himself to the Federal Administration for the paltry bribe of the public printing.
The killing of the ruffians of Pottawattomie was one of those stern acts of summary justice with which the history of the West and of every civil war abounds.
Lynch law is one of the early necessities of far-western communities; and the terrors of it form the only efficient guarantee of the peaceful citizen from the ruffianism which distinguishes and curses every new Territory.
The true story of Pottawattom, of the murderous designs of the Missourians.
A meeting of the intended victims was held; and it was determined that on the first indication of the massacre, the Doyles,--a father and two sons,--Wilkinson, and Sherman should be seized, tried by Lynch law, and summarily killed.
On the 23d of May, John Brown left the camp of his son, at Ossawatomie, with seven or eight men, and from that moment began his guerilla warfare in Southern Kansas.
He ordered them to the vicinity of his home, to b
d cabins they had stolen, facilitating the reconquest of the soil to slavery, and preventing the stream of Northern emigration from overflowing into the Indian Territory.
In November this plan was carried into operation by organized bands of pro-slavery ruffians, who, issuing from Fort Scott, stole cattle, arrested men under false charges, and in. other ways annoyed the Northern settlers.
A Free State Squatter's Court was formed in November for the trial of these ruffians by the process of Lynch law. In order to inspire terror, the judge of this organization was called Old Brown; and, although the Captain was in Iowa at one time, the deception was not discovered for many months.
It was at this time that Captain James Montgomery, called on by the people, took the field.
Little, one of the chief ruffians, acting as a deputy United States Marshal, attempted, with a posse of eighty well-armed men, to arrest this Court.
The Major was a spiritualist and peace man when h
ion whatever, but only a few brief answers to leading questions, which served to show at once his political purpose and his depravity of heart.
A Virginia journalist thus describes the journey to Charlestown :
On Wednesday evening they were conveyed to the jail of Jefferson County, under an escort of marines.
Stevens and Brown had to be taken in a wagon, but the negro Green and-Coppoc, being unhurt, walked between a file of soldiers, followed by hundreds of excited men, exclaiming, Lynch them; but Governor Wise, who was standing on the platform of the cars, said, O, it would be cowardly to do so now; and the crowd fell back, and the prisoners were safely placed on the train.
Stevens was placed in the bottom of the car, being unable to sit up. Brown was propped up on a seat with pillows, and Coppoc and Green seated in the middle of them; the former was evidently much frightened, but looked calm, while the latter was the very impersonation of fear.
His nerves were twitching