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Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865 33 1 Browse Search
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Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 7: bombardment of Charleston. (search)
ed to cover quartermaster's stores. Among the good things provided were baked beans and Indian pudding. From November 1 to January 8 the following changes took place among the officers,—Major Hooper was promoted lieutenant-colonel, and Capt. J. W. M. Appleton, major; Lieutenant Grace, captain of Company A; Lieut. R. H. L. Jewett, captain of Company K; and Lieutenant Higginson, captain of Company H; Second Lieutenants David Reid, Emerson, and Tomlinson became first lieutenants; Lieutenants A. W. Leonard, Lewis Reed, Alfred H. Knowles, Robert R. Newell, and Chas. M. Duren, newly appointed, reported. Captains Jones and Pope and Assistant-Surgeon Pease re-joined. Surgeon Stone went North, and was then appointed surgeon, United States Volunteers. Lieutenant Higginson was promoted while absent sick, and was afterward transferred to the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry as captain. Lieutenant Johnston was discharged. A change in the line formation was necessary after these promotions, whi
mans; Company G, Lieut. David Reid; Company C, Lieutenant Tomlinson, commanding, and Lieutenant Bridgham; Company K, Lieutenant Littlefield, commanding, and Lieutenant Leonard; Company F, Captain Bridge; Company H, Lieutenant Chipman; Company B, Lieutenant Newell; Company D, Lieutenant Duren. Assistant-Surgeons Bridgham and Pease,ammunition of the wrong calibre were thrown into mudholes. Assistant-Surgeon Bridgham also sent on before his only ambulance with wounded officers and men. Lieutenant Leonard, when leaving the field, found Adjutant Manning, First North Carolina, helplessly wounded; so swinging his friend upon his back, he carried him to a point oartridge; Lieutenant Tucker captain of Company H, vice Higginson; Lieut. T. L. Appleton captain of Company G, vice Smith. Second Lieutenants Chipman, Lewis Reed, Leonard, Knowles, Duren, and Newell were promoted first lieutenants. Sergt. Stephen A. Swails, of Company F, was commissioned second lieutenant. Brig.-Gen. John P. Ha
d the Twenty-first United States Colored Troops. Col. William Gurney, with his regiment, the One Hundred and Twenty-seventh New York, came on the 23d, and in turn relieved Montgomery. In consequence of these frequent changes of postcom-mander some of the Fifty-fourth companies were as often shifted from one duty to another. On the 23d Companies B and G were made the provost-guard at Morris Island; but Company B was relieved therefrom in two or three days. Companies A, I, and K, under Lieutenant Leonard, were detailed for a few days as boat infantry. Captain Jones, with Company D, relieved a company of the Thirtyfourth United States Colored Troops as the garrison of Fort Shaw. A very heavy wind swept the island on the 25th, which blew down the Beacon house on the beach-front. This prominent landmark was a frame building, resting on a masonry foundation. On the northerly end was the chimney-stack, and surmounting the roof was a cupola. It had long been stripped of weather board
formed as below, with Company D on the right,— F G B E A K D and with the following officers present: Lieutenant-Colonel Hooper, commanding; Major Appleton; Adjutant Howard; Company D, Captain Jones and Lieutenant Swails; Company K, Lieutenant Leonard, commanding, and Lieutenant Chas. Jewett, Jr.; Company A, Lieutenant Knowles; Company E, Captain Emilio and Lieutenants Chipman and Cousens; Company B, Lieutenant Newell, commanding, and Lieutenant Hallett; Company G, Lieut. David Reid; Com troops in advance to retire after nightfall. It was not until 11 P. M., however, that the Fifty-fourth called in its skirmishers and silently withdrew to the main line. Bivouac was made in a cornfield just at the general's headquarters. Lieutenant Leonard and a large part of Company K were in the darkness inadvertently left on post until Lieutenant Swails, who was sent back with ten men, brought them in. Thus ended a most memorable day for the regiment, not sanguinary, but full of trials
d prisoners came into our lines at various points about Charleston. Each had a new and thrilling story to tell of trial and peril on the way; but all united in acknowledging the kindness and assistance of their only friends, the negroes. Besides the departure of the One Hundred and Fifty-seventh New York, on the 21st, the Morris Island garrison was further reduced by the transfer of the One Hundred and Twenty-seventh New York to Beaufort. This necessitated the detail the next day of Lieutenant Leonard and Company K as provost guard, and Company A joined in that duty shortly after. At a meeting of the officers on the 24th the Rev. James Lynch, a colored man, was elected chaplain of the Fifty-fourth. He was subsequently commissioned, but not mustered. Sergeant Cezar, of Company D, was appointed acting sergeant-major, and Wm. J. Netson, principal musician. With a diminished garrison the duties bore heavily on the remaining troops. The Fifty-fourth began furnishing grand-guard de
nowles; Company D, Lieutenant Emerson, commanding, and Lieutenant Hallett; Company I, Lieut. Lewis Reed; Company K, Lieutenant Leonard, commanding, and Lieut. Charles Jewett,—a force of twenty-one officers and 540 men. Captains T. L. Appleton and R. ving that point guarded was demonstrated. Captain Pope's account is,— I immediately threw out one company (K) under Leonard on the Coosawhatchie road as skirmishers, and with the others threw up a barricade across the road. Soon Leonard reportLeonard reported a body of cavalry coming down the road, and at the same time a naval ensign with two boat howitzers manned by sailors reported to me, sent back by Hatch from the main force. I was very glad to see them, and at once sent word to Leonard to fall bLeonard to fall back as fast as the Rebel cavalry advanced. This he did; and when within easy range I ordered the ensign to fire. He gave them shrapnel with good aim, and they were apparently surprised, as they had seen nothing of artillery. After this repuls
g Adjutant Whitney, and Acting Quartermaster Bridgham; Company F, Captain Bridge; Company C, Lieutenant Spear; Company B, Lieutenant Hallett; Company H, Captain Tucker and Lieutenant Stevens; Company A, Lieutenant Rogers; Company D, Captain Chipman and Lieutenant Swails; Company G, Captain Appleton; Company E, Lieutenant Emerson, commanding, and Lieutenant Cousens; Company I, Captain Howard; Company K, Lieutenant Reed. Lieutenants Newell and Joy took part on Colonel Hallowell's staff. Lieutenant Leonard was directed to remain in charge of the camp. A pioneer corps of twenty men was placed under Sergeant Wilkins of Company D for this field service. April 5, at 8 A. M., Potter's force moved from Georgetown, the First Brigade in advance, over the centre or Sampit road for three miles, when the column took another to the right leading to Kingstree. Marching through a heavily timbered country and encountering no hostiles, the division compassed nineteen miles, camping at nightfall nea
ptain of Company E; Lieutenant James, captain of Company C; Lieutenant Reed, captain of Company K; and Lieutenant Newell, captain of Company B. Lieutenant Cousens, promoted first lieutenant, was afterward made captain of Company E. Lieutenant Joy, after taking the intermediate rank, became captain of Company F. Lieutenants Edmands, Swails, and Whitney were promoted first lieutenants. Assistant-Surgeon Radzinsky was made surgeon One Hundred and Fourth United States Colored Troops; and Lieutenants Leonard and Hallett, captains One Hundred and Third United States Colored Troops. Those who resigned, or were mustered out at the expiration of their personal terms of service, were Lieutenant-Colonel Hooper, Adjutant Duren, Quartermaster Ritchie, Captains Bridge, Jewett, and Emerson, and Lieutenants Spear, Rogers, Bridgham, and Jewett. Lieutenant Edmands acted as quartermaster until June 21, when Lieutenant Vogelsang was made regimental-quartermaster. Lieutenant Joy relieved Lieutenant W
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Roster of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
. 1829; married; book-keeper; Boston. 2d Lt 17 Apl 63, must. 23 Apl; 1st Lt 19 Jly 63, must. 1 Mch 64. Killed 30 Nov 64 Honey Hill, S. C. Other service:—Co. F 11th Mass 9 Sep 61, Commissary Sergt. Mch and Oct 64 Actg Regtl. Quartermaster. Leonard, Andrew Watson; 1st Lieut. 19 Mch 43 Boston; single; clerk; Charlestown. 2d Lt 18 Aug 63, must. 19 Nov; 1st Lt 31 Jan 64, must 5 Mch. Discharged 16 May 65 for promotion. Other service:— Co. D 13th Mass. 16 Jly 61. Apl 64 Detached with Boat I Hazard, Samuel 10 Jan 65 —— Henderson, Samuel 3 Feb 65 $100. Herbert, Philip 27 Aug 64 $325. Holmes, Charles 22 Aug 64 $295.99. James, John 11 Jan 65 —— King. Antony L. 24 Aug 64 $185.33. Lew, Zimri 11 Jan 65 $100. Madison, Leonard E. 15 Feb 65 $100. McLane, Charles 6 Feb 65 $184.66. Miner, Thomas 27 Je 64 —— Mitchell, Perry 7 Jly 64 $260.66. Montgomery, John W. 5 Jan 65 $207.33. Morey, Benjamin 29 Aug 64 $100. Munroe, Peter F. 20 Aug 64 $297.33
Battery, 54, 200, 201, 203. Lamar, G. B., 46. Landing at Jacksonville, 152. Lane, Joseph, 143. Lane, W. A., 41. Langdon, Loomis L., 161, 167. Langston, John M., 14. Laudonniere, Rene de, 151. Lawler, Mr., 285. Lawrence, Amos A., 11. Lee, Arthur B., 34,197. Lee, Francis L., 15. Lee, Henry, Jr., 16. Lee, Robert E., 46, 53, 189, 288, 308. Left Batteries, 106, 109, 217. Legareville, S. C., 54, 144, 211, 213. Lehigh, monitor, 138, 209. Lenox, Charles W., 202, 248. Leonard, Andrew W., 145, 164, 169, 183, 188, 202, 206, 232, 237, 246, 291, 316. Levee at Chickering Hall, 15. Lewis, J. F., 210. Lewis, Mr. and Mrs., 217. Lighthouse Inlet, S. C., 52, 68, 186, 187, 192, 193, 199, 215. Lincoln, Abraham, 1, 97, 148, 196, 233, 308. Lincoln, Mayor, 319. Line formation, 38, 75, 145, 164, 202, 286. Little, Edward H., 207. Little, George N., 207. Little, James L., 15. Little, John L., 207. Littlefield, Henry W., 34, 51, 133, 135, 164, 166, 196, 234, 276. Litt