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J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 29 (search)
n. Winder to permit Mr. Wm. Matthews, just from California, to leave the country. Gen. W. sends the letter to the Assistant Secretary of War, Judge Campbell, who allows it; and the passport is given, without the knowledge of the President or the Secretary of War. The news from Mexico (by the Northern papers) is refreshing to our people. The notables of the new government, under the auspices of the French General, Forey, have proclaimed the States an Empire, and offered the throne to Maximilian of Austria; and if he will not accept, they implore the Emperor of France to designate the one who shall be their Emperor. Our people, very many of them, just at this time, would not object to being included in the same Empire. The President is still scrutinizing Beauregard. The paper read from the general a few days since giving a statement of his forces, and the number of the enemy, being sent to the President by the Secretary of War, was returned to-day with the indorsement, that
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XLIX. April, 1865 (search)
f the Examiner, is dead. The following dispatch from Gen. Lee is just (10 A. M.) received: headquarters, April 1st, 1865. his Excellency President Davis. Gen. Beauregard has been ordered to make arrangements to defend the railroad in North Carolina against Stoneman. Generals Echols and Martin are directed to co-operate, and obey his orders. R. E. Lee. A rumor (perhaps a 1st of April rumor) is current that a treaty has been signed between the Confederate States Government and Maximilian. April 2 Bright and beautiful. The tocsin was sounded this morning at daybreak, and the militia ordered to the fortifications, to relieve some regiments of Longstreet's corps, posted on this side of the river. These latter were hurried off to Petersburg, where a battle is impending, I suppose, if not in progress. A street rumor says there was bloody fighting yesterday a little beyond Petersburg, near the South Side Road, in which Gen. Pickett's division met with fearful loss,
time of peace to be confined to the regulations in his coming and going, and declined the generous offer. About that time there was an apprehension that we might have trouble in Mexico. Every one looked with suspicion upon the appearance of Maximilian in the city of Mexico. General Logan was requested to hold himself in readiness to go there. as United States minister, should it be necessary to send him, and but for the discomfiture and the melancholy taking off of that ill-fated and deluded sovereign, Maximilian, General Logan would probably have entered the diplomatic service. He had no taste for it, however, when there was little probability of eventful times. Soon after he was requested to accept the mission to Japan, but having no desire to become isolated from his own country, he also declined that position, expecting to again return to the profession of the law. During the winter he was called to Washington to attend to some business affairs of his own and of some fri
General Horace Porter, Campaigning with Grant, Chapter 32 (search)
ad been captured, and 174,223 Confederate soldiers had been paroled. There was no longer a rebel in arms, the Union cause had triumphed, slavery was abolished, and the National Government was again supreme. The Army of the Potomac, Sheridan's cavalry, and Sherman's army had all reached the capital by the end of May. Sheridan could not remain with his famous corps, for General Grant sent him post-haste to the Rio Grande to look after operations there in a contemplated movement against Maximilian's forces, who were upholding a monarchy in Mexico, in violation of the Monroe doctrine. It was decided that the troops assembled at Washington should be marched in review through the nation's capital before being mustered out of service. The Army of the Potomac, being senior in date of organization, and having been for four years the more direct defense of the capital city, was given precedence, and May 23 was designated as the day on which it was to be reviewed. During the preced
leaving Washington flight of General Early Maximilian making demonstrations on the upper Rio Grande Confederates join Maximilian the French invasion of Mexico and its relations to the rebellion ct, he looked upon the invasion of Mexico by Maximilian as a part of the rebellion itself, because oible, the escaping Confederates from joining Maximilian. With this purpose in view, and not forgette speedy evacuation of the entire country by Maximilian, had not our Government weakened; contenting with Napoleon. As the summer wore away, Maximilian, under Mr. Seward's policy, gained in strengges being promoters of the enterprise, which Maximilian took to readily. He saw in it the possibiliumors pointing to the tottering condition of Maximilian's Empire-first, that Orizaba and Vera Cruz wssarily been but an outline — is soon told. Maximilian, though deserted, determined to hold out to eral leaders unfortunate enough to fall into Maximilian's hands during the prosperous days of his Em
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Index. (search)
Richmond Howitzers Law Club, 49 Robertson, Frederick William, 92 Rodes, Robert Emmett: description of, 261-62; mentioned, 192, 197, 209-10. Roll of Honor, 343-44. St. George's Church, Fredericksburg, Va., 139-40. St. George's Church, New York, N. Y., 92 St. Paul's Church, Richmond, Va., 92 Salem Church, Battle of, 174-79, 213 Sassafras, 162 Savage Station, 64, 94-98, 116-17. Savannah, Ga., 78, 229, 275, 317 Sayler's Creek, 261, 318, 326-35, 351 Schele DeVere, Maximilian, 51 Scott, Thomas Y., 292-93. Scott, Winfield, 36-37. Scribner's, 210 Secession Convention, Va., 189-90. Sedgwick, John, 146-47, 164-66, 174- 79, 189, 213 Selden, Nathaniel, 149 Semmes, Paul Jones, 174 Seven Days Campaign, 89, 91-118, 191 Seven Pines, 18, 88-91, 109 Seward, William Henry, 26, 288 Sharpsburg Campaign, 66, 118, 124- 27, 198 Sharpshooting, 76-77, 290, 295-301. Sheldon, Winthrop Dudley, 175 Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864, Stonewall Br
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 16: Secession of Virginia and North Carolina declared.--seizure of Harper's Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.--the first troops in Washington for its defense. (search)
t. He went to Europe, and there used every means in his power, by the grossest misrepresentations, to injure the character of his Government. Finally, on the 25th of May, 1865, when the rebellion was crushed, he wrote a note at sea, to Rear-Admiral S. W. Godon, then at Havana, saying:--In peace, as in war. I follow the fortunes of my native State, Virginia: and expressed his willingness to accept a parol on the terms granted to General Lee. He went to Mexico; and, in the autumn of 1865, Maximilian appointed him Imperial Commissioner of Colonization, to promote immigration from the Southern States of our Republic. General Taliaferro, the commander of all the forces in southeastern Virginia, arrived at Norfolk with his staff on the evening of the 18th, and at once took measures for the seizure of the Navy Yard and the ships of war. The naval officers who had abandoned their flag joined him, and the secessionists of Norfolk were eager for the drama to open. On the following day, t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 2: Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. (search)
withdrew. They marched upon and seized the capital, and then, in accordance with a previous arrangement made with leaders of the Church party, the Austrian Archduke Maximilian was chosen Emperor of Mexico by a ridiculous minority of the people, known as the Notables, and placed on a throne. This movement was offensive to the peop of the United States, for they saw in it not only an outrage upon a sister republic, but a menace of their own. No diplomatic intercourse was held by them with Maximilian, and when the civil war was closed, in 1865, and it was seen that our Government was more powerful than ever, Louis Napoleon, trembling with alarm, heeded its w the peril of forcible expulsion by our troops. He was mortified and humbled, and, with a perfidy unparalleled in the history of rulers, he abandoned his dupe, Maximilian, and left him to struggle on against the patriots fighting for their liberties under the direction of their President, Benito Juarez, until the Emperor was fina
ntial channels, from Paris that Emperor Louis Napoleon had made substantially this proposition to the English government:-- That the two governments should unite in recognizing the independence of the Confederacy. That a treaty should then immediately be made with the Confederacy through Mason and Slidell. That Louis Napoleon, being promised aid by the rebels, should make an attack upon Mexico [which was afterwards made without their aid], for the purpose of establishing the empire of Maximilian, and that he should occupy New Orleans as a base of his operations, as Vera Cruz was not a harbor that could be safely occupied by a fleet, on account of its exposure to the northers. More in detail, the last part of the scheme was this: The Emperor was to assemble his fleet at Martinique under the pretence of blockading Mexican ports,--which would be a mere pretence, for no such blockade would have been of any use. At once upon a declaration of war, without any further notice to us, hi
g the small arms used during the conflict, and to making preparations for the conversion of the old Springfield muskets, the best in the world of their kind, into rifled breech-loaders, the new type which the experience of war had brought into being. France had sent an army into Mexico. The United States declared this a violation of the Monroe Doctrine, and the issue was doubtful. The Ordnance Department expected further trouble, but was fully prepared for it. The able officers of the department and the devoted personnel under their direction had made an institution unsurpassed in history. Be it for peace or war, no concern was felt for the outcome, for arms, equipments, and miscellaneous stores for nearly two million men were ready for issue, or already in the hands of troops. This was the net result of the great labors of the men of the department. But France realized the power of the United States, withdrew her forces from the support of Maximilian, and the crisis was past.
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