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Yorktown: up the Peninsula Henry W. Elson Guns marked Gen. Magruder, Yorktown in the positions where they defied McClellan's army a month The superfluous siege The Mortar Battery that Never Fired a Shot. By his much heralded Peninsula Campaign, McClellan had planned to end the war in a few days. He landed with his Army of the Potomac at Fortress Monroe, in April, 1862, intending to sweep up the peninsula between the York and James rivers, seize Richmond at one stroke, and scatter the routed Confederate army into the Southwest. At Yorktown, he was opposed by a line of fortifications that sheltered a force much inferior in strength to his own. For a whole month McClellan devoted all the energies of his entire army to a systematic siege. Its useless elaboration is well illustrated by Battery No. 4, one of fifteen batteries planted to the south and southeast of Yorktown. The ten monster 13-inch siege mortars, the complement of No. 4, had just been placed in positi
ng successfully defied the besiegers. Whence the defense was directed Headquarters of General Magruder in Yorktown. This pre-Revolutionary dwelling was on the main street, and here the young cof miles. Beyond the river was a line of trenches and forts, defended by a Confederate army. General Magruder had been stationed on the Peninsula with about eight thousand men. At the approach of McCle of the Revolution Used in the Civil War. The ditch, dug by Cornwallis in 1781, was deepened by Magruder in 1862. The higher earthworks to the left are also of Revolutionary origin. The sand-bag ramifications of the Confederates at Yorktown.) It was against such fortifications as these, which Magruder had hastily reenforced with sand-bags, that McClellan spent a month preparing his heavy batterir their heavy labors on the elaborate fortifications before Yorktown. The Confederate general, Magruder, had completely deceived McClellan as to the number of men under his command. The siege delaye
ght; The fight for the wagon trains Three times General Magruder led the Confederates against this position on June 29camped in the background. At dusk of the same day, after Magruder's attacks, the Camp was hastily broken and the troops, todson, Sedgwick, Smith, and Franklin fought valiantly when Magruder and the Confederates fell upon them, June 29, 1862. Alonps of the Federal Army repelled a desperate attack of General Magruder at Savage Station on June 29th. The next day they di recross the Chickahominy by the New Bridge and Huger and Magruder were sent in hot pursuit of the Federal forces. It was tof that same day he had already held at bay the forces of Magruder at Allen's Farm. On his way from Fair Oaks, which he lefising on the horizon. It was raised by the troops of General Magruder who was pressing close behind the Army of the Potomacof Lee's combined and superior forces. Fiery Prince John Magruder hurled column after column against the left of the Federa
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
15 missing. April, 1862. April 5, 1862: Warwick and Yorktown Roads, Va. Union, Advance of 4th Corps, Army of Potomac, towards Yorktown. Confed. Gen. J. B. Magruder's command. Losses: Union 3 killed, 12 wounded. Confed. 1 killed, 10 wounded. April 5, 1862-May 4, 1862: siege of Yorktown, Va. Union, Army ofnfed. 4 killed, 15 wounded. April 16, 1862: Lee's Mills, Va. Union, 3d, 4th, and 6th Vt., 3d N. Y. Battery and Battery of 5th U. S. Artil. Confed., Gen. J. B. Magruder's The closing of Savannah, April 12, 1862 This terrific punishment was inflicted upon the nearest angle of the Fort by the thirty-six heavy rifleding. Confed.--Army of Northern Virginia, Gen. R. E. Lee commanding. Losses: Maj.-Gen. Huger's Division, 187 killed, 803 wounded, 360 missing. Maj.-Gen. J. B. Magruder's command, 258 killed, 1,495 wounded, 30 missing. Maj.-Gen. James Longstreet's Division, 763 killed, 3,929 wounded, 239 missing. Maj.-Gen. A. P. Hi