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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 46 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 40 0 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 14 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 10 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: November 26, 1861., [Electronic resource] 10 0 Browse Search
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler 4 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8 4 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition. 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: November 25, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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arse and scoffing infidelity had become fashionable, even in high quarters; and the letters of Washington That spirit of freedom, which, at the commencement of this contest, would have gladly sacrificed every thing to the attainment of its object, has long since subsided, and every selfish passion has taken its place. It is not the public, but private interest, which influences the generality of mankind, nor can the Americans any longer boast of an exception. --Washington's Letter to Henry Laurens, July 10 (1782). Shoddy, it seems, dates away back of 1861. and his compatriots bear testimony to the wide-spread prevalence of venality and corruption, even while the great issue of independence or subjugation was still undecided. The return of peace, though it arrested the calamities, the miseries, and the desolations of war, was far from ushering in that halcyon state of universal prosperity and happiness which had been fondly and sanguinely anticipated. Thousands were suddenly
ed. none South Carolina 107,094 New York 21,324 Georgia 29,264 New Jersey 11,423 Kentucky 11,830 Pennsylvania Pennsylvania had passed an act of Gradual Emancipation in 1780. 3,737 Tennessee 3,417     Total 40,370 Total 657,527 The documents and correspondence of the Revolution are full of complaints by Southern slaveholders of their helplessness and peril, because of Slavery, and of the necessity thereby created of their more efficient defense and protection. Henry Laurens of South Carolina, two years President of the Continental Congress, appointed Minister to Holland, and captured on his way thither by a British cruiser, finally Commissioner with Franklin and Jay for negotiating peace with Great Britain, on the 14th of August, 1776, wrote from Charleston, S. C., to his son, then in England, a letter explaining and justifying his resolution to stand or fall with the cause of American Independence, in which he said: You know, my dear son, I abhor Sla
ed to embrace the negro race; which, by common consent, had been excluded from civilized Governments and the family of nations, and doomed to Slavery. They spoke and acted according to the then established doctrines and principles, and in the ordinary language of the day, and no one misunderstood them. The unhappy black race were separated from the white by indelible marks, and laws long before established, and were never thought of or spoken See, in refutation of this, the views of Henry Laurens, Dr. Hopkins, La Fayette. Washington, Jefferson, etc., as quoted in the earlier chapters of this work. of except as property, and when the claims of the owner or the profit of the trader were supposed to need protection. This state of public opinion had, undergone no change when the Constitution was adopted, as is equally evident from its provisions and language. Mr. Taney here deliberately asserts that the unhappy black race were never thought of or spoken of except as property,
in the Dern. Convention of 1860, 317; nominated for Vice-President, 819; makes a speech against coercion, 402. La Salle, voyages on the Mississippi, 54; 147. Lauman, Col., wounded at Belmont, 697. Laurel Hill, Va., fight at, 522-3. Laurens, Henry, letter from Washington to, 19; 254; letter to his son, 36. law, George, in the American Convention of 1856, 247; his letter to the President, 467-8. lawless, Judge, his charge at St. Louis, 134. Lawrence, Abbott, of Mass., in th after fall of Sumter, 458; 632. Walker, William, his invasion of Nicaragua, and his death, 276-7. Wallace, Col. Lewis, 535. Walworth, R. H., at Tweddle Hall, 393-4. Washburne, Mr., of Ill., 305; 560. Washington, George, letter to Laurens, 19; 42; 43; letters to Lafayette, 51; 81; 82; 83; his fair dealing with the Indians, 102; 254; his Foreign Policy, 264; citation from his Farewell Address, 266; allusion to, 515. Washington, Col. John A., captured by Brown's men, 290; 293: k
isely like other soldiers. A Black regiment was raised under this policy, which fought bravely at the battle of Rhode Island, Aug. 29, 1778. and elsewhere; as many of those composing it had done prior to its organization. Massachusetts, New York, Act of March 20, 1781. and other States, followed the example of Rhode Island, in offering liberty to slaves who would enlist in the patriot armies; and the policy of a general freeing and arming of able and willing slaves was urged by Hon. Henry Laurens, of S. C., by his son Col. John Laurens, by Col. Alexander Hamilton, Gen. Lincoln, James Madison, Gen. Greene, and other ardent patriots. It is highly probable that, had the Revolutionary War lasted a few years longer, it would have then abolished Slavery throughout the Union. Sir Henry Clinton, the King's commander in the North, issued June 30, 1779. a Proclamation, premising that the enemy have adopted a practice of enrolling negroes among their troops ; and thereupon offering t
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 7: recruiting in New England. (search)
ing that paper (I do not say because of), that against England there could be no doubt what the law of nations in such cases was, if she would take her own interpretation. I need not pause to give more than a single English precedent:-- Henry Laurens, of South Carolina, a delegate to the first Congress and a prominent patriot, accepted the mission from our Revolutionary Government in 1778, of minister to the Hague, got on board a [French neutral vessel, and proceeded on his mission. He wd regained his liberty only when the War of the Revolution ceased after the signing of the treaty of peace between England and her former rebels. More than that, England declared war on Holland on the ground of the papers her officers took from Laurens. From the first England would look at the Trent affair only as a cause of war. The whole country desired that our government should hold Mason and Slidell, and for a time we did hold them. But after much consideration Mr. Seward, always fear
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, Continental (search)
to be the place of meeting from that time until the adoption of the Constitution of the United States in 1788. From 1781 to 1788 Congress met annually on the first Monday in November, which time was fixed by the articles of Confederation (q. v.). The presidents of the Continental Congress were: Name.Where From.When Elected. Peyton RandolphVirginiaSept. 5, 1774. Henry MiddletonSouth CarolinaOct. 2, 1774. Peyton RandolphVirginiaMay 10, 1775. John HancockMassachusettsMay 24, 1775. Henry LaurensSouth CarolinaNov. 1, 1777. John JayNew YorkDec. 10, 1778. Samuel HuntingtonConnecticutSept. 28, 1779. Thomas McKeanDelawareJuly 10, 1781. John HansonMarylandNov. 5, 1781. Elias BoudinotNew JerseyNov. 4, 1782. Thomas MifflinPennsylvaniaNov. 3, 1783. Richard Henry LeeVirginiaNov. 30, 1784. Nathan GorhamMassachusettsJune 6, 1786. Arthur St. ClairPennsylvaniaFeb. 2, 1787. Cyrus GriffinVirginiaJan. 22, 1788. The colonists had been compelled to take up arms in self-defence. To ju
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gerard de Rayneval, Conrad Alexandre 1778-1790 (search)
e minister was conducted by Messrs. Lee and Adams to a chair in the Congress chamber, the members of that body and the president sitting; M. Gerard, being seated, presented his credentials into the hands of his secretary, who advanced and delivered them to the president of Congress. The secretary of Congress then read and translated them, which being done, Mr. Lee introduced the minister to Congress, at the same moment the minister and Congress rising. M. Gerard bowed to the president (Henry Laurens) and Congress, and they bowed to him, whereupon the whole seated themselves. In a moment the minister arose, made a speech to Congress (they sitting), and then, seating himself, he gave a copy of his speech to his secretary, who presented it to the president. The president and Congress then rose, when the former made a reply to the speech of the minister, the latter standing. Then all were again seated, when the president gave a copy of his answer to the secretary of Congress, who pre
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holland. (search)
Late in 1780 Great Britain, satisfied that the Netherlands would give national aid to the rebellious colonies, and desirous of keeping that power from joining the Armed Neutrality League, sought a pretext for declaring war against the Dutch. British cruisers had already depredated upon Dutch commerce in time of peace, and the British government treated the Netherlands more as a vassal than as an independent nation. The British ministry found a pretext for war in October (1780), when Henry Laurens, late president of the American Congress, was captured on the high seas by a British cruiser, and with him were found evidences of the negotiation of a treaty between the United States and the Netherlands, which had been in progress some time. On Dec. 20 King George declared war against Holland. Before the declaration had been promulgated, and while efforts were making at The Hague to conciliate England and avoid war, British cruisers pounced upon and captured 200 unsuspecting mercha
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Huguenots. (search)
ugustine. In 1598 Henry IV., of France, issued an edict at Nantes (see Edict of Nantes) that secured full toleration, civil and religious, for the Huguenots, and there was comparative rest for the Protestants until the death of Cardinal Mazarin, in 1661. Then the Huguenots began to be perse- Indians decorating Ribault's pillar (from an old print). cuted, and in 1685 Louis XIV. revoked the Edict. The fires of intolerance were kindled, and burned so furiously that at least 500,000 Protestants took refuge in foreign lands. In 1705 there was not a single organized congregation of Huguenots in all France. Many came to America—some to South Carolina, some to New York, and a few to Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Virginia. They formed excellent social elements wherever they settled, and many leading patriots in the Revolutionary War were descended from them. Three of the presidents of the Continental Congress—Henry Laurens, John Jay, and Elias Boudinot—were of Huguenot pare
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