Nine States, a requisite number, had approved the Constitution before Virginia acted.
The debates in her convention on this subject have no equal in intellectual vigor.
Mental giants, full-armed with wisdom, fought on either side.
In one rank-opposed to the adoption of the Constitution as it came from the hands of its framers — was Patrick Henry, George Mason, Richard Henry Lee, James Monroe, Benjamin Harrison, and William Grayson.
In the other were James Madison, John Marshall, Edmund Randolph, Edmund Pendleton, and General Henry Lee, and behind them, as a powerful reserve, was the great influence of Washington.
On the final vote friends of the measure secured a majority of only ten votes.
The next State to adopt it after Virginia was New York, and she did so by only three votes.
North Carolina did not join the Union immediately, and Rhode Island for fifteen months, after the new Constitution had gone into operation.
The delay in the action of these States
177, 189, 192, 197.
McLaws, General, at Gettysburg, 279, 280; mentioned, 198, 202, 204, 206, 209, 254.
McLean, Wilmer, of Appomattox, 393.
McPherson Heights, 271.
Marlborough, Duke of, 171, 288.
Malvern Hill, battle of, 163, 165, 173.
Manassas, second battle of, 186.
Mangold, Captain of German army, 301.
Mansfield, General, killed at Antietam, 213.
Marye's Hill, 230, 231.
Maryland Heights, 104, 203, 206, 213.
Marshall, Colonel, Charles, of Lee's staff, 393.
Marshall, John, 10.
Marshall, William, 19.
Mason, Captain, 39.
Matamoras, city of, 63.
Mattapony River, 338.
Matthews, John, 9.
Maxey, General, killed at Fredericksburg, 233.
Mayflower, slaves on, 83.
Meade, Bishop, 95.
Meade, General George G., succeeds Hooker, 269; his character, 269; statement by, 299; censured, 306; mentioned, 227, 228, 277, 278, 283, 302, 304.
Meagher's Irish brigade, 231.
Meigs, General, 107.
Merrimac frigate, 138.
Merritt, General, Wesley, mentioned, 3