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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
the provincial convention of New York were strongly tinctured with Toryism. General Lee, then in Connecticut, had heard of disaffection there and asked permission of rebel troops were permitted to enter the town, he would cannonade and burn it. Lee pressed forward and encamped in the Fields, and in a Kip's House. proclamationg the city and its approaches and garrisoning it with 2,000 men. On the day when Lee entered New York Sir Henry Clinton arrived at Sandy Hook, but did not deem it prad not been taken, and the President had made a midnight cry for help because of Lee's invasion in Maryland; when at that very moment Vicksburg, with 37,000 prisoners, was in the possession of General Grant, and Lee and his army, discomfited at Gettysburg, were preparing to retreat to Virginia. A leading opposition journal cound outbreak had been planned, and would have been executed, but for the defeat of Lee at Gettysburg, and Grant's success at Vicksburg. When, on Monday, July 13, the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nobility, titles of (search)
ght States of the Union. The motion had its intended effect. Giles, who saw the awkwardness of voting against titles of nobility and in favor of slave-holding in the same breath, professed his readiness to give up the yeas and nays. Holding slaves to be as sacred property as any other, he would never consent to prohibit immigrants from holding slaves. Titles of nobility were but names, and nobody was obliged to give them up unless he wished to become an American citizen. It was argued by Lee, of Virginia, that, as the cause of the obnoxious provision was the fear of harboring among us a class who, because of the nature of their education, their habits of assumed superiority, the servile court they had uniformly received, could not make good citizens of a free republic, the same reasoning applied to the existing relations of superiority and servility between master and slave would prove the Southern slave-holder to be unfit for an American citizen—a relation really more objection
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Northrop, Lucius Bellinger 1811- (search)
Northrop, Lucius Bellinger 1811- Military officer; born in Charleston, S. C., Sept. 8, 1811; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1829; later practised medicine in Charleston; and was restored to the army when Jefferson Davis was Secretary of War. During the Civil War he was commissary-general of the Confedrate army, and made Richmond his headquarters till within a short time before the surrender of Lee.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ogden, Aaron 1756- (search)
Ogden, Aaron 1756- Military officer; born in Elizabethtown, N. J., Dec. 3, 1756; graduated at Princeton in 1773; taught school in his native village; and in the winter of 1775-76 assisted in capturing, near Sandy Hook, a British vessel laden with munitions of war for the army in Boston. Early in 1777 he entered the Aaron Ogden. army as captain under his brother Matthias, and fought at Brandywine. He was brigade-major under Lee at Monmouth, and assistant aide-de-camp to Lord Stirling; aid to General Maxwell in Sullivan's expedition; was at the battle of Springfield (June, 1780); and in 1781 was with Lafayette in Virginia. He led infantry to the storming of a redoubt at Yorktown, and received the commendation of Washington. After the war he practised law, and held civil offices of trust in his State. He was United States Senator from 1801 to 1803, and governor of New Jersey from 1812 to 1813. In the War of 1812-15 he commanded the militia of New Jersey. At the time of his
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Paine, Thomas 1737- (search)
rlier portion of the war, incurred the enmity of Arthur Lee and his brothers, and was so misrepresented by them that Congress recalled him from France. It had been insinuated by Carmichael that Deane had appropriated the public money to his private use. Two violent parties arose, in and out of Congress, concerning the doings of the agents of Congress abroad. Robert Morris, and others acquainted with financial matters, took the side of Deane. The powerful party against him was led by Richard Henry Lee, brother of Arthur, and chairman of the committee on foreign affairs. Deane published (1779) An address to the people of the United States, in which he commented severely on the conduct of the Lees, and justly claimed credit for himself in obtaining supplies from France through Beaumarchais. Paine, availing himself of documents in his custody, published a reply to Deane's address, in which he asserted that the supplies nominally furnished through a mercantile house came really from t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parke, John Grubb 1827- (search)
Parke, John Grubb 1827- Military officer; born in Chester county, Pa., Sept. 22, 1827; graduated at West Point in 1849. Entering the engineer corps, he became brigadiergeneral of volunteers Nov. 23, 1861. He commanded a brigade under Burnside in his operations on the North Carolina coast early in 1862, and with him joined the Army of the Potomac. He served in McClellan's campaigns, and when Burnside became its commander he was that general's chief of staff. In the campaign against Vicksburg he was a conspicuous actor. He was with Sherman, commanding the left wing of his army after the fall of Vicksburg. He was also engaged in the defence of Knoxville; and in the Richmond campaign, in 1864, he commanded the 9th Corps, and continued to do so until the surrender of Lee, in April, 1865. In 1865 he was brevetted major-general U. S. A., and in 1889 was retired.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parker, Ely Samuel -1895 (search)
Parker, Ely Samuel -1895 Military officerborn on the Seneca Indian reservation, Tonawanda, N. Y., in 1828; became chief of the Six Nations; was educated for a civil engineer; was a personal friend of Gen. U. S. Grant, and during the Civil War was a member of his staff and military secretary. In the latter capacity lie drew up the first copy of the terms of capitulation of General Lee's army. He was commissioned a first lieutenant of United States cavalry in 1866; brevetted brigadier-general U. S. A. in 1867; and was commissioner of Indian affairs in 1869-71. He died in Fairfield, Conn., Aug. 31, 1895.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parliament, English (search)
Pitt), after long absence, appeared and proposed an address to the King advising a recall of the troops from Boston. This proposition was rejected by a decisive majority. Petitions for conciliation, which flowed into the House of Commons from all the trading and manufacturing towns in the kingdom, were referred to another committee, which the opposition called the committee of oblivion. Among the petitions to the King was that of the Continental Congress, presented by Franklin, Bollan, and Lee, three colonial agents, who asked to be heard upon it, by counsel, at the bar of the House. Their request was refused on the ground that the Congress was an illegal assembly and the alleged grievances only pretended. On Feb. 1, Chatham brought forward a bill for settling the troubles in America, which provided for a full acknowledgment on the part of the colonies of the supremacy and superintending power of Parliament, but that no tax should ever be levied except by consent of the colonia
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parrott, Robert Parker 1804-1877 (search)
Parrott, Robert Parker 1804-1877 Military officer; born in Lee, N. H., Oct. 5, 1804; graduated at West Point in 1824; served in the army until 1836, when he resigned to accept the superintendency of the West Point foundry. He invented a system of casting and rifling cannon which he placed at the disposition of the United States government. This system was used in the United States during the Civil War. He died in Cold Spring, N. Y., Dec. 24, 1877.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Pennsylvania, (search)
spection of the city of Philadelphia addressed a memorial to the Congress, setting forth that the Assembly did not possess the confidence of the people, nor truly represent the sentiments of the province; and that measures had been taken for assembling a popular convention. The Assembly became nervous. It felt that its dissolution was nigh. In the first days of June no governor appeared. The members showed signs of yielding to the popular pressure; but on the 7th, the very day when Richard Henry Lee offered his famous resolution for independence in Congress, John Dickinson, in a speech in the Assembly, pledged his word to the proprietary chiefjustice (Allen), and to the whole House, that he and a majority of the Pennsylvania delegates in the Congress would continue to vote against independence. Only once again (after June 9, 1776) did a quorum of members of the Pennsylvania Assembly appear. The proprietary government had expired. The gloomy outlook after the fall of Fort Wa
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