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ncy or zeal, were all so indifferent to any question of personal interest that they had received their appointment before they were aware it was to be conferred. The order of their rank was: General Samuel Cooper, Albert Sidney Johnston, and Robert E. Lee. When General A. S. Johnston was assigned to the West, he for the first time asked and learned what relative position he would serve. General Lee, in like manner, when he was assigned to duty beyond the limits of Virginia, learned for the fGeneral Lee, in like manner, when he was assigned to duty beyond the limits of Virginia, learned for the first time his increased rank. Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel A. C. Meyers was appointed Quartermaster-General; Captain L. B. Northrop was appointed to command the Subsistence Department. He made no memoir of his service, and Mr. Davis could not notice it in extenso. Surgeon-General Moore, from the Materia Medica of the South, supplemented the lack of drugs made contraband of war, and by the aid of his own ingenuity and that of his corps, supplied the surgical instruments, which were unfortunately
Chapter 9: the President arrives in Richmond. Richmond was one great camp-men hurried to and fro with and without uniforms and arms, with that fixed look upon their faces that they acquire when confronted with danger and the necessity for supreme effort. A long war debases a nation, but individuals rise higher then and develop more quickly than in piping times of peace. Upon the President's arrival in Richmond he found General R. E. Lee in command of the army of Virginia, with the rank of Major-General. Many troops had been sent from other States of the Confederacy to the aid of Virginia, and the forces there assembled were divided into three armies, at the most important positions threatened: one, under command of General J. E. Johnston, at Harper's Ferry, covering the valley of the Shenandoah; another under General G. T. Beauregard, at Manassas, covering the direct approach from Washington to Richmond; and the third, under Generals Huger and Magruder, at Norfolk and
tes from the United States. Under these laws, on May 13, 1861, R. E. Lee and myself were nominated as Brigadier-Generals in the Confederatnfirmed a few weeks previously. The nominations of myself and R. E. Lee were confirmed by Congress promptly. Each of the three had resigrank would stand thus: J. E. Johnston, S. Cooper, A. S. Johnston, R. E. Lee, G. T. Beauregard. In a letter from the President, in answer t16, 1861. Albert Sidney Johnston, to rank May 30, 1861. Robert E. Lee, to rank June 14, 1861. J. E. Johnston, to rank July 4, 186ston, Colonel, and Brigadier-General by brevet, and on duty as such; Lee, Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry, senior to J. E. Johnston in the lineMr. Davis says: In relation to the complaint of my giving General Lee the higher rank, I have only to say that it seems to me quite absurd. Of the two, General Lee had the higher rank as a cadet; came out of Mexico with a higher brevet; had the higher rank in the cavalry of
o-called plan of campaign, verbally presented by Colonel Chesnut to the President, in the presence of Generals Lee and Cooper, prevented the Federal army from being destroyed before July 21st. The President addressed a letter to those officers, asking them to give him their opinions and recollections of the interview in question. The letter is dated November 4th, the day after the publication of General Beauregard's letter, written within hearing of the enemy's guns. The reply of General R. E. Lee should render any further discussion of the vexed and profitless question unnecessary. Richmond, Va., November 4, 1861. Generals Cooper and. Lee, Confederate States Army. Gentlemen: The injurious effect produced by statements widely published to show that the army of the Potomac had been needlessly doomed to inactivity by my rejection of plans for vigorous movements against the enemy, which were presented to me by General Beauregard, induces me to ask you to state what was the comm
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 19: effort to effect exchange of prisoners-evacuation of Manassas-visit to Fredericksburg. (search)
III. The troops when passing through Richmond will be reported to the Adjutant-General for any instructions which it may be needful to give them at that point. Very respectfully yours, Jefferson Davis. Special orders, no. 83. headquarters, Department of Northern Virginia, Rapidan, March 23, 1862. Under orders of the President: I. Major-General T. H. Holmes, commanding Acquia District, is relieved from the command of that district, and assigned to duty temporarily with General Lee, and will report to the Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va., for further orders. By command of General Johnston. A. P. Mason. The following letters, written by residents of Fredericksburg, are also appended to prove conclusively that Mr. Davis, and not General Johnston, is right: Fredericksburg, Va., August 10, 1885. Judge William S. Barton. my dear Sir: In reply to your inquiry whether I knew that President Davis visited Fredericksburg in March, 1862, I beg to say
attention that kind consideration could suggest. If Mr. Davis came riding up the street with General Lee, and their staff officers clattering after them, Mrs. Grant heard them and sent some dainty wband's health was at this time very precarious, and he was too weak to ride to headquarters. General Lee came up from camp one day evidently worn out and worried, to find Mr. Davis lying quite ill on a divan, in a little morning-room in which we received only our intimate friends. General Lee, with abow and excuse for coming in on the white carpet with his splashed boots, sat down and plunged that they were knitted, and the dainty, soigne old gentleman looked his best in them. Mrs. Robert E. Lee and her daughters, all honor to them, furnished one hundred and ninety-six socks and gloves to Posey's Brigade, and this when Mrs. Lee was confined to her chair, a hopeless victim of rheumatism, and her daughters' time was consumed by nursing in the hospitals. Mrs. Mary Arnold, wife of
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 26: the gun-boats in the James River-battle of seven Pines. (search)
Orleans. Continuing Mr. Davis's narrative in reference to the operations around Richmond at this time, he said: Seeing no preparation to keep the enemy at a distance, and kept in ignorance of any plan for such purpose, I sent for General R. E. Lee, then at Richmond, in general charge of army operations, and told him why and how I was dissatisfied with the condition of affairs. He asked me what I thought it was proper to do. Recurring to a conversation held about the time we had tamp-equipage, and more than I,000 prisoners. Our aggregate of both wings was about 40,500. The enemy's 37,936, until Sumner's corps crossed the Chickahominy, when the enemy's aggregate in excess of ours was in round numbers 16,000. General R. E. Lee was now in immediate command, and thenceforward directed the movements of the army in front of Richmond. Laborious and exact in details, as he was vigilant and comprehensive in grand strategy, a power, with which the public had not credite
nt of Richmond, but without intrenchments. General Lee immediately constructed earthworks. They wessed my disappointment at their views, and General Lee remarked that he had, before I came in, saike a junction of Jackson's forces with those of Lee, a strong division under General Whiting was de of the daring and unfaltering fortitude of General Lee, I will here recite an impressive conversatis old esprit de corps manifested itself in General Lee's first response, that he did not know engits there. The chief danger was that, while Lee with his main body was assailing and turning Mcwhose nerves are shaken by mental torture. General Lee's wife has arrived, her servants left her, art received confidential instructions from General Lee, the execution of which is so interwoven wiave 56,612 as the number of effectives when General Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virgin but 62,000. Colonel Taylor: Four Years with Lee, When the news of our great victory over su[12 more...]
3: retaliation for outrages. General Pope, commanding a new army in Northern Virginia, having issued the most brutal orders directed against peaceful citizens, the President wrote to General Lee as follows: Richmond, Va., July 31, 1862. General R. E. Lee, Commanding, etc. Sir: On the 22d of this month a cartel for the exchange of prisoners of war was signed between Major-General D. H. Hill, in behalf of the Confederate States, and Major-General John A. Dix, in behalf of the United Statesto these inquiries within fifteen days from the delivery of your letter, we shall assume that the alleged facts are true and are sanctioned by the Government of the United States. In such event, on that Government will rest the responsibility of the retributive or retaliatory measures which we shall adopt to put an end to the merciless atrocities which now characterize the war waged against us. Very respectfully yours, etc., (Signed) Jefferson Davis. General R. E. Lee, Commanding, etc.
Chapter 38: Gettysburg. In the month of May, 1863, General R. E. Lee's army rested near Fredericksburg, while the Federal army under General Hooker occupied their old camps across the Rappahannock. Early in the month of June, finding that the Federal commander was not disposed again to cross swords with him, for the purpose of drawing him away from Virginia, so that her people might raise and gather their crops, Lee began a movement that culminated in the battle of Gettysburg. Ewell's corps was sent on in advance, and at Winchester routed and put to flight the enemy under General Milroy, capturing 4,000 prisoners and their small-arms, 2S pieces of artillery, 300 wagons and their horses, and large amounts of ordnance, commissary, and quartermaster stores; then crossing the Potomac, he passed through Maryland and into Pennsylvania. Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, Chambersburg, Pa., June 27, 1863. General orders, no. 73. The Commanding General has observed wi
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