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Emil Schalk, A. O., The Art of War written expressly for and dedicated to the U.S. Volunteer Army., Example of battle with center and one wing reinforced: battle of Wagram, July 6, 1809. (search)
This left for the Austrian center and left wing but 70,000 men, against which Napoleon had concentrated nearly twice that number. The length of his front for center and left wing was about 11,000 yards, the accumulation of forces amounting, therefore, to from 11 to 12 men for every yard. Massenas's corps, with Bernadotte's, is opposite to Aderklaa. Oudinot's corps, with Lannes's, is opposite to Baumersdorf. Davoust, with his corps, is opposite to Neusiedel. Eugene, Wrede, and Marmont are in advance of Rahsdorf, in third and fourth lines of battle. On the left of the center, a battery of 100 guns forms the communication between the center and the left wing. This battle can also serve as an example of a convex and concave order of battle; it shows well the danger of the convex order. If the Austrians force the left wing of the French, they find themselves at once in rear of the whole army. In this case, however, this operation could not be executed with the nece
be so made that, from resting, the troops can quickly join and form in line of battle. In camping, the tents should be disposed so that each battalion, brigade, division, etc. can form from its camp at once in line or in order for marching; advanced guards, posts, and pickets should be disposed, and the distances from the main body should be calculated the same as for columns in marching — that is, that the army should have time to assemble and form for battle. The disposition for camps will be found in all army regulations; and this, as well as the cantoning of troops, being the special mission of the officers of the general staff, it would be useless to say more here concerning it. I trust that this summary will suffice to give the reader a general but a clear idea of the great operations of war. For special study, the works of General Jomini, Ternay, Frederick II., Archduke Charles, Loyd, Clausewitz, the Memoirs of Napoleon, Marshal Marmont, etc. etc. should be consulted