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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 9: Robert E. Lee in command. (search)
nt, R. E. Lee, General. The brigades under Generals Lawton and Whiting were transported as above ordered. As indicated in his letter to General Jackson, General Lee's plan was a simultaneous attack on General McClellan's army front and rear. Following his instructions for General Jackson, on the same day he ordered his cavFourth, Fayetteville, Ark., February 4, 1879. General James Longstreet: My Dear General,-- I never heard of the proposed abandonment of Richmond at the time General Lee took command. I had charge of one of the four divisions with which the retreat from Yorktown was effected, and was called several times into General Lee's mostGeneral Lee's most important councils. I never heard any officer suggest such a course in these councils or in private conversations. I feel sure that General Johnston always intended to fight the invading force, and so far as I know no officer of rank entertained any other view. I remember very well that some days before the council on the
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 11: battle of Malvern Hill. (search)
he opening of the campaign he had in hand one hundred and five thousand men. General Lee's returns were not accurately made, but a fair estimate puts his numbers betMalvern Hill with his regularly organized army of veterans. They say, too, that Lee should have captured McClellan and his army. So thought General Lee, but some oGeneral Lee, but some of his leaders were working at cross-purposes, and did not have that close attention that the times called for. We may now consider the probable result of the plan mapped out and ordered by General Lee in his letter of June 11th to General Jackson had it been followed, --i.e., Jackson to march down the right bank of the Pamun the Valley district and attack McClellan's rear east of the Chickahominy, while Lee attacked from the Richmond side with his army. On the Richmond side, McClellan le of Gaines's Mill, where the troops from the Valley were reinforced by four of Lee's choice divisions and most of his cavalry,--more than doubling Jackson's column
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 12: Halleck and Pope in Federal command. (search)
edar Mountain confidence in and esteem for General Lee the Confederate commander's plans for cuttlellan's army at Harrison's Landing assured General Lee of his opportunity for attention to the mov bold front as a diversion, seeking to draw General Lee away from McClellan. So General Lee senGeneral Lee sent General A. P. Hill with his division to reinforce Jackson, with orders to the latter to strike oud the ground of the battle of Malvern Hill. General Lee ordered the divisions of McLaws, D. R. Jone from following the operations of the armies of Lee and Pope, it should be remarked that the latter Inaction of the Army of the Potomac gave General Lee opportunity for movement of his troops towao join me. Before despatching my corps, General Lee expressed his thought to advance the right ven days about Richmond established between General Lee and his first lieutenant relations of confiategy, and this preference was expressed to General Lee. His letter of August 14, 1862. He joined [1 more...]
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 14: Second battle of Manassas (Bull Run). (search)
noon the First Corps started on the march via Dranesville for Leesburg and the Potomac River, followed on the third by the Second. The results to the Confederates of the several engagements about Manassas Plains were seven thousand prisoners, two thousand of the enemy's wounded, thirty pieces of artillery, many thousand small-arms picked up from the field, and many colors, besides the captures made at Manassas Junction by General Jackson. Rebellion Record, vol. XII. part II. p. 558. General Lee's report. A fair estimate of forces engaged: Federal army, aggregate63,000 Confederates53,600 Losses between Rappahannock River and Washington: Federals, aggregate 15,000 Confederates10,000 The figures are given in round numbers, as the safest approximate estimate, but the records now accessible give accurate details of losses in each command about the same as these. And so it came to pass that from Cedar Run and Bull Run we had the term All Run. It is due to the ga
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 15: the Maryland campaign. (search)
eral. Major-General D. H. Hill, Commanding Division. so framed was issued. It may be well to digress from my narrative for a moment just here to remark that General Lee's confidence in the strength of his army, the situation of affairs, and the value of the moral effect upon the country, North and South, was made fully manifesre he found the Union troops in battle array along Bolivar Heights. I marched across South Mountain at Turner's Pass, and bivouacked near its western base. General Lee ordered my move continued to Hagerstown. The plans of the Confederates, as blocked out, anticipated the surrender of Harper's Ferry on Friday, the 12th, or Sat Pleasant Valley, one close under South Mountain, the other hugging the foot-hills of Elk Ridge,--the latter rugged, little used. Harper's Ferry, against which Lee's new movement was directed, nestles at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers, on the Virginia side, under the towering cliffs of Maryland or Cumberla
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 16: the lost order --South Mountain. (search)
that this rebel army, which I have good reasons for believing amounts to 120,000 men or more, and know to be commanded by Lee in person, intended to attempt penetrating Pennsylvania. The officers told their friends here that they were going to Harhould be made subordinate to placing this army in proper condition to meet the large rebel force in our front. Unless General Lee has changed his plans, I expect a severe general engagement to-morrow. I feel confident that there is now no rebel fod with, and they outnumber me when united. Geo. B. McClellan, Major-General. With the knowledge afforded by securing Lee's lost order the passes of the South Mountain became important points. If he could force them, McClellan might fall on the divided columns of the Confederates and reach Harper's Ferry in time to save its garrison; but Lee received intelligence of his only moderate forward movement, and, without knowing then how it came to be made, recalled a force to make resistance,
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 20: review of the Maryland campaign. (search)
the Union columns converged in easy, cautious marches. At noon of the 13th, General Lee's order distributing his forces and a despatch from the Governor of Pennsylvatched him that the Union signal station on Maryland Heights had gone down. General Lee's signals failed to connect, so that General McClellan was better informed opui. A word in closing about the chiefs opposed in this great campaign. General Lee and General McClellan were both graduates of the United States Military Acadnt. In moral tone and habits they may be called exemplars. In his service, General Lee's pride was duty to his government and to the army under his command. He loies better. General McClellan's ambition was not so limited. In stature General Lee stood five feet ten inches, was of well-developed muscular figure, as trim aadmirable presence. Both were masters of the science but not of the art of war. Lee was successful in Virginia; McClellan in Maryland. Unjust criticism has been
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 21: reorganization and rest for both armies. (search)
t occupies Fredericksburg the town called to surrender by General Sumner Exodus of the inhabitants under a threat to shell the town. Under an act not long before passed by the Confederate Congress authorizing the appointment of seven lieutenant-generals, the authorities at Richmond about this time sent commissions to Lieutenant-Generals Longstreet, Polk, Holmes, Hardee, E. K. Smith, Jackson, and Pemberton, and made appointments of a number of major-generals. Under these appointments General Lee organized the Army of Northern Virginia into corps substantially as it subsequently fought the battle of Fredericksburg. See organization of the army appended to account of the battle of Fredericksburg. The Confederate army rested along the lines between the Potomac and Winchester till late in October. On the 8th, General Stuart was ordered across to ride around the Union army, then resting about Sharpsburg and Harper's Ferry. His ride caused some excitement among the Union troops, and
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 30: Longstreet moves to Georgia. (search)
general, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, James Longstreet, Lieutenant-General. General Lee next wrote to inquire as to the time necessary for the movement of my corps into Tennessee. irst to depend upon its prompt and vigorous execution, and it was under those conditions that General Lee agreed to reinforce the army in Tennessee, together with the assurance that vigorous pursuit,arch was repeatedly urged, not only in return for the use of part of the army, but to relieve General Lee of apprehension from the army in front of him; but it was not until the 9th of September that These facts were known to the Richmond authorities at the time of our movements, but not to General Lee or myself until the move was so far advanced as to prevent recall. So that we were obliged tut of East Tennessee, and both were together down below the borders of Georgia. As I left General Lee's tent, after bidding him goodby, he walked out with me to my horse. As my foot was in the s
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 31: battle of Chickamauga. (search)
und his commander at that point seeking the enemy in his immediate front, and commended the officer upon his vigilance,--twelve hours after the retreat of the enemy's forces. The forces engaged and their respective casualties follow: General Bragg's returns of the 20th of August-the last of record-reported his aggregate of all arms43,866 Reinforced from J. E. Johnston's army in August9,000 Reinforced from J. E. Johnston's army in September (Gregg and McNair´╝ë2,500 Reinforced from General Lee's army, September 18 and 19 (a large estimate)5,000 Total60,366 Losses on the 18th and 19th1,124 Aggregate for battle on the 20th59,242 General Rosecrans's return of September 20, 1863, showed: Aggregate of infantry, equipped46,561 Aggregate of cavalry, equipped10,114 Aggregate of artillery, equipped4,192 Total60,867 Confederate losses (estimated; returns imperfect)17,800 Union losses by returns (infantry, artillery, and cavalry)16,550 The exceeding heaviness of these losses
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