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fathers, who were soldiers under Washington. They were of English origin; had settled at an early period in Virginia, and after taking an active part in the War of Independence, emigrated to Kentucky, the dark and bloody ground, where they lived in constant warfare with the Indians. One of them was married in the Fort of Boonsboroa,the first fortification constructed in that State, the land of my nativity. I entered the Military Academy in 1849, and graduated in the Class of Sheridan, McPherson and Schofield, in 1853, when I was appointed Brevet Second Lieutenant in the Fourth Infantry. I sailed from New York in November of that year to join my regiment in California, via Panama. On my arrival at San Francisco-at that time a small city built upon sandhills and flats, and distinguished for its foggy atmosphereI, together with one of my classmates, deemed it but proper that officers of the United States Army should go to the hotel in a carriage; but to our astonishment, on hailin
ter to the President, which will explain his views. When we are to be in better condition to drive the enemy from our country, I am not able to comprehend. To regain Tennessee would be of more value to us than half a dozen victories in Virginia. I received a letter from General R. E. Lee yesterday, and he says, you can assist me by giving me more troops or driving the enemy in your front to the Ohio river. If the latter is to be done, it should be executed at once. * * * Since McPherson's Corps has moved up from the lower Mississippi to join the Army of the Potomac or that of the Cumberland, would it not be well for General Polk's troops to unite with this Army, as we should then be in a condition to reinforce General Lee, in case it should be necessary? Yours truly, J. B. Hood. To General Braxton Bragg. It will be seen that I was still urgent for an offensive campaign, and even counselled that Polk be ordered to Dalton, in the hope that we would finally advance,
our rear, and we folded up our tents, as usual, under strict orders to make no noise, and, under cover of darkness, marched to and across the Chattahoochee, upon the flat plains of Georgia. After our passage of this river on the night of the 9th of July, Sherman moved rapidly to the eastward and across the Chattahoochee, some distance above Peach Tree creek. He formed a line parallel to this creek, with his right on the river, and approached Atlanta from the north, whilst Schofield and McPherson, on the left, marched rapidly in the direction of Decatur to destroy the railroad to Augusta. General Johnston thus relates the sequel: Johnston's Narrative, pages 348, 349, 350. On the 17th, Major General Wheeler reported that the whole Federal Army had crossed the Chattahoochee. * * * The following telegram was received from General Cooper, dated July 17th: Lieutenant General J. B. Hood has been commissioned to the temporary rank of General, under the late law of Congress.
f that Army that the continuous retreat from Dalton to the plains of Georgia, produced a demoralizing effect. General Frank Blair, whose corps was engaged in the battle around Atlanta on the 22d of July, 1864, when my friend and classmate, General McPherson, was killed, states in a letter to a prominent officer of the Army of Tennessee, that the Confederate troops, on that day, did not fight with the spirit they should have displayed. It was, nevertheless, reported to me, at the time of this d to attack the enemy as they crossed Peach Tree creek. Within thirty-six hours, almost before he had time to select quarters in Macon after his departure on the evening of the 18th of July, General Thomas was crossing Peach Tree creek, whilst McPherson and Schofield were moving to destroy the railroad to Augusta. General Johnston evidently had little faith in this plan, since he was unwilling to await thirty-six hours to test its feasibility. By his second, and, far more promising plan, a
nston comfortably quartered at Macon, whilst McPherson's and Schofield's Corps were tearing up the ill I read Sherman's Memoirs, was I aware of McPherson's so close proximity to Atlanta at an early h Tree creek; Schofield was on his left, and McPherson well on towards the railroad between Stone Mmy official report Appendix, p. 320. that McPherson was at Decatur on the morning of the 19th, iilding bridges across Peach Tree creek; that McPherson and Schofield were well over toward, and eveh Tree creek, in order to completely isolate McPherson and Schofield's forces from those of Thomas;tham, and it was impossible for Schofield or McPherson to assist Thomas without recrossing Peach Trhead road. The Army of the Tennessee, under McPherson, was moving on the Georgia Railroad at Decatam an advantageous position to hold in check McPherson and Schofield. The result was not, however,t the enemy intended to evacuate the place. McPherson was moving astride of the railroad, near Dec[1 more...]
ight of the 20th, of the exposed position of McPherson's left flank; it was standing out in air, neand relieve Atlanta. I was convinced that McPherson and Schofield intended to destroy not only t's Mills, and to completely turn the left of McPherson's Army and attack at daylight, or as soon th to march entirely around and to the rear of McPherson's left flank, even if he was forced to go toived that Hardee had not only failed to turn McPherson's left, according to positive orders, but hainterest, as the writer commanded a corps in McPherson's Army, during the battle of the 22d of July we were very near them, and in plain view. McPherson said that he believed that the enemy were abupon the rear and flank of my position. General McPherson had been killed in attempting to reach md lost many valuable officers, including General McPherson, but, as we had fought from behind entre the Army of the Tennessee, commanded by General McPherson, and, possibly, the panic might have bee[19 more...]
Chattahoochee, as he approached Atlanta, and the move of McPherson and Schofield upon the Augusta road was ably conceived anattahoochee, and thus isolated himself from Schofield and McPherson. His right should have rested in the vicinity of, and haave made constant demonstrations against the city, whilst McPherson and Schofield destroyed the road to Augusta. At the sameTree creek. I could not have attacked either his left or McPherson and Schofield, without marching out of Atlanta, and exposlow in its defence. After my loss of the Augusta road, McPherson and Schofield should have marched by the right flank downthe two corps below Camp creek, followed by Schofield and McPherson. The transportation of the Federal Army having been pross the West Point Railway; have instructed Schofield and McPherson to move rapidly, as they had done upon Decatur and the Auk, into the cul de sac aforementioned, separated him from McPherson and Schofield, and subjected him to an assault by the mai
mith were, at the time, unanimous in the conviction that had General Hardee faithfully and earnestly carried out my instructions on the 20th, and 22d July, we would have been victorious in the two battles, i. e., had he attacked at 1 o'clock in lieu of 4 p. m., on the 20th; had he appealed to his troops in a manner to arouse their pride, patriotism and valor, instead of giving utterance to expressions of caution against breastworks; had he, on the 22d, marched entirely round and in rear of McPherson's left flank, as ordered, and attacked at daylight or early morning, we would have gained signal victories. It may very properly be asked why, after failure on two consecutive occasions, was Hardee placed in command at Jonesboroa; why I did not relieve him previously from duty with the Army, and thus avoid further cause of complaint The battles of the 20th, and 22d of July, were fought in rapid succession, and immediately after my appointment to the command of the Army. I knew not t
city on the 16th, and thus describes his going forth: Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II, page 178. About 7 a. m., of November 16th, we rode out of Atlanta by the Decatur road, filled by the marching troops and wagons of the Fourteenth Corps; and reaching the hill, just outside of the old rebel works, we naturally paused to look back upon the scenes of our past battles. We stood upon the very ground whereon was fought the bloody battle of July 22d, and could see the copse of wood where McPherson fell. Behind us lay Atlanta, smouldering and in ruins, the black smoke rising high in air, and hanging like a pall over the ruined city. Thus were two opposing Armies destined to move in opposite directions, each hoping to achieve glorious results. I well knew the delay at Tuscumbia would accrue to the advantage of Sherman, as he would thereby be allowed time to repair his railroad, and at least start to the rear all surplus material. I believed, however, I could still get between
chofield, was also about to cross east of the Buckhead road. The Army of the Tennessee, under McPherson, was moving on the Georgia Railroad at Decatur. Feeling it impossible to hold Atlanta withoutt was to crush Thomas's Army before he could fortify himself, and then turn upon Schofield and McPherson. To do this, Cheatham was ordered to hold his left on the creek in order to separate Thomas's I caused the troops to retire to their former positions. The position and demonstration of McPherson's Army on the right threatening my communications, made it necessary to abandon Atlanta or checDonough road, crossing Entrenchment creek at Cobb's Mills, and to completely turn the left of McPherson's Army. This he was to do even should it be necessary to go to or beyond Decatur. Wheeler, wen stands of colors. While the grand results desired were riot accomplished, the movements of McPherson upon my communications were entirely defeated, and no further effort was made in that directio