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illed, 124 wounded, and 8 missing; total, 156. In December, 1864, the Eighteenth Corps was discontinued, upon which the regiment was assigned to Fairchild's (4th) Brigade, Foster's (1st) Division, Twenty-fourth Corps, in which command it took part in the closing battles of the war. The Fifty-fifth lost 750 men, killed or wounded, during the eleven months preceding Lee's surrender. Fifty-Seventh Pennsylvania Infantry. Graham's Brigade — Birney's Division--Third Corps. (1) Col. William Maxwell. (3) Col. Peter sides. (2) Col. Charles T. Campbell; Brig. Gen. (4) Col. George Zinn; Bvt. Brig. Gen. companies. killed and died of wounds. died of disease, accidents, in Prison, &c. Total Enrollment. Officers. Men. Total. Officers. Men. Total. Field and Staff 2 1 3       18 Company A 1 17 18   20 20 210   B   16 16   26 26 172   C   20 20   24 24 166   D 1 13 14   25 25 166   E 3 14 17   17 17 142   F   15 15   19 19 145   G  
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bimetallism, (search)
tration. In the party conventions of 1900 the Republicans gave a stanch support to the policy of the administration, especially on the complicated questions growing out of the war with Spain. and particularly on the one involving the future of the Philippine Islands: and the Democrats based their campaign chiefly on opposition to trusts and territorial expansion. The disposition of the Democratic leaders was to ignore entirely the silver question. The Republicans renominated President McKinley, and the Democrats Mr. Bryan, and the latter, in a remarkable tour of political speech-making, while dealing with the antitrust and imperialist features of the platform on which he was renominated, continued an earnest advocacy of the 16-to-1 silver policy. The result of this election. in which unquestionably many sound-money Democrats gave their support to the Republican candidates, was the second defeat of Mr. Bryan. See Bryan, William J.; Evarts, William Maxwell; Morrill, Justin Smith.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brandywine, battle on the. (search)
he other by General Knyphausen. Washington had advanced almost to Red Clay Creek, and sent General Maxwell with his brigade to form an ambuscade in the direction of the enemy. In a skirmish the Bri000 Pennsylvania militia under General Armstrong were at Pyle's Ford, 2 miles below Chad's. General Maxwell, with 1,000 light troops, was posted on the west side of the creek to dispute the passage of Knyphausen. The latter attempted to dislodge Maxwell, who, after a severe fight, was pushed to the edge of the Brandywine, where he was reinforced. Then he turned upon his pursuers and drove them back to the main line. Perceiving danger of being flanked, Maxwell fled across the stream, leaving its western banks in possession of the enemy. Knyphausen now brought his great guns to bear upon retreat behind the division of Greene. At twilight there was a skirmish near Dilworth between Maxwell and his light troops, lying in ambush to cover the retreat of the Americans, and some British g
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chew, Benjamin 1722- (search)
Chew, Benjamin 1722- Jurist; born in West River, Md., Nov. 29, 1722; settled in Philadelphia in 1745; was recorder in 1755-72; and became chief-justice of Pennsylvania in 1774. During the Revolutionary War he sided with the royalist party, and in 1777 he was imprisoned in Fredericksburg, Va., because he had refused to give a parole. On Oct. 4, 1777, during the battle of Germantown, a British outpost took refuge in his large stone mansion, and the Americans, in order to drive them out, fired on the building with muskets and cannon. The building, however, was too strongly built to be demolished by the 3 and 6 pounder field-pieces of that time. A brigade commanded by Maxwell was left to surround the house, while the main American force pushed on. This incident gave the British time to prepare for the American attack. From 1790 to 1806, when the High Court of Errors and Appeals was abandoned, he was president of that court. He died Jan. 20, 1810. See Germantown, battle of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Evans, Robley Dunglison, 1863- (search)
Evans, Robley Dunglison, 1863- Naval officer; born in Virginia; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1863; took part in the attack on Fort Fisher, where he was severely wounded; was in command of the Yorktown in the harbor of Valparaiso, Chile, in 1891, during a period of strained relations between the United States and Chile; commanded the battle-ship Iowa and took an active part in the destruction of Cervera's fleet; was promoted rear-admiral in 1901. He is author of A sailor's log and many magazine articles. Evarts, William Maxwell
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fremont, John Charles 1813-1890 (search)
bridges formed by huge fragments of granite, beneath which was heard the roar of the water. These constantly obstructed our path, forcing us to make long detours, frequently obliged to retrace our steps, and frequently falling among the rocks. Maxwell was precipitated towards the face of a precipice, and saved himself from going over by throwing himself flat on the ground. We clambered on, always expecting with every ridge that we crossed to reach the foot of the peaks, and always disappoint place where the mules had been left. We were now better acquainted with the topography of the country; and I directed him to bring back with him, if it were in any way possible, four or five mules, with provisions and blankets. With me were Maxwell and Ayer; and, after we had remained nearly an hour on the rock, it became so unpleasantly cold, though the day was bright, that we set out on our return to the camp, at which we all arrived safely, straggling in one after the other. I continue
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Germantown, battle of. (search)
le army), moved on a circuitous route to attack the front of the British right wing, while the Maryland and New Jersey militia, under Smallwood and Forman, marched to fall upon the rear of that wing. Lord Stirling, with the brigades of Nash and Maxwell, Map of battle. formed the reserve. Howe's force stretched across the country from Germantown, with a battalion of light infantry and Simcoe's Queen's Rangers (American loyalists) in the front. In advance of the left wing were other light and lower windows, and made it a castle. From its upper windows he poured such a volley of bullets upon Woodford's pursuing brigade that their march was checked. The fire of the American small-arms upon the building was ineffectual. Finally Maxwell's artillerists brought cannon to bear upon the house, but its strong walls resisted the heavy, round shot. Then an attempt was made to set fire to the mansion. This check in the pursuit brought back Wayne's division, leaving Sullivan's flank u
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- (search)
created a dictator for six months, the general thought he ought to submit everything to the orders of Congress and to the deliberations of a council of war. After having advanced as far as Wilmington, the general had detached 1,000 men under Maxwell, the most ancient brigadier in the army. At the first march of the English, he was beaten by their advance-guard near Christiana Bridge. During that time the army took but an indifferent station at Newport. They then removed a little south, w was both confused and contradictory. Owing to the conformity of name between two roads that were of equal length and parallel to each other, the best officers were mistaken in their reports. The only musket-shots that had been fired were from Maxwell, who killed several of the enemy, but was driven back upon the left of the American army, across a ford by which he had before advanced. Three thousand militia had been added to the army, but they were placed in the rear to guard some still mor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maguaga, battle of. (search)
s, you will add another victory to that of Tippecanoe—another laurel to that gained on the Wabash last fall. If there is now any man in the ranks of the detachment who fears to meet the enemy, let him fall out and stay behind! They all cried out, I'll not stay! I'll not stay! and, led by Miller, they pressed southward, in an order ready for battle at any moment, until, about 4 A. M. on Aug. 9, they reached the vicinity of Maguaga, 14 miles below Detroit. Spies had led the way, under Major Maxwell, followed by a vanguard of forty men, under Captain Snelling, of the 4th Regiment. The infantry moved in two columns, about 200 yards apart. The cavalry kept the road in the centre, in double file; the artillery followed, and flank guards of riflemen marched at proper distances. In the Oak Woods, at Maguaga, near the banks of the Detroit, they received from an ambush of British and Indians, under Major Muir and Tecumseh, a terrible volley. This was a detachment sent over from Fort Ma
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maxwell, William 1775- (search)
Maxwell, William 1775- Military officer; born in New Jersey; was made colonel of the 2d New Jersey Battalion in 1775, and served in the campaign in Canada in 1776. He had been in the provincial army continually for fifteen years before the Revolutionary War broke out. In October, 1776, he was appointed brigadier-general, and, in command of a New Jersey brigade, was distinguished at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. He was in Sullivan's campaign in 1779, and soon after the action at Springfield, N. J., in 1780, he resigned. He died Nov. 12, 1798.
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