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es of material, and very extensive instruction in the theory and practice of their special arm. The operations on the Peninsula by the Army of the Potomac commenced with a full field-artillery force of 49 batteries of 274 guns. To this must be added the field-artillery of Franklin's division of McDowell's corps, which joined a few days before the capture of Yorktown, but was not disembarked from its transports for service until after the battle of Williamsburg, and the field-artillery of McCall's division of McDowell's corps (4 batteries, 22 guns), which joined in June, a few days before the battle of Mechanicsville (June 26, 1862), making a grand total of field-artillery at any time with the army of the peninsula of 57 batteries of 318 guns. When there were so many newly organized volunteer field-batteries, many of whom received their first and only instruction in the entrenched camps covering Washington during the three or four inclement months of the winter of 1861-62, there
. . I was tired out last night. My horse was young and mild, and nearly pulled my arm off. The cheering of the men made him perfectly frantic, and, as I had to keep my cap in my right hand, I had only my left to manage him. Oct. (10?). I have just time to write a very few lines before starting out. Yesterday I threw forward our right some four miles, but the enemy were not accommodating enough to give us a chance at them, so I took up a new position there and reinforced it by sending McCall over to that side. I am now going over again to satisfy myself as to the state of affairs, and perhaps edge up another mile or so, according to circumstances. When I returned yesterday, after a long ride, I was obliged to attend a meeting of the cabinet at eight P. M. and was bored and annoyed. There are some of the greatest geese in the cabinet I have ever seen — enough to tax the patience of Job. . . . Oct. (11?)-. . .I rode all over our new positions yesterday to make some little ch
atteries on the Potomac. on the 9th of Oct. McCall's division marched from Tennally-town to Langlraphy of the country in front of our right, Gen. McCall was ordered to move on the 19th as far as Dh a similar object. From his destination Gen. McCall sent the following despatch: Dranesvie to-night. Park is with me. (Signed) Geo. A. Mccall. He remained near Dranesville during be examined. . . . Very respectfully, Geo. A. McCall, Brig.-Gen. On the 12th of Oct. Gen. en. McClellan desires me to inform you that Gen. McCall occupied Dranesville yesterday, and is stil, Poolesville. Deeming it possible that Gen. McCall's movement to Dranesville, together with th As it was not foreseen or expected that Gen. McCall would be needed to co-operate with Gen. Stothe river, and at once sent instructions to Gen. McCall to remain at Dranesville, if he had not lef The nearest division on the Virginia side (McCall's) was more than twenty miles from the scene o
gainst Yorktown itself. The following despatch to Secretary Stanton shows the condition of affairs at its date, April 11: The reconnoissances of to-day prove that it is necessary to invest and attack Gloucester Point. Give me Franklin's and McCall's divisions under command of Franklin, and I will at once undertake it. If circumstances of which I am not aware make it impossible for you to send me two divisions to carry out the final plan of campaign, I will run the risk and hold myself respf attack; we have now too many, and an enterprising enemy could strike us a severe blow. I have every reason to believe that the main portion of the rebel forces are in my front. They are not drawing off their troops from Yorktown. Give me McCall's division and I will undertake a movement on West Point which will shake them out of Yorktown. As it is, I will win, but I must not be blamed if success is delayed. I do not feel that I am answerable for the delay of victory. I do not feel
beg that the President will be satisfied that the enemy cannot gain anything by attacking me; the more he does attack the better I shall be contented. All is well. I am glad to hear of Banks's good-fortune. G. B. McClellan, Maj.-Gen. Confidential. headquarters, Army of the Potomac, April 18, 11.30 P. M. His Excellency the President: If compatible with your impressions as to the security of the capital, and not interfering with operations of which I am ignorant, I would be glad to have McCall's division, so as to be enabled to make a strong attack upon West Point to turn the position of the enemy. After all that I have heard of things which have occurred since I left Washington and before, I would prefer that Gen. McDowell should not again be assigned to duty with me. G. B. McClellan, Maj.-Gen. Commanding. Washington, April 27, 1862. Maj.-Gen. McClellan: I am rejoiced to learn that your operations are progressing so rapidly and with so much spirit and success, and cong
e advance on Richmond, I stated in the foregoing despatch that I should be ready to move when Gen. McCall's division joined me; but I did not intend to be understood by this that no more reinforcemengh a larger force would enable me to gain much more decisive results. I would be glad to have McCall's infantry sent forward by water at once, without waiting for his artillery and cavalry. If G, and am striving to the uttermost to render you every aid in the power of the government. . . . McCall's force was reported yesterday as having embarked and on its way to join you. It is intended to he success which I have no doubt will soon be achieved by your arms. On the 12th and 13th Gen. McCall's division arrived. On the 13th of June two squadrons of the 5th U. S. Cavalry, under the and his troops are completely under my control. I received a telegram from him requesting that McCall's division might be placed so as to join him immediately on his arrival. That request does no
ow. These will go far — towards filling our ranks. The losses in the late battle were about 5,500; of course we have lost many by disease. I am promised either McCall's or King's division in a very few days. If I learn to-morrow that they will surely be here in three or four days I will wait for them, as it would make the resuave received ten regiments since the battle, nine of which from Fort Monroe, one from Baltimore; and one from Washington will arrive to-night. I am also promised McCall's division at once. If the promise is kept I shall be quite strong again. . . . Am much better to-day-quite myself. June 9. . . . A large dose of Spaniardossession of Richmond will at once bring North Carolina back into the Union. . . . I half-doubt whether there is much Union feeling south of North Carolina. . . . McCall's division has commenced arriving; some of them reached the White House last night. This relieves me very much. June 12, 8 A. M., New bridge . . . Am abou
up as a reserve in rear of the line, and shortly after Martindale's and Griffin's brigades, of Morell's division, were moved forward and deployed on the right of McCall's division, towards Shady Grove church, to cover that flank. Neither of these three brigades, however, were warmly engaged, though two of Griffin's regiments relGen. Sykes's division, which, partly in woods and partly in open ground, extended in rear of Cold Harbor. Each brigade had in reserve two of its own regiments; McCall's division, having been engaged on the day before, was formed in a second line in rear of the first; Meade's brigade on the left, near the Chickahominy; Reynolds'as moved across White Oak Swamp during the day and night, and took up positions covering the roads leading from Richmond towards White Oak Swamp and Long bridge. McCall's division was ordered, on the night of the 28th, to move across the swamp and take a proper position to assist in covering the remaining troops and trains. Du
k's division to Glendale ( Nelson's farm ). Gen. McCall's division (Pennsylvania reserves) was haltfront of the infantry line. The country in Gen. McCall's front was an open field, intersected towa's left to connect with Gen. Slocum's left; Gen. McCall's position was to the left of the Long bridarny's left; Gen. Hooker was on the left of Gen. McCall. Between twelve and one o'clock the enemy ions of Longstreet and A. P. Hill, attacked Gen. McCall, whose division, after severe fighting, was compelled to retire. Gen. McCall, in his report of the battle, says: About half-past 2 my pzelman states that about five o'clock P. M. Gen. McCall's division was attacked in large force, evir. Gen. Sumner, who was with Gen. Sedgwick in McCall's rear, also greatly aided with his artillery and half of the 37th N. Y. Volunteers. Gen. McCall's troops soon began to emerge from the woods division, was sent to occupy a portion of Gen. McCall's deserted position, a battery accompanying
have had a terrible time. On Wednesday the serious work commenced. I commenced driving the enemy on our left, and, by hard fighting, gained my point. Before that affair was over I received news that Jackson was probably about to attack my right. I galloped back to camp, took a fresh horse, and went over to Porter's camp, where I remained all night making the best arrangements I could, and returned about daybreak to look out for the left. On Thursday afternoon Jackson began his attack on McCall, who was supported by Porter. Jackson being repulsed, I went over there in the afternoon and remained until two or three A. M. I was satisfied that Jackson would have force enough next morning to turn Porter's right, so I removed all the wagons, heavy guns, etc., during the night, and caused Porter to fall back to a point nearer the force on the other side of the Chickahominy. This was most handsomely effected, all our material being saved. The next day Porter was attacked in his new posi
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