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ter to occupy that spot and call it Middletown. Shepard remained in the New Town, and his presence there is believed to have shaped its destinies. For his vigilancy against heresies had been well proved in the Hutchinson controversy, and Cotton Mather tells us that it was with a respect unto this vigilancy, and the enlightening and powerful ministry of Mr. Shepard, that, when the foundation of a college was to be laid, Cambridge rather than any other place was pitched upon to be the seat of that happy seminary: out of which there proceeded many notable preachers, who were made such by their sitting under Mr. Shepard's ministry. Mather's Magnalia, III. v. 12. The founding of Harvard College was, of course, the cardinal event in the history of Cambridge. In October, 1636, the General Court agreed to give £ 400 toward the founding of a college; in November, 1637, it was ordered that the college should be placed in the New Town. And as wee were thinking and consulting how to effec
men wrote the words Cambridge, Massachusetts, on their letters with respect born of the labors of a modest man who sought no civic office. Such men are the choicest possessions of a municipality. To him I owe valuable scientific counsel and criticism; and he, too, had an ever-bubbling fountain of enthusiasm and human sympathy. When the city forester proposed to remove the veteran elm which stands at my gate, an elm which has doubtless been a resident of Cambridge since the time of Cotton Mather, Dr. Gray rushed from his library and saved it, and then returned to his important labors. The tree still lives, and in the spring evenings, when I walk up Garden Street beneath the row of trees which the city owes to his care and foresight, I remember the active step which at seventy years was hard to overtake, and I feel a consciousness of that immortality for which his whole life pleaded. He still lives in his works and in his trees. Then, too, there was a distinguished contemporary
. Market House, 36. Markham, Jeannette, school for girls, 217. Marshes, 110. Masonic organizations. See Freemasonry. Massachusetts Avenue (Concord Road), 37. Massachusetts Bay, Company of, transference of its charter a popular movement, 1; its first settlements, 1; seeks a seat of government, 1; what governed its choice, 1; the enemy most to be feared, 1; Charles I. intended its suppression, 1; erects New Town for a seat of government, 2. Massachusetts, cities in, 541. Mather, Cotton, commends Mr. Shepard's vigilancy, 7. Mattabeseck (Middletown), Conn., 7. Mayor, 401. Mayors, list of, 63. Medford, removes its powder from Charlestown, 23. Meeting-house, the first, 5, 234. Memorial Day exercises on the Common. 51. Memorial Hall, site of, 36, 37. Menotomy, becomes the Second Parish of Cambridge, 9, 14, 236. Menotomy Road (Massachusetts Avenue), 133. Methodist churches, 240. Middlesex Bank, 303. Middletown, Conn., settled, 7. Mil