In 1791 Archibald Robertson, a Scotchman and a portrait-painter, established a seminary in the city of New York which he called the Columbian Academy of Painting.
He succeeded well, and his pupils did honor to the institution.
In 1801 Robert R. Livingston, then American minister in France, proposed the establishment of an academy of fine arts in New York.
He wrote to friends, suggesting the raising of funds by subscription for the purpose of purchasing copies of antique statuary and paintings for the instruction of young artists.
An association for the purpose was formed late in 1802, but it was not incorporated until 1808.
Meanwhile Mr. Livingston had obtained fine plaster copies of ancient statues and sent them over.
In the board of managers were distinguished citizens, but there was only one artist—Colonel Trumbull.
It bore the corporate title of Academy of Fine Arts.
It had a feeble existence, though it numbered among its honorary members King George IV.
of England, and
lenaghan, a Philadelphia merchant, explaining the urgency, and enclosing $500, the amount of salary due him as clerk, as his contribution towards a relief fund.
The merchant called a meeting the next day, and read Paine's letter.
A subscription list was immediately circulated, and in a short time about $1,500,000 was raised.
With this capital the Pennsylvania Bank—afterwards the Bank of North America—was established for the relief of the army.
In 1783 Paine wrote a memorial to Chancellor Livingston, secretary of foreign affairs; Robert Morris, minister of finance, and his assistant, urging the necessity of adding a continental legislature to Congress, to be elected by the several States.
Robert Morris invited the chancellor and a number of eminent men to meet Paine at dinner, where his plea for a stronger Union was discussed and approved.
This was probably the earliest of a series of consultations preliminary to the constitutional convention.
On April 19, 1783, it being th