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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Women and Men, chapter 2 (search)
II. outside of the shelter. Many years ago, in April, 1859, Harriet Martineau wrote an article on Female industry, in the Edinburgh Review, and stated very forcibly the wholly changed conditions of women's labor since the days when Adam delved and eve span. She called attention to the simple fact that a very large proportion of English women now earn their own bread, and that upon this changed condition the whole question must turn. A social organization, she said, framed for a community of which half staved at home while the other half went out to work cannot answer the purposes of a society of which a quarter remains at home while three-quarters go out to work. She pointed out that while it might formerly leave been true, as a rule, that men supported women, it was also true that this state of things had already ceased to be the general fact. Three millions out of six of adult English women work for subsistence, and two out of the three in independence. With this new con
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Women and Men, chapter 3 (search)
It was the Latin epitaph upon the model woman that she stayed at home and spun--Domum servavit, lanam fecit. It is a motto which Mr. Newell, the scientific explorer of nursery rhymes, would perhaps find preserved in Mrs. Mouse's answer to the frog who would a-wooing go : Pray, Mistress Mouse, are you within? -- Heigho! says Rowley. Oh yes, kind sir; I'm sitting to spin -- With a Rowley, Powley, etc. But as no amount of spinning saved that excellent matron from the terrible cat, so Harriet Martineau and other literary women might be as good housekeepers as they pleased without clearing themselves from reproach. Indeed, it is rather pathetic to notice how the pioneer women authors in America, such as Mrs. Child and Miss Leslie, endeavored to disarm public judgment by printing some Frugal Housewife or Seventy-five Receipts before showing their heads as writers. Even now the practice is not discontinued, and Marion Harland, with all her wide popularity, has to wind up with a practi
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Women and Men, chapter 45 (search)
nd says, with sincere but tardy contrition, I am afraid I have tired you. Oh no, says the patient; not at all. It is her last gasp for that morning; she can scarcely muster strength to say it; but let us be polite or die. Brevity is the soul of visiting, as of wit, and in both eases the soul is hard to grasp. As some preacher used to follow a sound maxim for his sermons, No soul saved after the first twenty minutes, so you cannot aid in saving the sick body after the first five. Harriet Martineau, in her Life in the Sickroom, says that invalids are fortunate if there is not some intrusive person who needs to be studiously kept at a distance. But the peril of which I speak comes not from the intrusive, but from the affectionate and the conscientious-those who bring into the room every conceivable qualification for kind service except observation and tact. The invalid's foes are they of his or her own household, or, at any rate, are near friends or kind neighbors. The kinder t
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Women and Men, chapter 51 (search)
o, here and there, what may fairly be regarded as first-class intellectual work. Until within a century but one single instance of this success was recorded — that of Sappho, in lyric poetry. Within the last century other instances have followed-Rachel in dramatic art, Rosa Bonheur in animal painting, George Sand and George Eliot in prose fiction. These cases are unquestionable. Other women have at least reached a secondary place in other spheres — as Mrs. Somerville in science, Harriet Martineau in political economy, Elizabeth Barrett Browning in poetry. The inference would seem natural that it is simply a case of slower development — a thing not at all discouraging in a world where evolution reigns, and the last comer generally wins. Meanwhile, as there is no profession — not even the stage — in which a woman is not still a little handicapped, it is natural that she should disguise her work as man's work; and that Miss Murfree should find complete shelter under the very
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1, Chapter 10: Prudence Crandall.—1833. (search)
ote James Lib. 3.7. Cropper to Arnold Buffum in August, 1832. Meantime Elliott Cresson's activity among the wealthy and philanthropic denomination of which Cropper was so admirable a representative, was practically unchecked, though his unscrupulousness had been discovered. He lost no time Clarkson's Strictures on Life of Wilberforce, and Wilberforce's letter to Clarkson, Oct. 10, 1831. after his arrival out In the summer of 1831. (See African Repository for November; also, Harriet Martineau's Autobiography, 1.149.) in visiting Wilberforce, whom he failed to convince of the practicability of transporting the blacks to Liberia; and the blind Clarkson, whom he deceived by the most outrageous fictions in regard to the emancipatory intentions and influence of the Society, and committed to a guarded approval of it in terms Lib. 3.189. which nevertheless betrayed the misrepresentations to which the writer had been subjected. Transmitted by Cresson to the home organ, the endo
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1, Chapter 13: Marriage.—shall the Liberator die?George Thompson.—1834. (search)
rel with no results fairly brought out by such a test, whether they inspire him with shame or with complacency. In either case, he will be animated by them (Harriet Martineau's Society in America, Part 1, Politics). It must also be clear that a people which had blessed Polish banners in Faneuil Hall Ante, p. 250. had nothing tot of his departure happily saved him from such a reception as had been contrived for Mr. Garrison a year before. He was to have taken passage in the United H. Martineau's Autobiography, 1.335, and Retrospect of Western Travel, Chap. 1. States, which brought over Harriet Martineau a little in advance of him, and of which the caHarriet Martineau a little in advance of him, and of which the captain was admonshed by the pilot to hide Mr. Thompson for his life if he had him on board. This precaution might have been justified. Toward the close of September, however, there was a temporary lull in the mob energy which for two months had displayed itself in every part of the North, beginning with New York; and the efforts o
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3, Chapter 1: re-formation and Reanimation.—1841. (search)
cost of the resignation of a few members like Dr. Wardlaw (Lib. 11.77, 89, 93, 149; Mss. Feb. 23, 1841, R. Wardlaw to J. A. Collins, and May 2, 1841, Collins to W. L. G.; and Collins's letter to the Glasgow Argus, April 26, 1841). Finally, Harriet Martineau took her stand with Mr. Garrison, Collins, and their associates in the most pronounced manner (Lib. 11: 51; Ms. Feb. 20, 1841, Miss Martineau to Collins). George Thompson's open adhesion came later (Lib. 11.145, 201). The result was in all Miss Martineau to Collins). George Thompson's open adhesion came later (Lib. 11.145, 201). The result was in all respects, pecuniary and moral, disastrous to the British and Foreign A. S. Society. We supposed he would make his appeal to the abolitionists at large and take Lib. 11.53. his chance accordingly. I fear, also, that he may not have been so guarded at all times in his language as could have been desirable, respecting the transfer of the Emancipator—a Ante, 2.342, 343, 351. transfer that was certainly very dishonorable, and wholly unworthy of the character of those who participated in it. Gerri
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3, Chapter 8: the Anti-Sabbath Convention.—1848. (search)
Doctor, and he did not fail to profit by it. In 1853, having occasion to review the incident of his meeting with Dr. Channing at the State House (ante, 2: 96), Mr. Garrison wrote (Lib. 23: 154): When Dr. Channing took me by the hand, it was only an act of ordinary civility on his part, as he did not catch my name, and did not know me personally; and, therefore, meant nothing at all by it. No interchange of opinions took place between us on that occasion. If, afterward [as reported by Miss Martineau], on ascertaining distinctly who it was that had been introduced to him, he remarked that he was not the less happy to have shaken hands with me, I can only say that never, at any subsequent period, to the hour of his death, did he intimate a desire to see me again; and neither by accident nor design did we ever again meet each other face to face. The truth is, I was no favorite of Dr. Channing, at any time. He never gave me one word of counsel or encouragement. He never invited me t
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3, Chapter 10: the Rynders Mob.—1850. (search)
, 1856, Library of American literature, 4.308; Wm. H. Herndon, 1856, Lib. 26.70; Theodore Parker, 1856, Lib. 26.81; Harriet Martineau, 1857, Lib. 27: 173); 400,000 (W. L. G., 1857, Lib. 27: 72; Owen Lovejoy, April 5, 1860, Lib. 30: 62). For the sakee author of The martyr age of the United States, which crossed the ocean almost simultaneously with Thompson: Harriet Martineau to W. L. Garrison. The Knoll, Ambleside, October 23d, 1850. Ms. my dear friend: This is just to say that if om this source, I cannot send it. With my best regards to your wife, I am, dear friend, Yours affectionately, Harriet Martineau. It was shortly after the Rynders mob, and during a protracted assault on Mr. Garrison for his blasphemous Lib design, bore the injunction, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. So far had blasphemy corrupted the editor. Miss Martineau, who had illustrated in the most signal manner both the intellectual and the political capacity of her sex, penned th
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3, Chapter 15: the Personal Liberty Law.—1855. (search)
as by superhuman power, he is convalescent, and looking and feeling much better than he has done for a year past! How happy will he be to take you by the hand, and you not less so to reciprocate congratulations! Mrs. Maria W. Chapman to W. L. Garrison. [Weymouth, Mass., Dec. 1, 1855.] Ms. Saturday. Most cordial thanks for your kind words of welcome. I hoped to have seen you on Wednesday, and tried hard; for I had a message and paper to give you from one who loves you well—Harriet Martineau. My sister Mary will give you the Mary G. Chapman. paper. It was copied with great difficulty, owing to her extreme feebleness at the time; and under that sense of the precarious tenure by which she has her life at this time, which gives to it the earnestness and impressiveness of a dying utterance. The piece transcribed was the Rev. W. J. Fox's hymn, A little child in bulrush ark (Lib. 25: 194). I hope Mrs. Garrison is better this morning. My kindest love to her and all your
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