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Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 62 2 Browse Search
Edward Alfred Pollard, The lost cause; a new Southern history of the War of the Confederates ... Drawn from official sources and approved by the most distinguished Confederate leaders. 62 2 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 52 0 Browse Search
Thomas C. DeLeon, Four years in Rebel capitals: an inside view of life in the southern confederacy, from birth to death. 37 1 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2. 30 0 Browse Search
John Dimitry , A. M., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.1, Louisiana (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 23 1 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.1, Alabama (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 21 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 27. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 14 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 11 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 11 1 Browse Search
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had promptly resigned and tendered their swords and services to her governor. Robert E. Lee — with his great family influence and connection-Joseph E. Johnston, Magruder, Stuart, and a host of others whose names shine bright in the annals of war, had even anticipated the formal act of secession; and its passage found them busily mpanies-was given him; and Norfolk was soon declared securely fortified. The Peninsula was even more exposed to land attack from Fortress Monroe; and General John B. Magruder had been sent there with a part of the Virginia army, with headquarters at Yorktown. General Magruder had long been a well-known officer of the U. S. ArGeneral Magruder had long been a well-known officer of the U. S. Army, where his personal popularity and a certain magnificence of manner had gained him the sobriquet of Prince John. He possessed energy and dash in no mean degree; and on arriving at his sphere of duty, strained every nerve to put the Peninsula in a state of defense. His work, too, was approved by the Confederate War Department;
ia soil. That morning the enemy had pressed boldly forward, in three heavy columns, against Magruder's lines at Big Bethel Church. He had been sharply repulsed in several distinct charges, with hters and from all classes. None had expected a different general result; for the confidence in Magruder's ability at that time, and in the pluck of his troops, was perfect; but the ease and dash withtill through the tough fabric for those dear boys! Along the other army lines, the news from Magruder's inspired the men with a wild desire to dash forward and have their turn, before the whole crond they marched in. Rumors of the wildest and most varied sort could be heard at any hour. Now Magruder had gained a terrible victory at Big Bethel, and had strewn the ground for miles with the slain line-too far from his base, sir! He'll amuse Beauregard and Johnston while they sweep down on Magruder. I want my orders for Yorktown. Mark my words! What is it, adjutant? The colonel talked on a
cers would lead them as gallantly, as before; it put a few hundred of the enemy hors de combat and maintained the right of way by the river to the South. But it was the occasion for another shout of triumph-perfectly incommensurate with its importance — to go up from the people; and it taught them still more to despise and underrate the power of the government they had so far successfully and brilliantly defied. Elsewhere than on the Potomac line, the case had been a little different. Magruder, on the Peninsula, had gained no success of note. A few unimportant skirmishes had taken place and the Confederate lines had been contracted — more from choice than necessity. But the combatants were near enough-and respected each other enough --for constant watchfulness to be considered necessary; and, though the personnel of the army was, perhaps, not as good as that of the Potomac, in the main its condition was better. At Norfolk nothing had been done but to strengthen the defenses
s a New on to Richmond. Joe Johnston's strategy from Manassas to Richmond Magruder's lively tactics the defenders come scenes of the March through a young vethe Peninsula-formed by the junction of the York and James rivers — in front of Magruder's fortifications. Failing at the front door, McClellan again read Caesar, and essayed the back entrance. Magruder's line of defense — a long one, reaching entirely across the Federal advance — was held by a nominal force, not exceeding 7,5ush of grave events that followed immediately upon it, the great importance of Magruder's tactics on the Peninsula has largely been lost sight of. That they were simp nullified by — a large and sonorous if; but there is no question but that-had Magruder permitted the tactician in his front to estimate his weakness — the Seven dayse last straggler had marched through to the front and Johnston's junction with Magruder was accomplished. The rosy clouds faded into gray again; and, though the f
oody cost the cry wrung from the people Mr. Davis stands firm Johnston relieves Bragg the Emancipation proclamation Magruder's Galveston amphiboid the Atlantic seaboard popular estimate of the status hope for the New year. And misfortunes wed faith in the cause and renewed determination to prove its right. Early in the New Year, news reached Richmond of Magruder's amphibious victory, the recapture of Galveston; which town had fallen a prey to the enemy's naval power early in October. On the last night of 1862-while the wearied troops of Bragg were sleeping on the bloody field of Murfreesboro-General Magruder, with a mixed command of three regiments of raw infantry, some nineteen pieces of field artillery, and a boarding fletheir broadsides and supported by a force of infantry. Coming suddenly upon them, like shadows through the darkness, Magruder's land force opened a hot fire with field artillery-and aided by the daring boarding of the Lane by Colonel Leon Smith's
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Manassas to Seven Pines. (search)
ision, . . . 10,592; Longstreet's division, . . . 13,816; Magruder's division, . . . 15,680 [240 too little.--J. E. J.] ; D.curate, it is not far from the truth; corrected as above, Magruder should be given 15,920 men. Mr. Davis continues: Majo, viz., 73,928, including the correction of the number in Magruder's division. Referring to our withdrawal from the northmond, opposed by not more than one-fifth of its number in Magruder's and D. H. Hill's divisions. This plan is probably the aph. of theNine-mile road with the New Bridge road, where Magruder was with four brigades. Longstreet, as ranking officerion; but I thought that it would be injudicious to engage Magruder's division, our only reserve, so late in the day. The sent three couriers one after the other, with an order to Magruder to send a force by the wooded path under the bluff, to athed before the reconnoissance, and delivered the order to Magruder promptly, his force, marching little more than a mile by
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Opposing forces at Seven Pines, May 31-June 1, 1862. (search)
ps engaged, June 1st, numbered about 14,000: Richardson's division, about 7000, with 4 batteries; 1 brigade of Kearny's division, about 1500; and 1 brigade and 2 regiments of Hooker's division, about 3500; there was no artillery with Kearny and Hooker. General Johnston estimates the strength of his army at 73,928. Other authorities place it at 62,696. The Official Records show that, on the 21st of May, Johnston's army was 53,688: Smith's division, 10,592; Longstreet's division, 13,816; Magruder's division (including D. R. Jones's division), 15,920; D. H. Hill's division, 11,151; cavalry and reserve artillery, 2209. Before May 31st, this force was increased by the arrival of A. P. Hill's division (estimated), 4000, and Huger's division (estimated), 5008. One of the five brigades of D. H. Hill's division was detached before May 31st. The aggregate of the 4 Confederate divisions engaged was about 39,000. The number in close action on the Williamsburg road, May 31st, was about 95
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., chapter 5.26 (search)
which crosses the Chickahominy at Long Bridge; the division of G. W. Smith and Magruder's forces — commanded by him before Johnston's army arrived at the Yorktown liniles from the city, with one brigade in observation at Bottom's Bridge; whilst Magruder's troops extended from Old Tavern, on theNine-mile road, to New Bridge, thence division was ordered to the ground vacated by mine on the Williamsburg road. Magruder's troops were not moved; but, at my request, I was relieved from longer commancommanding General Magruder, and he was ordered to report, in future, direct to General Johnston. At the same time D. R. Jones's division, two brigades, of Magruder's proMagruder's proper command, posted on our extreme left, remained temporarily under my control, for service in the proposed attack. Brigadier-General Whiting was regularly assigned,rushed, or routed, before 8 A. M. At that season daybreak was at about 4 A. M. Magruder's command and A. P. Hill's division were not moved. In order to form a prop
ngton on the 1st of April, arriving next day at Fortress Monroe. Of his army, 58,000 men and 100 guns were there before him, and nearly as many more on the way. Gen. Wool's force, holding the Fortress, is not included in these numbers. Gen. J. B. Magruder, at Yorktown, watched this ominous gathering in his front at the head of a Rebel force officially reported by limn at 11,000 in all: 6,000 being required to garrison Gloucester Point, Yorktown, and Mulberry Island; leaving but 5,000 availaG. B. McClellan, Maj.-General. All this promise ended in no performance. Gloucester was not attacked. Franklin's division was not even debarked, but lay idle more than a fortnight in the transports which brought it to the Peninsula, until Magruder saw fit to evacuate Yorktown. But a General, in such a position as his then was, should either be fully trusted or superseded. Stonewall Jackson, after his defeat March 23. by Shields at Kernstown, had retreated up the Valley, pursued by
nner supported Jackson; thus only Huger's and Magruder's divisions were left in front of our left anula; but, receiving no advices from Huger and Magruder, still between our army and Richmond, of any respectively, were to strike us in flank. Magruder, on the Williamsburg road, came in sight of ond was crossing White Oak Swamp. At 4 P. M., Magruder attacked in full force; and, though Gen. Hein track of our army, while huger, supported by Magruder, pushed down on our right. McClellan, witharmy had mainly emerged from the Swamp; while Magruder, with most of Huger's division, advancing on simultaneously advancing on their right, with Magruder's three divisions on his right, under generalarnage was fearful, some ground was gained by Magruder on our left, where Kershaw's and Semmes's brion was brought up by Longstreet to the aid of Magruder. Malvern Hill. Explanations. A 44. Howell Cobb reports that his brigade, of Magruder's division, went into battle at Savage's Stat[6 more...]
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