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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Depew, Chauncey Mitchell, 1834- (search)
Congress of the Confederation had commissioned its ambassadors abroad, and in ineffectual efforts at government had created the necessity for the concentration of federal authority, now to be consummated. The first Congress of the United States gathered in this ancient temple of liberty, greeted Washington, and accompanied him to the balcony. The famous men visible about him were Chancellor Livingston, Vice-President John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, Governor Clinton, Roger Sherman, Richard Henry Lee, General Knox, and Baron Steuben. But we believe that among the invisible host above him, at this supreme moment of the culmination in permanent triumph of the thousands of years of struggle for self-government, were the spirits of the soldiers of the Revolution who had died that their country might enjoy this blessed day, and with them were the barons of Runnymede, and William the Silent, and Sidney, and Russell, and Cromwell, and Hampden, and the heroes and martyrs of liberty of eve
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Trobriand, Philippe ReGis, 1816-1897 (search)
De Trobriand, Philippe ReGis, 1816-1897 Military officer; born in Chateau des Rochettes, France, June 4, 1816; came to the United States in 1841; joined the National army as colonel of the 55th New York Regiment in August, 1861; took part in the engagements at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, etc.; was present as the commander of a division at Lee's surrender; received the brevet of majorgeneral of volunteers in April, 1865. He joined the regular army in 1866; received the brevet of brigadier-general in 1867; retired in 1879. He published Quatre ans de campagnes à l'armee du Potomac. He died in Bayport, L. I., July 7, 1897
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dinwiddie Court-house, actions at. (search)
tion to Dinwiddie Courthouse, where he halted for the night at 5 P. 3. Sheridan expected to cut loose from the rest of the army on the 30th to make a raid on the South Side and Danville railroads, but General Grant suddenly changed his plans. General Lee, seeing that his only line of communication might be cut off at any hour, and feeling the necessity of maintaining his extended line of works covering Petersburg and Richmond, concentrated a force of about 15,000 men, and hastened to place thef the National army. He then sought to strike a heavy blow on the extreme west of Grant's lines, then held by Sheridan, which he supposed was a weak point. Sheridan captured the works at Five Forks, and so gained the key to the whole region that Lee was striving to protect. In the struggle to regain this point strong parts of both armies were soon facing each other at Dinwiddie Court-house. Here Sheridan won the day after a severe engagement, the Confederates being unable to make any rally,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894 (search)
Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894 Military officer; born in Franklin county, Va., Nov. 3, 1816; graduated from West Point in 1837, and served in the Florida war the same year. In 1838 he resigned his commission and studied law. In 1847 he served as a major-general of volunteers during the war with Mexico. He was appointed colonel in the Confederate service at the outbreak of the Civil War. He lost but two battles—one at Gettysburg, Jubal A. Early. when he commanded a division of Lee's army, and the second at Cedar Creek, where Sheridan arrived in time to rally his men after his famous ride. In 1888 he published a book giving the history of the last year of the Civil War, during which time he was in command of the Army of the Shenandoah. He died in Lynchburg, Va.., March 2, 189
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Eutaw Springs, (search)
pon him, at dawn on the morning of Sept. 8, 1781. Greene moved in two columns, the centre of the first composed of North Carolina militia, with a battalion of South Carolina militia on each flank, commanded Eutaw Springs. respectively by Marion and Pickens. The second consisted of North Carolina regulars, led by General Sumner, on the right; an equal number of Virginians, under Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell, in the centre; and Marylanders, commanded by Col. O. H. Williams, on the left. Lee's Legion covered the right flank, and Lieutenant-Colonel Henderson's troops covered the left. Washington's cavalry and Kirkwood's Delaware troops formed a reserve, and each line had artillery in front. Skirmishing began at eight o'clock in the morning, and very soon the conflict became general and severe. The British were defeated and driven from the field with much loss. The victory was complete, and the winners spread over the British camp, eating, drinking, and plundering. Suddenly an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Evans, Clement Anselm, 1859- (search)
Evans, Clement Anselm, 1859- Lawyer; born in Georgia; graduated at the law school of Augusta, Ga.; was in the Georgia Senate in 1859; served in the Confederate army through the Civil War, and was an acting major-general in the Army of Northern Virginia at the time of Lee's surrender. He is the author of Military history of Georgia; and editor of Confederate military history (12 volumes).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
en to a raid by Stuart's cavalry, and to enable Lee himself to cross the Potomac in the neighborhoossigned it in the campaign. In this manner General Lee's first object, namely, the defeat of Hookeen undertaken in opposition to the views of General Lee, was to turn the demonstration northward inpon Baltimore and Washington. This part of General Lee's plan, which was substantially the repetitsses of the mountains, to mask the movements of Lee, and to harass the Union general in crossing thmself away from his connection with the army of Lee, and was cut off for a fortnight from all commund perhaps real, absence of plan on the part of Lee, it was impossible to foretell the precise scenpe of defeating our army, and securing what General Lee calls the valuable results of such an achieing them into the farm-houses on the road. General Lee, in his report, makes repeated mention of tare easily held, even by a retreating army, General Lee reached Williamsport in safety, and took up[8 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gerard de Rayneval, Conrad Alexandre 1778-1790 (search)
ng no traditionary rules of etiquette suitable for the occasion, the ceremonials which took place at his reception by Congress, on Aug. 6, were entirely new. Richard Henry Lee and Samuel Adams, delegates in Congress, in a coach drawn by six horses, provided by that body, waited upon the minister at his lodgings. A few minutes afister's chariot, being behind, received his secretary. The carriages arrived at the State-house a little before one o'clock, when the minister was conducted by Messrs. Lee and Adams to a chair in the Congress chamber, the members of that body and the president sitting; M. Gerard, being seated, presented his credentials into the hands of his secretary, who advanced and delivered them to the president of Congress. The secretary of Congress then read and translated them, which being done, Mr. Lee introduced the minister to Congress, at the same moment the minister and Congress rising. M. Gerard bowed to the president (Henry Laurens) and Congress, and they bo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Getty, George Washington 1819- (search)
hington 1819- Military officer; born in Georgetown, D. C., Oct. 2, 1819; was graduated at West Point in 1840; served in the war with Mexico, and in the Seminole War in Florida; and, becoming brigadier-general of volunteers in 1862, did excellent service in the campaign on the Peninsula. He was in the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, and Fredericksburg in 1862; also in the campaign against Richmond in 1864 until August, when he was brevetted major-general of volunteers. He was in the army in the Shenandoah Valley the remainder of the year. He was also in the battle at Sailor's Creek, and at the surrender of Lee. On Aug. 1, 1864, he was brevetted major-general of volunteers, and March 13, 1865, major-general in the regular army. He was commissioned colonel of the 37th Infantry in 1866; transferred to the 3d Artillery in 1871: and retired Oct. 2, 1883. His last service was as commander of the United States troops along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad during the riots of 1877.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gettysburg, battle of. (search)
door, turned out with considerable spirit; and Lee, observing this, and hearing that the augmentedtysburg to Baltimore to keep Meade from cutting Lee's communications. Lee hoped to crush Meade, anLee hoped to crush Meade, and then March in triumph on Baltimore and Washington; or, in case of failure, to secure a direct linly 1 Buford, with 6,000 cavalry, met the van of Lee's army, led by General Heth, between Seminary Ry the corps of Sykes and Sedgwick were absent. Lee, too, had been bringing forward his troops as rthe heaviest columns of the Confederates. Then Lee attacked him with Longstreet's corps. There waand Round Top, on the left, was impregnable; so Lee determined to strike Meade's centre with a forcRound Top, where the expected blow would fall. Lee determined to aim his chief blow at Hancock's pysburg. During that night and all the next day Lee's army on Seminary Ridge prepared for flight bawere killed, 13,709 wounded, and 6,643 missing. Lee's loss was probably about 30,000. The battle-g[2 more...]
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