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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
llow the movement, and march promptly to join McDowell. Battle being inevitable, it was certainly oheir reports it seemed to be as probable that McDowell was forming his main force in front of our malan, however, was the object explained by General McDowell-to break up the communication between theront of the Confederate right and centre, General McDowell had marched at daybreak with Tyler's, Hunsas and those in the Valley of Virginia. General McDowell's report. The Federal army followed the Wt eight o'clock, the full development of General McDowell's designs. The violence of the firing onving. Soon after three o'clock, while General McDowell seemed to be striving, by strengthening hhe field in a few minutes, or enveloped. General McDowell would have made such a formation, probabl invasion of a much greater Federal army than McDowell's; and he proposed, the day after the battle,lay; but the expectation on our part that General McDowell would send a party of his own soldiers to[5 more...]
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 5 (search)
nfederate forces in Virginia at this time. advance of General McClellan. reported movement of McDowell. battle of seven Pines. I assumed my new command on the 17th. The arrival of Smith's and Ldent had placed Brigadier-General J. R. Anderson, with nine thousand men, in observation of General McDowell, who was at Fredericksburg with forty-two thousand men; Brigadier-General Branch, with four In the afternoon a party of cavalry left near Fredericksburg by General Anderson, to observe McDowell's movements, reported that his troops were marching southward. As the expediency of the junctnstructions for the expected battle, General Stuart, who had a small body of cavalry observing McDowell's corps, reported that the troops that had been marching southward from Fredericksburg had retugeneral engagement depended on the probability of so great an accession to McClellan's force as McDowell could bring, this intelligence induced me to abandon the intention of attacking, and made me fa
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
and estimated its importance as very great, considered either as a place from which to operate against General McClellan, coming from the West, or Patterson, or McDowell; that suddenly he changed his tactics, and represented that the position was untenable, etc., etc., although it had been fortified; and that, abandoning at Harpethe Army of the Shenandoah had actually come upon the field too late, the President would have been responsible, not I. For, instead of giving me information of McDowell's advance on the 16th of July, as should have been done, he dispatched his telegram on the subject in the night of the l7th, after the Federal army had encamped l course toward me, from the commencement of the war to the 17th of July, 1864, strongly contradicts all his statements in the message. If he had believed, when McDowell was near Manassas, that I had been exhibiting at Harper's Ferry, and elsewhere in the Valley, the singular incapacity for war he describes in the first part of t
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
en on my staff, remember this matter substantially as stated; and probably others of my staff. Yours very truly, M. L. Bonham. General J. E. Johnston. General McDowell's orders for the 21st of July were as follows: Headquarters Department Army of Eastern Virginia, Centreville, July 20, 1861. The enemy has planted a batt authority. After completing the movements ordered, the troops must be held in order of battle, as they may be attacked at any moment. By command of Brigadier-General Mcdowell. James B. Fry, Adjutant-General. Headquarters, Centreville, January 28, 1862. General S. Cooper, Adjutant Inspector-General. Sir: I am informed tharespectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed) J. E. Johnston. General Lee. Confidential.Headquarters, Harrison's, May 28, 1862, 9 A. M. General: If McDowell is approaching, of which there can be no doubt, we must fight very soon. Every man we have should be here. Major-General Holmes's troops should, therefore, be
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore), What the rebels said they captured. (search)
army stores. The provisions of every kind captured at this grand depository are sufficient, the President asserts, to feed an army of fifty thousand men for a whole campaign. To save their immense wealth of stores, it was at Centreville that McDowell attempted to rally his flying army. A large division of fresh troops, with heavy guns in position, met the remnants of his vanquished forces, and forced them into a momentary halt; but so demoralized were his men, that at sight of our pursuing most untouched, as the rout, which commenced about the fashionable hour for a dining feast, had left but poor stomachs for digesting rich food. A correspondent from Manassas has just shown me a number of bills of fare for the dinners to which McDowell had invited his friends to enjoy with him on the route to Richmond, indicating that they expected to repose a short time at Fairfax. Court House, Manassas, and other convenient localities on the way. The bills of fare are mostly in French, a
ed policy of keeping behind their intrenchments, and risking nothing in the open field. I omitted to state yesterday, as another proof of the confidence which Gen. McDowell appears to have felt in the success of the attack, that while the engagement was going on, say at 3 1/2 o'clock, in addition to the army wagons with which the roperly supported, there would have been no panic at all. The reason why I conclude that a retreat had been ordered, is, that on our approach to Centreville Gen. McDowell was leading his reserves across the road, and to a position where he could make a stand, either to cover the retreat of his advanced corps, or to resist a cavaorders, and was before the stampede of tho wagons. The conclusion of all this is, that the battle ought not to have been fought under the circumstances. If Gen. McDowell had been content to intrench himself at Centreville, of which he seems to have had some intention, for his men were at work upon an intrenchment which was not
There is a story that Gen. Beauregard, in his anxiety to learn the plans of Gen. Scott previous to the battle of Bull Run, attached a wire to a telegraph of the Unionists which communicated with the Headquarters of the Department of the Potomac. The coating of this wire was of the color of dry leaves, or of a dead limb, not readily attracting notice. The early reports of the defeat mentioned that the rebels knew Gen. McDowell's programme beforehand. Perhaps it was in this way that they learned it, and that the final council of war, at midnight, was only one instant in reporting itself from one camp to another.--Independent.
the exaggerated representations that have been made in the sensation press respecting the alleged panic, which is said to have converted an orderly retreat into a rout. It is now known that, save in the case of an inconsiderable number of Gen. McDowell's forces, there was neither panic nor rout on Sunday last, and that it was to unmilitary teamsters and still more unmilitary civilians and sight-seers on or near the field of battle, that the country is indebted, in the first place, for the eod, except a cracker or two each. This seems to be a great blunder; but where the fault lies, it is difficult to determine. I think it covers the field officers generally; but this is to be explained hereafter. The men all declare that, under McDowell, they can take the batteries again easy. There is no breakdown in the spirits or temper of the troops. They have realized their own bravery in the most severe battle ever fought on this continent. And please remark, that there was no pursuit.
The murderers of the United States pickets near Alexandria.--It is undoubtedly the understanding among the people residing in the neighborhood of the pickets of Gen. McDowell's command, and the line of pickets of the disunionists in Gen. McDowell's immediate vicinity, that the nightly attempts being made to murder the United States picket guards by stealthily creeping up in the bush and firing at their backs, is the work of the two brothers of the late James Jackson, who killed Col. EllsworGen. McDowell's immediate vicinity, that the nightly attempts being made to murder the United States picket guards by stealthily creeping up in the bush and firing at their backs, is the work of the two brothers of the late James Jackson, who killed Col. Ellsworth. They are said to be finely mounted, and we (personally) know well, know every cow trail in the vicinity of the United States lines in Fairfax and Alexandria counties. They are believed to head a company of some fifteen or twenty. It is necessary that their assassin work should be summarily stopped, as it can be, it seems to us, by a constantly moving patrol thrown out a short distance in advance of the regular picket guards.--Washington Star, June 5.
eorgia by her side; Virginia holds the flag up, While we all take a ride. chorus — Wait for the wagon, &c. The invading tribe called Yankees, With Lincoln for their guide, Tried to keep Kentucky From joining in the ride; But she heeded not their entreaties-- She has come into the ring; She wouldn't fight for a Government Where Cotton wasn't king. chorus — So wait for the wagon, &c. Old Lincoln and his Congressmen, With Seward by his side, Put old Scott in the wagon, Just for to take a ride. McDowell was the driver; To cross Bull Run he tried, But there he left the wagon, For Beauregard to ride. chorus — Wait for the wagon, &c. Manassas was the battle-ground; The field was fair and wide; The Yankees thought they'd whip us out, And on to Richmond ride; But when they met our “Dixie” boys, Their danger they espied; They wheeled about for Washington, And didn't wait to ride. chorus — So wait for the wagon, &c. Brave Beauregard-God bless him!-- Led legions in his stead, While Johnson se
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