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r in service, whose long career gained him nothing but respect under the northern-nothing but glory under the southern flag. If Raphael Semmes be a pirate, then was the northern recognition of belligerents but an active lie! Then was Robert E. Lee a marauder-Wade Hampton but a bushwhacker, and Joseph E. Johnston but a guerrilla! When the Sumter began her work, she was soon followed by the Florida --a vessel somewhat better, but still of the same class. Under the dashing and efficient Maffitt, the Florida, too, wrought daring destruction. Her record, like that of her rival, is too familiar for repetition; ag is the later substitution of the Alabama for the worn-out Sumter. During the long war, these three vessels-and but two of them at one time — were the only cruisers the Confederacy had afloat; until just before its close, the Shenandoah went out to strike fresh terror to the heart and pocket of New England. Then, also, that stronghanded and cool-headed amphiboid, Colonel
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 61: the Washington artillery of New Orleans. (search)
ited States in the neighborhood of New York and Boston, and Commander Wood captured over thirty of the enemy's vessels. For these services he received the thanks of the Confederate Congress, and was promoted to be Post Captain. Throughout all these hot encounters his piety and gentle consideration for others was conspicuous on every field. The gallant Captain Wilkinson's deeds pressed close upon those of his friend and brother-officer, and the world will not forget Commanders Semmes, Maffitt, Pegram, Maury, Loyal, Jones, and other naval heroes who are too rich in fame to need my mite. None fought more gallantly than Heros von Borcke, an Austrian officer of distinction, who came to offer his sword, and was assigned to J. E. B. Stuart's cavalry, and served with conspicuous bravery until severely wounded; he left the service with broken health. The President, loath to relinquish him, wrote to acknowledge the aid he had given, and sent him on a mission to England. But Conf
The rebel war steamer Oreto ran the blockade into the harbor of Mobile, this day. The correspondent of the Charleston Mercury gives the following account of the steamer: The vessel is the steam corvette Oreto, now called the Florida, and is not an iron-clad. Our readers are aware of the difficulties which the commander of this ship encountered at Nassau, owing to the rigor of the British neutrality regulations. Having finally escaped from the clutches of the Court of Admiralty, Capt. Maffitt steamed away to the Gulf and boldly ran the gauntlet of the blockaders at the mouth of Mobile Bay, in broad daylight. The Captain was at the time sick with fever, as were most of her small crew of thirteen men. The Florida ran within sixty yards of the Yankee vessels, and her sides are peppered all over with shrapnel and grape-shot. One eleven-inch shell went through her side a foot above the water-line, and lodged in the coal-bunkers. The Florida is a beautiful and well-armed corvett
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
captured by the Americans. from New Bedford and New London, were sunk on the bar at the entrance of the Main Ship channel, There are four channels leading out from Charleston harbor. The Main Ship channel runs southward along Morris Island. Maffitt's channel, on the northern side of the entrance, is along the south side of Sullivan's Islanild. Between these are the North channel and the Swash channel, the former having eight, and the latter nine feet of water on the bar. The Main Ship channel had fifteen feet, and Maffitt's channel eleven. six miles in a direct southern line from Fort Sumter. This was done under the superintendence of Fleet-captain Charles H. Davis. They were placed at intervals, checkerwise, so as to form disturbing currents that would perplex but not destroy the navigation Indeed, the affair was intended by the Government, and expected by those acquainted with the nature of the coast, the currents, and the harbor, to be only a temporary interference with na
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2.11 (search)
ert E. Park, Twelfth Alabama regiment. [continued from July Number.] September 26th, 1864 Miss Janet F----, a very pretty and intelligent young lady, came to the office, and brought us some delicacies. She is a granddaughter of Brigadier-General Fauntleroy, perhaps the oldest officer on the rolls of the Confederate army, now over eighty years of age, and daughter of Captain Fauntleroy of the Confederate navy, now serving his country on the high seas, aiding Admiral Semmes, Captain Maffitt, Commodore Maury and other gallant seamen. My wound gives me constant pain. The torn flesh protrudes nearly two inches, and the severed nerves torture me much. September 27th, 28th and 29th Three days of great suffering. Small bones are constantly working their way out of my wound, and the separated nerves and sinews keep me awake night and day. The good ladies are ministering angels, so incessant are they in their kind attentions. They are doing most excellent service in the
d none of the character of a vessel of war, she was released. Captain Maffitt, who had gone out with a cargo of cotton, here received a lettsel was ready for sea that she did not immediately go out, but Captain Maffitt, with sound judgment and nautical skill, decided to wait for ae smoke and canvas of the Florida furnished their only guide. Captain Maffitt thus describes the ruse by which he finally escaped: The canvain within thirty miles of New York. When near Cape St. Roque, Captain Maffitt capured a Baltimore brig, the Clarence, and fitted her out as Under these orders he destroyed many Federal vessels. Of him Captain Maffitt wrote: Daring, even beyond the point of martial prudence, he el expedition sent out against him. While under the command of Captain Maffitt the Florida, with her tenders, captured some fiftyfive vesselsit was necessary to go into some friendly harbor for repairs. Captain Maffitt says: I selected Brest, and, the Government courteously consen
der from Lincoln to crush Jackson, 90. McFarland, —, 100. McGrath, John, 200. McIlhenny, Captain, 424-25. McIntosh, General, 40. McKeefer, John, 200. McKernon, Thomas, 200. McLaughlin, General, 554. McLaws, General, 111, 120, 131, 270, 277, 278, 279-80, 282, 285, 286, 294, 296, 301, 302, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 372. McMurray, Daniel, 201. McNealis, John, 201. McNeil, General, 600. McPherson, General, 475. McRae, Colonel, 72, 77. McRae (boat), 186. Madison, James, 4. Maffitt, Captain, 217. Escape of Florida from Mobile harbor, 218-19. Activities of the Florida, 219. Magruder, Gen. John B., 60, 71, 76, 79, 102, 111, 119, 120-21, 124, 126, 127, 131, 196-97, 199, 201, 212, 590, 591. Preparations for McClellan's advance on Richmond, 67-68, 70. Advance, the 68-69, 71-74. Report on recapture of Galveston, 197-98. Report on battle of Sabine Pass, 200. Mahone, General, 300, 544. Major, General, 350. Mallory, S. R., 75, 170, 191, 192, 193, 589. Malone, Patric
sacrifice of our people could not remedy. General Beauregard believed—and expressed the opinion at the time—that we were engaged in a long and terrible war; and he earnestly wished to see the country prepared accordingly. He was therefore most anxious that Mr. Trenholm's proposals should be accepted. Four large and powerful steamers, and six smaller ones, but scarcely inferior for the required purpose—as these were represented to be—placed under the command of such officers as Semmes, Maffitt, Brown, Taylor, Jones, Huger, Hartstein, Hamilton, Pegram, and Reid, during the first year of the war, would not only have raised the attempted blockade, but would have driven the commerce of the United States from all the seas of the globe. This was abundantly proved by the exploits of the Sumter and Alabama, the results of which were so keenly felt by the North, that England, irresponsible though she was, paid, at a later date, the penalty of Admiral Semmes's achievements. In his Ris
he impression that our gunboats had done all that could have been expected of them. A careful reading of other telegrams, letters, and reports, Confederate as well as Federal, have, since that time, compelled him to modify his opinion. He now thinks that the Confederate flotilla, under Commodore Hollins, did not display the energy, resoluteness, and daring afterwards evinced by many an officer in the Confederate States navy, most conspicuous among whom were the heroic Admiral Semmes, Commodore Maffitt, and Captain Brown of the Arkansas. Among the gunboats brought from New Orleans by Commodore Hollins, or sent to him after he had left, was the celebrated ram Manassas, which, however, could not then be used to any advantage, for the reason, as it appears, that there was no Federal craft of any description south of Island No.10, against which her ramming qualities might be brought into play. Later, and just as she could have been of much use, General Lovell insisted upon her being
Cooke, true to his promise, started down the river, finishing his work and drilling his men in gun practice as he went. Maffitt says: At early dawn on the 18th, steam was up; ten portable forges, with numerous sledge hammers, were placed on boan; its back was turtle-shaped and protected by 2-inch iron. Cooke had ransacked the whole country for iron, until, says Maffitt, he was known as the Ironmonger captain. The entire construction, continues Maffitt, was one of shreds and patches; theMaffitt, was one of shreds and patches; the engine was adapted from incongruous material, ingeniously dovetailed and put together with a determined will that mastered doubt, but not without some natural anxiety as to derangements that might occur from so heterogeneous a combination. The Albons for the safety of the Albemarle. The vessel soon worked herself free and followed the other retreating gunboats. Maffitt thinks that this brilliant naval success insured the triumph of General Hoke, for it gave him, on the water side, a vuln
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