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u, there is danger of it. I shall be much mistaken if administration do not now, from the present state of our currency, dissensions, and other circumstances, push matters to the utmost extremity. Nothing will prevent it but the interposition of Spain, and their disappointed hope from Russia. Washington to George Mason, Middlebrook, 27 March, 1779. Copied by me from Ms. draft in Washington's handwriting: printed from the papers of George Mason, in the Virginia Historical Register, v. 96. Marshall's Life of Washington, i. 291. On the eighteenth of May he wrote to another May 18. friend: I never was, and much less reason have I now to be, afraid of the enemy's arms; but I have no scruples in declaring to you, that I have never yet Chap. IX.} 1779. seen the time in which our affairs, in my opinion, were at as low an ebb as at the present; and, without a speedy and capital change, we shall not be able to call out the resources of the country. Writings of Washington, ed. Sparks
rd and marked them for his own. Two miles from such an enclosure, on a wide plain covered with primeval pines and chestnut and oak, about sixteen miles from Spartanburg, seven miles from the Cherokee ford on the Broad river, and a little less than five miles from the line of North Carolina, Morgan encamped his party for the night. Greene had left Morgan to his discretion, yet with warning against risk in a battle; his best officers now urged him beyond all things to avoid an engagement. Marshall's Life of Washington, i. 402. With a noble confidence in himself and in his troops, he resolved to give battle to his pursuers. Chap. XXII.} 1781. Jan. 16. In the evening, he moved among his men, inspiring them with cheerfulness. During the night, Pickens, who had been for a few days absent, returned with about one hundred and fifty militia, and another party of fifty came in. At an hour before daylight, Morgan, through his 17. excellent system of spies, knew that Tarleton's troops w
ered with massive forest-trees and a thick undergrowth. To receive the enemy, he selected three separate positions: the first, admirably chosen; the second, three hundred yards in the rear of the first, was entirely in the woods; between one quarter and one third of a mile in the rear of the Chap. XXIII.} 1781. March 15. second was the third position, where he drew up his best troops obliquely, according to the declivities of a hill on which they were posted, most of them in a forest. Marshall's Life of Washington, i. 412. The positions were so far apart that they could give each other no support; so that Cornwallis had to engage, as it were, three separate armies, and in each engagement he would have a superiority in numbers. Greene had always differed with the commander-in-chief on the proper manner of using militia, —Washington being convinced that they should be used as a reserve to improve an advantage, while Greene insisted that they ought to be placed in front; and he now
ps of the state, had in charge to hold the country between Camden and Ninety-Six, and Pickens with the western militia to intercept supplies on their way to Ninety-Six and Augusta. Ramsay, II. 227; differing a little from Johnson, II. 68, and Marshall, II. 4. After these preparations, Greene on the seventh 7. began his march from Deep river, and on the twen- 20. tieth encamped, his army a half mile from the strong and well-garrisoned works of Camden. In the hope of intercepting a partf Charleston; having had, like the commander-in-chief, to contend with every evil that could come from the defects in government, and from want of provisions, clothes, and pay for his troops. Morris, the financier, The story which, according Marshall, Robert Morris told of to his keeping an agent near Greene with means to assist him, is not found to stand the test of historic criticism. neglected him, sending him good words and little else. Yet while he saw clearly all the perils and evils