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he hours of each day might bring forth. The fight that was then going on is known in history as the battle of Antietam. History tells us that Lee's army was not pushed into the Potomac. There were two causes that prevented this result — George B. McClellan and Robert E. Lee. McClellan was a skilled engineer and he knew how to organize troops, but he never pushed an enemy's army before him with the energy of a man who meant to win and who had faith that he could win. It was his habit to feelthe war. Rising from the nominal position of Superintendent of Fortifications at Richmond, he became the military adviser of Jefferson Davis and finally the General-in-Chief of the Confederate forces. From the time that Lee began to drive back McClellan's forces from Richmond in the Seven Days Battles the hopes of the Confederates were centered in their great general. So hastily arranged was that first and final meeting with Grant to discuss the terms of surrender that no photograph was obtai
ptain, and assigned them to the staff of General McClellan. Officially merely guests at headquarte, the invention of an American admiral. General McClellan testified that ever in the thick of thinf operations were used for this purpose, and McClellan, Burnside, and Grant used the Chesapeake Bayoss the Potomac, Jackson saved Richmond from McClellan in 1862. Up the Valley came Lee the followis opposed each other in front of Washington, McClellan insisted on attacking Richmond instead of Joorable comment made on later campaigns. But McClellan found the undefeated Confederate army at RicIt is well known that Lincoln disapproved of McClellan's plan, whether by the counsel of wise milit63, a performance unequaled in history. But McClellan's army was inactive for ten months after Bulpe without further injury. Lee's pursuit of McClellan in the Seven Days Battles on the Peninsula ah territory and retreat to a rear position. McClellan before Manassas, Rosecrans before Shelbyvill[5 more...]
Bull Run — the volunteers face fire Volunteers about to face fire at Bull Run — McClellan's troops drilling near Washington The turning point of the battle: ruins of the Stone Bridge — Bull Run, Virginia Across this little stream that was destined to mark the center of the first, and in many respects the most desperate, battle of the Civil War, we see what was left of the bridge after the day had ended in a Federal rout (see Bull Run, page 142). On the farther side of Bull Rurks at Centreville and Manassas were abandoned. Here we see some Union soldiers viewing the deserted forts. A school for soldiers, McClellan's arduous task Five days after the disastrous battle of Bull Run, on July 26, 1861, Major-General George B. McClellan was called from his successes in West Virginia to take charge of the raw dispirited troops huddled near Washington. All during the fall and the winter he applied himself to the herculean task of forging the broken regiments and new<
Yorktown: up the Peninsula Henry W. Elson Guns marked Gen. Magruder, Yorktown in the positions where they defied McClellan's army a month The superfluous siege The Mortar Battery that Never Fired a Shot. By his much heralded Peninsula Campaign, McClellan had planned to end the war in a few days. He landed withMcClellan had planned to end the war in a few days. He landed with his Army of the Potomac at Fortress Monroe, in April, 1862, intending to sweep up the peninsula between the York and James rivers, seize Richmond at one stroke, and scatter the routed Confederate army into the Southwest. At Yorktown, he was opposed by a line of fortifications that sheltered a force much inferior in strength to his own. For a whole month McClellan devoted all the energies of his entire army to a systematic siege. Its useless elaboration is well illustrated by Battery No. 4, one of fifteen batteries planted to the south and southeast of Yorktown. The ten monster 13-inch siege mortars, the complement of No. 4, had just been placed in positi
ldier and the strength of armies, General George Brinton McClellan began the task of transmuting thethe Count de Paris, who wears the uniform of McClellan's staff, on which he was to serve through-outed meadow Overlooking the Camp from near McClellan's headquarters. Little hardships had these about eight thousand men. At the approach of McClellan reenforcements were hastened to him. The Uni corps, sent to make a reconnaissance by General McClellan, detected a seeming weak spot in the for had hastily reenforced with sand-bags, that McClellan spent a month preparing his heavy batteries.a battery been set up before in siege work. McClellan hoped by it to silence the impregnable waterrg, upon which the Confederates fell back as McClellan advanced after the evacuation. This view lo the almost impregnable fortified city which McClellan appeared to think it, Yorktown was but a smaee-top. Although a long distance from home, McClellan's army presented in the early days of its ma[16 more...]
ops, however, were at Cumberland Landing and McClellan had first to bring up the remainder of his fe conspicuous in the Confederate attack upon McClellan's Camp at Fair Oaks. General D. H. Hill did ise of a full harvest. It was here that General McClellan took up his headquarters, a distance of ition of the weather and the roads. Between McClellan's position at White House and the waiting Coh of the Chickahominy. For this reason, General McClellan had thrown the right wing of his army onhington, and McDowell's orders to unite with McClellan were recalled. The roads in and about Ric within sight of the goal (Richmond), we see McClellan's soldiers preparing the way for the passage Custer, of the Fifth U. S. Cavalry, aide on McClellan's staff, later famous cavalry general and In the new commander, Robert E. Lee, who while McClellan lay inactive effected a junction with Stonewng the Seven Days Battles Lee steadily drove McClellan from his position, within four or five miles[14 more...]
ington. Henry W. Elson June, 1862-McClellan's men drilling within five miles of Richmondstock, fifty miles south of Winchester. If McClellan ever experienced any anxiety as to affairs iat he could to prevent any aggrandizement of McClellan's forces. Shields hastened to his stationose plans Stonewall Jackson foiled In General McClellan's plan for the Peninsula Campaign of 186ight move up to Richmond from the west while McClellan was approaching from the North. But Jacksonsix of his generals he became convinced that McClellan had not arranged proper protection for the cyes. Banks was made entirely independent of McClellan and the defense of this region became his so Southern arms. It caused the final ruin of McClellan's hopes. Banks received one more attack frorescinded his resolution to send McDowell to McClellan. Instead, he transferred twenty thousand of the former's men to Fremont and informed McClellan that he was not, after all, to have the aid of [5 more...]
ness and completeness with which he blighted McClellan's high hopes of reaching Richmond showed at thorities at Washington were frightened, and McClellan received no more reenforcements. Jackson nos. It was not until the 25th of June that McClellan had definite knowledge of Jackson's whereabo force under General McCall was stationed by McClellan on June 19, 1862, to observe the Meadow and th. Doing double duty Here are some of McClellan's staff-officers during the strenuous periodty During the retreat after Gaines' Mill, McClellan's army was straining every nerve, to extricaCorps was holding. Before the battle opened McClellan went aboard the Galena to consult with Commorg position. In the hands of a capable commander McClellan's army would at this time have been a meek of the occupation of Harrison's Landing, McClellan's position had become so strong that the Feds not till almost a year later that, joining McClellan's forces on the Peninsula, it jumped immedia[33 more...]
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
s command. Losses: Union 11 killed, 35 wounded. Confed. 60 killed, 140 wounded, 100 prisoners. July 13, 1861: Carrick's Ford, W. Va. Union, Gen. Geo. B. McClellan's command. Confed., Gen. R. E. Lee's command. Losses: Union 13 killed, 40 wounded. Confed. 20 killed, 10 wounded, 50 prisoners. Confed. Gen Losses: Union 3 killed, 12 wounded. Confed. 1 killed, 10 wounded. April 5, 1862-May 4, 1862: siege of Yorktown, Va. Union, Army of Potomac, Gen. Geo. B. McClellan. Confed., Army commanded by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. April 6-7, 1862: Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. Union, Army of Western Tennessee, commans, Glendale or Nelson's Farm or Frayser's Farm, New Market road on the 30th, and Malvern Hill or crew's Farm on July 1st. Union--Army of the Potomac, Maj.-Gen. Geo. B. McClellan commanding. Losses: First Corps, Brig.-Gen. Geo. A. McCall's Div. Union Generals who kept Missouri in the Union. Brigadier-General