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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 10 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mahan, Alfred Taylor 1840- (search)
Mahan, Alfred Taylor 1840- Naval officer and author; born in West Point, N. Y., Sept. 27, 1840; son of Dennis Hart Mahan, for many years Professor of Military Engineering in the United States Military Academy; graduated at the Naval Academy in 1859; promoted lieutenant, 1861; Alfred Taylor Mahan, lieutenant-commander, 1865; commander, 1872; and captain, 1885. After the Civil War he served in the South Atlantic, Pacific, Asiatic, and European squadrons. During 1886-93 he was president oe naval advisory board, and in 1899 President McKinley appointed him a delegate to the peace conference at The Hague. Captain Mahan is known the world over for his publications on naval subjects, and particularly on naval strategy. He was dined b inland waters; Influence of sea power upon history; Influence of sea power upon the French Revolution and Empire; Life of Admiral Farragut; Life of Nelson; The interest of the United States in sea power. See Captain Mahan's article on naval ships.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Naval ships. (search)
Naval ships. Capt. Alfred Taylor Mahan (q. v.), author of The influence of sea power upon history; Life of Admiral Farragut; The interest of the United Slates in sea power, etc., writes as follows: In the conditions of naval warfare the nineteenth century has seen a revolution unparalleled in the rapidity of the transition and equalled in degree only by the changes which followed the general introduction of cannon and the abandonment of oars in favor of sails for the propulsion of ships-of-war. The latter step was consequent, ultimately, upon the discovery of the New World and of the sea-passage to India by the Cape of Good Hope. The voyage to those distant regions was too long and the remoteness from ports of refuge too great for rowing galleys, a class of vessels whose construction unfitted them for developing great size and for contending with heavy weather. The change of motive power made possible and entailed a different disposition of the fighting power, the main
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Peace conference, universal (search)
epresented: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Persia, Portugal, Rumania, Russia, Servia, Siam, Spain, Sweden and Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States of America. The United States were represented by the lion. Andrew D. White, ambassador to Berlin; the Hon. Seth Low, president of Columbia University; the Hon. Stanford Newel, minister to The Hague; Capt. Alfred T. Mahan, U. S. N.; Capt. William Crozier, U. S. A., and the Hon. Frederick W. Holls, of New York. At the opening of the conference, May 18, M. de Staal, the Russian ambassador, was elected President. The subjects suggested in the Russian circular of Jan. 11 were referred to three committees, the reports of which were submitted July 29 and signed by all. Accompanying the report were the following proposed conventions: I. Convention for the pacific settlement of international conflict