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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 24 4 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 16 2 Browse Search
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Introduction: soldiers and citizens Veterans after one year Self-reliance, courage and dignity are imprinted on the faces of these veterans—men of McClernand's corps in their quarters at Memphis, Tennessee, after the costly attempt on Vicksburg by way of Chickasaw Bluffs. Yet they have been soldiers hardly a year—the boy on the right, so slight and young, might almost be masquerading in an officer's uniform. Of such were the soldiers who early in the war fought the South in the flush of her strength and enthusiasm Members of President Lincoln's official family Edwin M. Stanton Secretary of War. Montgomery Blair Postmaster-General. Gideon Welles Secretary of the Navy. Salmon P. Chase Secretary of the Treasury. Hannibal Hamlin vice-president. William H. Seward Secretary of State. Caleb B. Smith Secretary of the Interior. Edward Bates Attorney-General. Other members were: War, Simon Cameron (1861); Treasury, W. P. Fessenden, July 1, 1864, and
learn. But in the rather uneventful Corinth military promenade, Sherman began to show his wonderful capacity for making marches count as much as fighting. He was now regarded as one of the best minor leaders, was no longer considered insane, and was made a major-general of volunteers as a reward for his services in the campaign. In the Vicksburg campaign of 1863, which completed the opening of the Mississippi and cut in two the Confederacy, Sherman bore a conspicuous part, first under McClernand and Leaders in the Atlanta campaign group no. 3: General officers who led brigades or divisions in the hundred days marching and fighting from Resaca to Atlanta Nathan Kimball led a division in the Fourth Corps. Samuel Beatty, leader of a brigade in the Fourth Corps. William B. Hazen commanded a division under McPherson. J. M. Corse held the Fort at Alatoona pass. Joseph F. Knipe, leader of a brigade in the Twentieth Corps. Charles Candy led a brigade in Gary's d
ellorsville and Gettysburg and the Twentieth Corps in front of Atlanta. John A. McClernand, commander of the Army of the Mississippi in 1862-3. McClernand led troood. Following Morgan, the commanders of the Thirteenth Corps were Major-Generals J. A. McClernand, E. O. C. Ord (who succeeded when McClernand was relieved at Vicksss. He died at Old Point Comfort, Virginia, July 26, 1893. Major-General John Alexander McClernand was born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky, May 30, 1812. replaced Sherman in command of the Yazoo Expedition which, under the name of McClernand's Army of the Mississippi, together with the Mississippi Squadron, captured Arkansas Post, January 11th. Grant removed McClernand from the command, and he was placed at the head of the Thirteenth Army Corps, of which he was in turn relieved o it was on Sherman's Yazoo Expedition and was also known as the Second Corps, McClernand's Army of the Mississippi, from January 4 to January 12, 1863. The commander
the Potomac. Henry J. Madill, originally Colonel of the 141st Reg't, noted at Gettysburg. Andrew Porter, commanded a brigade at First Bull Run. Thomas Welsh, originally Colonel of the 45th regiment. Charles F. Smith, originally Colonel of the 3d Infantry. Thomas L. Kane, organizer and leader of Kane's Bucktails. Hurlbut, Stephen, Sept. 17, 1862. Kearny, Philip, July 4, 1862. Keyes, Erasmus D., May 5, 1862. Leggett, M. D., Aug. 21, 1865. Logan, John A., Nov. 29, 1862. McClernand, J. A., Mar. 21, 1862. McPherson, J. B., Oct. 8, 1862. Mansfield, J. K. F., July 18, 1862. Milroy, Robt. H., Nov. 29, 1862. Mitchell, Ormsby, April 11, 1862. Morell, Geo. W., July 4, 1862. Morgan, E. D., Sept. 28, 1861. Morris, Thos. A., Oct. 25, 1862. Mott, Gersham, May 26, 1865. Mower, Joseph A., Aug. 12, 1861. Negley, James S., Nov. 29, 1862. Nelson, William, July 17, 1862. Oglesby, R. J., Nov. 29, 1862. Osterhaus, P. J., July 23, 1864. Palmer, John M., Nov. 29, 1862. Peck,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Belmont, battle at. (search)
Belmont, battle at. Just before Fremont was deprived of his command (see Fremont, John C.) he ordered General Grant to move a co-operative force along the line of the Mississippi River. It was promptly done. A column about 3,000 strong, chiefly Illinois volunteers, under Gen. John A. McClernand, went down from Cairo in transports and wooden gunboats to menace Columbus by attacking Belmont, opposite. At the same time another column, under Gen. C. F. Smith. marched from Paducah to menace Columbus in the rear. Grant went with McClernand. The troops landed 3 miles above Belmont, Nov. 7, 1861, and while they were pushing on the gunboats opened fire upon Columbus. General (Bishop) Polk, the commander, sent General Pillow over the river to reinforce the little garrison at Belmont. A sharp battle ensued, and the Nationals were victorious; but, exposed to the heavy artillery at Columbus, the post was untenable. Giving three cheers for the Union, the Nationals set fire to the Confe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McClernand, John Alexander 1812- (search)
McClernand, John Alexander 1812- Military officer; born in Breckenridge county, Ky., May 30, 1812. His family removed to Illinois while he was a small child. He was admitted to the bar in 1832 served in the Black Hawk War: engaged in trade and journalism; and was in the Illinois legislature at different times between 1836 and 1842. He was in Congress in 1843-51 and 1859-61, when, the war breaking out, he resigned and, with others, raised a brigade of volunteers. He distinguished himself at Belmont (q. v.), and was made brigadier-general. After the battle of Fort Donelson (q. v.) he was promoted major-general; commanded a division at the battle of Shiloh; succeeded General Sherman in command of the army engaged in the Vicksburg expedition in January, 1863; distinguished himself in the battles that followed; commanded the 13th Army Corps till July, 1863; and resigned his commission Nov. 30, 1864. Subsequently he engaged in law practice in Springfield, Ill., till his death, S
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Port Gibson, battle of. (search)
at Bruinsburg on the gunboats and transports which had run by Grand Gulf in 1863. His troops consisted chiefly of General McClernand's 13th Army Corps. These troops pushed forward and were met (May 1), 8 miles from Bruinsburg, by a Confederate force, which was pushed back to a point 4 miles from Port Gibson. There McClernand was confronted by a strong force from Vicksburg, under General Bowen, advantageously posted. The Nationals were divided for the occasion. On McClernand's right were thMcClernand's right were the divisions of Generals Hovey, Carr, and Smith, and on his left that of Osterhaus. The former pressed the Confederates steadily back to Port Gibson. The troops of Osterhaus were reinforced by a brigade of General Logan's division of the advance of McPherson's corps, and others were sent to help McClernand. Late in the afternoon the Confederates were repulsed and pursued to Port Gibson. Night ended the conflict, and under its cover the Confederates fled across a bayou, burning the bridges be
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ransom, Thomas Edward Greenfield 1834- (search)
9, 1834; was taught engineering in early life, and was a land-agent and civil engineer in Illinois when the Civil War broke out, when he became lieutenant-colonel of the 11th Illinois Volunteers. He was wounded in leading a charge at Charlestown, Mo., in 1861; took part in the capture of Fort Henry; and led his regiment in the attack on Fort Donelson, where he was again wounded. He was promoted to colonel, and was wounded in the head at the battle of Shiloh. In June following (1862) he became chief of General McClernand's staff and inspector-general of the Army of the Tennessee. In November he was made brigadier-general of volunteers, and the next year distinguished himself at Vicksburg. Ransom was conspicuous for his skill and bravery in Banks's Red River expedition, and was severely wounded in the battle at Sabine Cross-roads. He commanded the 17th Corps in the Atlanta campaign, and was brevetted major-general of volunteers Sept. 1, 1864. He died near Rome, Ga., Oct. 29, 1864.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Raymond, battle of (search)
the Mississippi River, crossed at Hard Times, and on the following day (May 8, 1863) joined Grant on the Big Black River. Grant had intended to send down troops to assist Banks in an attack upon Port Hudson, but circumstances compelled him to move forward from Grand Gulf and Port Gibson. He made for the important railway connecting Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, with Vicksburg. His army moved in parallel lines on the eastern side of the river. These were led respectively by Generals McClernand and McPherson, and each was followed by portions of Sherman's corps. When, on the morning of April 12, the van of each column was approaching the railway near Raymond, the county seat of Hinds county, the advance of McPherson's corps, under Logan, was attacked by about 6,000 Confederates under Generals Gregg and Walker. It was then about 10 A. M. Logan received the first blow and bore the brunt of the battle. Annoyed by Michigan guns, the Confederates dashed forward to capture them
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shiloh, battle of (search)
ril 5) to await the arrival of Van Dorn and Price, who were approaching Memphis with a large force from Central Arkansas. The Confederate army now numbered about 40,000 men. Grant had made his headquarters at Savannah, on the Tennessee, and he there continued until the first week in April, having very little apprehension of an attack from the Confederates. General Sherman's division was just behind Shiloh Meeting-house. General Prentiss was encamped across the road to Corinth, with General McClernand's division behind his right. Their three divisions formed the advanced line. In the rear, near the river, lay General Hurlbut's division and that of General Smith, under the command of Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, of Illinois. General Stuart's brigade, of Sherman's division, lay on the Hamburg road, and the division of Gen. Lew. Wallace was at Crump's Landing, below Pittsburgh Landing. Such was the Battle of Shiloh. disposition of the National army on Sunday morning, April 6. Buell h
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