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. H. Hill, of Charlotte, to take command of it. Major Hill was a West Pointer and a veteran of the Mexican war. To the raw volunteers, unused to any restrictions, as well as to the men accustomed to the laxity of militia methods, he seemed, as Judge McRae expressed it, a tremendous disciplinarian. But, adds the Judge, in speaking of the effect of his discipline on the first body organized there, As a proof of the value of the training, the old First (on its disbandment at the expiration of itsficient officer. Under Martin's supervision the ten regiments of State troops and all subsequent regiments were organized. The first six regiments, commanded respectively by Cols. M. S. Stokes, C. C. Tew, Gaston Meares, George B. Anderson, D. K. McRae, and Charles F. Fisher, were in a short while transferred to the Confederacy and ordered to Virginia, three of them arriving there in time to be present at the first battle of Manassas. The Seventh, Col. R. P. Campbell, was, after some delay,
raditions, gloried in the same history, and differed only in the construction of the Constitution. In this great battle, so signally victorious for the Confederate arms, North Carolina had fewer troops engaged than it had in any other important battle of the armies in Virginia. Col. W. W. Kirkland's Eleventh (afterward Twenty-first) regiment, with two companies— Captain Conolly's and Captain Wharton's—attached, and the Fifth, Lieut.-Col. J. P. Jones in command during the sickness of Colonel McRae, were present, but so situated that they took no decided part in the engagement The Sixth regiment was hotly engaged, however, and lost its gallant colonel, Charles F. Fisher. This regiment had, by a dangerous ride on the Manassas railroad, been hurried forward to take part in the expected engagement. When it arrived at Manassas Junction, the battle was already raging. Colonel Fisher moved his regiment forward entirely under cover until he reached an open field leading up to the fam
the woods on the left were full of the enemy, and that a column moving across the field would be exposed to a fire in flank, he ordered these regiments to change direction to the left and clear the woods. The regiments were imperfectly drilled and the ground densely wooded, and before they succeeded in carrying out the maneuver it was too late for them to assist the attack of the Twenty-fourth Virginia and the Fifth North Carolina. The charge made by the Fifth North Carolina, led by Col. D. K. McRae, Lieut.-Col. J. C. Badham, Maj. P. J. Sinclair and Adjt. J. C. McRae, will be a lasting monument to the heroism of North Carolina troops. This regiment, on clearing the woods, changed direction to the left and, lapping wings with the Twenty-fourth Virginia, rushed upon Hancock's strong line. The Regimental History gives this account of the charge: In front of the redoubt were five regiments of infantry supported by a battery of ten pieces (Cowan 6, Wheeler 4), with clouds of skirmish
y Colonel Ruffin not to expose himself so needlessly, was killed. Upon the fall of Garland, Colonel McRae assumed command, and ordered the two regiments on the left to close in to the right. This ohe Federals, General Reno, commanding a corps, was killed by the Twenty-third North Carolina. McRae's Report. General Hatch was wounded, as were also Colonels Gallagher and Wainwright, both commanades of Colquitt and Garland, of D. H. Hill's division. Garland's brigade was commanded by Col. D. K. McRae, and included the Fifth, Twelfth, Thirteenth, Twentieth and Twenty-third North Carolina reg divisions of Walker and McLaws were hurrying to our assistance. Garland's brigade under Colonel McRae went into action with alacrity, but owing to an unfortunate blunder of one of the captains, ts, was kept intact, and moved to the sunken road. Portions of this brigade were rallied by Colonel McRae and Captain Garnett and others, and again joined in the battle. A little before ten, Gene
North Carolina, was killed, LieutenantCol-onel Johnston took command of that regiment. This regiment and the Twenty-third were both in Rodes' gallant division, which was in the front of Jackson's brilliant flank attack. In this battle the North Carolinians under Johnston captured a stand of the enemy's colors. After Gettysburg Johnston was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, to date September 1, 1863, and assigned to the command of his brigade, formerly led by Samuel Garland and D. K. McRae. It was composed of the Fifth, Twelfth, Twentieth and Twenty-third regiments and Second battalion of North Carolina infantry. This command fought under its gallant leader in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania, at which latter battle General Johnston received a severe wound. He was again in command during the valley campaign under Early, participating in the series of severe battles which ended with that of Cedar Creek, a victory in the morning, a defeat in the afternoon.
battery of enemy, June 27th. Vol. XI, Part 3—(482, 532) In Early's brigade, April 30, 1862, 80 present. (615) Called Hardaway's, army before Richmond; 110 present, June 23d. (650) In D. H. Hill's division, July 23d. (690) Mentioned by Pierson, chief of artillery. Vol. XIX, Part 1—(809) In D. H. Hill's division, November 8, 1862. (836) Two 3-inch and two 12-pound howitzers. (1020-1024) Mentioned, Hill's report of Maryland campaign, September 14 to 17, 1862. (1040) Mentioned by Col. D. K. McRae, South Mountain. Vol. XIX, Part 2—(652) General Pendleton's report, October 2, 1862, Captain Bondurant (Jeff Davis artillery), an admirable battery that has rendered eminent service, but he is its life; is now absent-sick. Vol. Xxi—(541, 1073) In D. H. Hill's division. (561) One killed and 3 wounded, battle of Fredericksburg. No. 39—(1000) Mentioned by Col. T. M. Carter, May 2 and 3, 1864. (1044) Mentioned by Col. H. P. Jones, Orange Court House. No.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.16 (search)
as with General Garland when the latter received his fatal wound. The effort of the enemy seemed to be to turn the 13th, and Colonel Ruffin in vain urged Gen. Garland to go to the other part of his line. With him the post of danger was the post of honor. Judge Ruffin, in a letter to General Hill, stated that he had just told General Garland to get to a safer position from which to superintend his brigade when he received the mortal wound. Says General Hill: Upon the fall of Garland, Colonel McRae, of the 5th North Carolina Regiment, assumed command, and ordered the two regiments on the left to close in to the right. This order was not received, or found impossible of execution. The main attack was on the 23d North Carolina behind the stone-wall (Colonel Blacknall, its commander, was then on sick furlough). General Hill continues: The Federals had a plunging fire upon this regiment (the 23d North Carolina), from the crest of the hill, higher than the wall, and only about fifty y
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 31. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Captain Don P. Halsey, C. S. A. (search)
would permit, and in the fall of that same year (1862), he took part in the Maryland campaign and participated in the hot fighting which took place at Boonsborough, South Mountain and Sharpsburg. On September 14, 1862, at the battle of South Mountain, General Garland was killed. It is said that when he fell, mortally wounded, his aide, Lieutenant Halsey, was the first to reach his side and to receive his dying message: I am killed, send for the senior colonel. This turned out to be Colonel D. K. McRae, of the 5th North Carolina, who promptly took command of the brigade and directed its movements in the fighting that followed. He also mentions the activity of Lieutenant Halsey, of General Garland's staff. General D. H. Hill speaks feelingly of General Garland's death in his report, calling him a pure, gallant and accomplished Christian soldier, who had no superior and few equals in the service, and saying that his brigade had behaved nobly. At the battle of Sharpsburg, a day or t
Col. D. K. McRae --This gallant officer is now in H eigh, N. C., exceedingly it. He was with the rem t of his re ment at the battle of Richmond, and the casualties on that occasion reduced his command to about Jo men
Resignation. --The North Carolina papers publish a letter to Governor Vance from Col. D. K. McRae, of the 5th North Carolina regiment, announcing his resignation, because Col. Alfred Iverson, of Georgia, a junior officer, has been appointed over him and made General of his brigade. Lieut- Gen. D. H. Hill endorsed the resignd over him and made General of his brigade. Lieut- Gen. D. H. Hill endorsed the resignation: "I have three times recommended Col. McRae for promotion. North Carolina has furnished more troops and has fewer general officers than any other State. I approve Col. McRae's resignation, believing that his self respect requires it. " d over him and made General of his brigade. Lieut- Gen. D. H. Hill endorsed the resignation: "I have three times recommended Col. McRae for promotion. North Carolina has furnished more troops and has fewer general officers than any other State. I approve Col. McRae's resignation, believing that his self respect requires it. "
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