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Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2 67 1 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 24 0 Browse Search
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e Northern and Southern troops occurred about this time. On June 11, 1861, at Bethel Church, and on June 18th Colonel Vaughan met the enemy at the twenty-first bridge on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, charged upon his camp, captured and brought off two pieces of artillery and the enemy's flag. While General Johnston was keeping the army under Patterson in check in the Valley, a disaster to the Confederate arms occurred in West Virginia. General Garnett was defeated at Rich Mountain by McClellan and Rosecrans and forced to retreat. General Garnett was killed. The enemy in front of General Johnston were reinforced, and he, anticipating an attack by a superior force wrote, July 9, 1861, to General Cooper, a letter of which the following extract is the last paragraph: If it is proposed to strengthen us against the attack I suggest as soon to be made, it seems to me that General Beauregard might, with great expedition, furnish five or six thousand men for a few days. J. E.
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 13: responsibility for the failure to pursue. (search)
im; or if not, to retire again for a time within the lines of Bull Run with my main force. Patterson having been virtually destroyed, then General Johnston would reinforce General Garnett sufficiently to make him superior to his opponent (General McClellan), and able to defeat that officer. This done, General Garnett was to form an immediate junction with General Johnston, who was forthwith to cross the Potomac into Maryland with his whole force, arouse the people as he advanced to the recovs by effecting a junction of a part of the victorious forces with the army of General Garnett, in Western Virginia. General Garnett's forces amounted only to 3 or 4,000 men, then known to be in rapid retreat before vastly superior forces under McClellan, and the news that he was himself killed and his army scattered arrived within forty-eight hours of Colonel Chesnut's arrival in Richmond. III. The plan was based on the improbable and inadmissible supposition that the enemy was to wait e
t, the office of Commanding-General of the Confederate forces was created by the House of Representatives. When General McClellan heard of the retreat of the Confederate Army from Manassas, he ordered a reconnoissance and ascertained that our troops had crossed the Rapidan. General McClellan's account of this movement was given in a report to the Secretary of War, dated Fairfax Court-House, March II, 1862, 8.30 P. M. From it I make a short extract: I have just returned from a riarmament was indeed formidable, in appearance at least, and had the effect of producing the impression desired upon General McClellan. Intelligent contrabands made frequent reports to him of the strong position of the Confederates at Centreville. der was then reinforced until his army numbered about 20,000 men. As soon as it was definitely ascertained that General McClellan, with his main army, was on the Peninsula, General J. E. Johnston was assigned to the command of that department.
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 26: the gun-boats in the James River-battle of seven Pines. (search)
hought the water of the Chickahominy would prove injurious to his troops, and had therefore directed them to cross, and to halt at the first good water. General McClellan following up Johnston's movement, drew his lines nearer to the Confederate capital. His army at this time numbered, present and absent, 156,838; effectives rs. He asked me what I thought it was proper to do. Recurring to a conversation held about the time we had together visited General Johnston, I answered that McClellan should be attacked on the other side of the Chickahominy before he matured his preparations for a siege of Richmond. To this he promptly assented, as I anticipa from such means will be when large masses of troops are in motion. A balloon called the Intrepid, containing two people, ascended from Richmond and hung over McClellan's camp for two hours, about the end of July, 1862. Yesterday morning I thought we would engage the enemy, reported to be in large force on the Upper Chickah
son was so open, that it was not doubted General McClellan would soon be apprised of it, and would oo weak for a protracted resistance, and, if McClellan was the man I took him for when I nominated with his main body was assailing and turning McClellan's right on the north side of the Chickahominy, McClellan might make a show of resistance there, and with his superior forces cross the Chickahont Davis should stay with our centre, and if McClellan made that attempt he should hold the centre when at the close of the battles around Richmond McClellan retreated and was pursued toward the Jamrket, where, he was told, was the route that McClellan must pursue in his retreat to the James. Suso that at the beginning of the contest with McClellan, Lee had 80,762 effectives for battle. Ihere would have been a general dispersion of McClellan's army, and the remnant which might have bee disappointments were ordered for our gain. McClellan certainly showed capacity in his retreat, bu[4 more...]
cretary of War to make inquiries of the General in command of the United States forces, relative to alleged murders committed on our citizens by officers of the United States army, and the case of William B. Mumford, reported to have been murdered at New Orleans by order of Major-General B. F. Butler, and Colonel John Owen, reported to have been murdered in the same manner in Missouri, by order of Major-General Pope, were specially referred to. The inquiries thus made by you of Major- General McClellan were referred by that officer to his Government for reply, but no answer has yet been received. We have since been credibly informed that numerous other officers of the armies of the United States have, within the Confederacy, been guilty of felonies and capital offences which are punishable by all law human and divine. Notably NcNeil, a cruel and unscrupulous officer, shocked the moral sense of all soldierly men. By his order ten secessionists were shot at Palmyra, Mo., beca
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 34: campaign against Pope.—Second Manassas.—Sharpsburg.—Fredericksburg. (search)
rpsburg.—Fredericksburg. Although defeated, the army under General McClellan was still a formidable force, and might at any time threaten irginia. Immediately upon receiving information of this move, McClellan began to transfer troops to Washington, and Lee moved with the re D. H. Hill was by some accident lost, and fell into the hands of McClellan, thus disclosing to hini the movements of his adversary. Generch a man that jealousy and envy could not live in his great soul. McClellan immediately pushed on to South Mountain Pass, where D. H. Hill haood at bay at Sharpsburg, with bare-1y 18,000 men, and confronted McClellan's whole army along Antietam Creek. Colonel Walter Taylor, in . All the next day Lee remained on the battle-field, thinking McClellan would again attack, but he, not being so minded, the Confederate ac during the night into Virginia. Late in October, 1862, General McClellan followed Lee into Virginia. Here he was relieved and succeed
s in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, and Cold Harbor is put at above 60,000 men by Mr. Swinton, in his History of the army of the Potomac. Taylor's Four Years with Lee. The campaign of one month, from May 4th to June 4th, had cost the Federal commander 60,000 men and 3,000 officers, while the loss of Lee did not exceed 18,000 men (of whom few were officers). The result would seem an unfavorable comment upon the choice of route made by General Grant. General McClellan, two years before, had reached Cold Harbor with trifling losses. To attain the same point had cost General Grant a frightful number of lives. Nor could it be said that he had any important success to offset this loss. He had not defeated his adversary in any of the battle-fields of the campaign, nor did it seem that he had stricken him any serious blow. The Army of Northern Virginia, not reinforced until it reached Hanover Junction, and then only by about 9,000 men, had repulsed ev
d willing, if it was His will, to leave the struggle and the end to His good pleasure. His wound was found to be necessarily mortal. His condition during Thursday, May 13, 1864, was very changeable, with occasional delirium and other unmistakable symptoms of dissolution. At these times his mind wandered, and like the immortal Jackson, in the lapse of reason his faculties were occupied with the details of his command. He reviewed, in broken sentences, all his glorious campaign around McClellan's rear on the Peninsula, beyond the Potomac, and upon the Rapidan, quoting from his own orders, with a last injunction to make haste. About noon, Thursday, President Davis visited his bedside and spent some fifteen minutes in the dying chamber of his young chieftain. The President, taking his hand, said, General, how do you feel? He replied, in his strong, cheery voice, Easy, but willing to die, if God and my country think I have fulfilled my destiny and done my duty. Mr. Davis came
t 9 P. M. Our troops retained the ground from which the foe had been driven. According to the published reports, General McClellan's position was regarded at this time as extremely critical. If he concentrated on the left bank of the Chickahomines River. It would almost seem as if the government of the United States anticipated, at this period, the failure of McClellan's expedition. On June 27th President Lincoln issued an order creating the Army of Virginia, to consist of the forces oevent, it was necessary that our troops should continue on the north bank of the river, and, until the intention of General McClellan was discovered, it was deemed injudicious to change their disposition. Ewell was therefore ordered to proceed to B general movement, and no indications of his approach to the lower bridges of the Chickahominy having been discovered by the pickets in observation at those points, it became inferable that General McClellan was about to retreat to the James River.
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