regulations, The following is the 26th Article of the Revised Regulations for the Army:-- Deliberations or discussions among any class of military men, having the object of conveying praise or censure or any mark of approbation toward their superiors or others in the military service, . . . are strictly prohibited. Some of the officers examined seemed conscious of the difficult position in which they stood between their duty as subjects and their duty as officers. General Lander, for instance, was asked this question:-- If you will give us your opinion as a military man on that subject [the plan of the campaign], I will be obliged to you. Ans.-- It is against the Army Regulations and laws of Congress to discuss the views and plans of your superior officer. In answering this question, &c.--Report on the Conduct of the War, Part I. p. 160. General Fitz-John Porter was asked,-- Should the army retire into winter quarters, or should it attempt an ent
e order of time, the following letter of the Secretary of War may be appropriately introduced here, as showing his feeling towards General McClellan and the Army of the Potomac:-- War Department, Washington, February 17, 1862. To Brigadier-General F. W. Lander:-- The President directs me to say that he has observed with pleasure the activity and enterprise manifested by yourself and the officers and soldiers of your command. You have shown how; much may be done, in the worst weather andas not to delay the commencement of the operations already directed to be undertaken by the Army of the Potomac. 5th. A Fifth Army Corps, to be commanded by Major-General N. P. Banks, will be formed from his own and General Shields's (late General Lander's) division. Abraham Lincoln. This order was probably of no great practical importance, as it simply anticipated General McClellan's purpose. He had always been in favor of an organization into army corps, but preferred deferring its pr
y Winchester and thoroughly scour the country south of the rail-way and up the Shenandoah Valley. Gen. Banks had already thrown across the Potomac, at Harper's Ferry, Feb. 24. the 28th Pennsylvania, Col. Geary, following himself, Feb. 26. taking possession of Bolivar and Loudon Heights, Leesburg, Charlestown, Feb. 28. and Martinsburg, March 3. and pushing back the Rebels to Winchester, which Stonewall Jackson evacuated March 11. without a struggle. Gen. Shields, commanding Lander's division, Gen. F. W. Lander, one of the bravest and best of our early commanders, had died March 2d, of congestion of tho brain, caused by hardship, exposure, and anxiety. pursued Jackson to Newmarket, March 19. where he found him strongly posted and ready for action. He thereupon fell back rapidly to Winchester, pursued by Jackson's cavalry, under Turner Ashby. Gen. Banks, having dispatched one division toward Centerville, March 22. Jackson's spies assured him that Shields had
23. Rhode Island to the South. by Gen. F. W. Lander. Once on New England's bloody heights, And o'er a Southern plain, Our fathers fought for sovereign rights, That working men might reign. And by that only Lord we serve, The great Jehovah's name; By those sweet lips that ever nerve High hearts to deeds of fame; By all that makes the man a king, The household hearth a throne-- Take back the idle scoff ye fling, Where freedom claims its own. For though our battle hope was vague Upon Manassas' plain, Where Slocum stood with gallant Sprague, And gave his life in vain; Before we yield the holy trust Our old forefathers gave, Or wrong New England's hallowed dust, Or grant the wrongs ye crave-- We'll print in kindred gore so deep The shore we love to tread, That woman's eyes shall fail to weep O'er man's unnumbered dead.
28. poetry by Gen. Lander. The following stanzas were written by Brig.-Gen. Lander, on hearing that the Confederate troops had said that Fewer of the Massachusetts officers would have been killed if they had not been too proud to surrender. We trust that the suggestion in the last stanza will be promptly met, and the Twentieth Massachusetts be at once recruited to its full complement. “ours.” Aye, deem us proud! for we are more Than proud of all our mighty dead; Proud of the bleak Brig.-Gen. Lander, on hearing that the Confederate troops had said that Fewer of the Massachusetts officers would have been killed if they had not been too proud to surrender. We trust that the suggestion in the last stanza will be promptly met, and the Twentieth Massachusetts be at once recruited to its full complement. “ours.” Aye, deem us proud! for we are more Than proud of all our mighty dead; Proud of the bleak and rock-bound shore A crowned oppressor cannot tread. Proud of each rock, and wood, and glen, Of every river, lake, and plain; Proud of the calm and earnest men Who claim the right and will to reign. Proud of the men who gave us birth, Who battled with the stormy wave, To sweep the red man from the earth, And build their homes upon his grave. Proud of the holy summer morn, They traced in blood upon its sod; The rights of freemen yet unborn, Proud of their language and their God. Proud, that b
a shameless act of vandalism on Monday night by plundering the house of a Union man, Mr. Henry, at Alpine Depot, and then burning it to the ground. However, as an offset to this, they consumed with it the store-building of those notorious rebels of Hancock — Bridges & Henderson, who have given the loyal citizens of that place, as they say, more trouble than any enemies on either side of the river. But I anticipate. On Sunday morning a flag of truce was brought over from the rebels to Gen. Lander, who had arrived a few hours previous, coolly demanding the surrender of the town, or its bombardment in an hour. Orders were given inhabitants to leave, which was quickly obeyed, and at 12 M. the Federal guns, three in number, opened on the five planted on the hill opposite. Several rebels are known to be killed by ours, but theirs did no damage whatever, and did not seem to be aimed at the town. They withdrew on Tuesday. We have no fears of their return to Hancock. The rebels hav
Doc. 36.-fight at Blooming Gap, Va. Gen. Lander's official report. Washington, Saturday,partment, Washington, February 17. To Brig.-Gen. F. W. Lander: The President directs me to say tur o'clock P. M. on the thirteenth instant, Gen. Lander started south with a small cavalry force. among officers that it was the intention of Gen. Lander to move on Blooming Gap, a strong pass in tdiscovered the small party of scouts led by Gen. Lander, he concluded to make the march that and capture the baggage of the enemy. Gen. Lander meantime brought up Col. Carroll with the E Five of the rebel officers surrendered to Gen. Lander, and four more, immediately afterward, to trom its panic, and now poured up the hill. Gen. Lander once more ordered Anastanzel to charge up ttry, and captured many more of the rebels. Gen. Lander shot at one of his own cavalrymen who refustence-trains. As much has been said about General Lander's marching on Winchester, it may be remark[15 more...]
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