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April 27, 1862.-skirmish at Pea Ridge, Tenn. Report of Maj. Gen. John A. Meclernand, U. S. Army. headquarters First Division, Camp Stanton, Tenn., April 27, 1862. Sir: Upon returning from your headquarters to-day, in view of the information given by the negroes whom I sent you, I ordered a reconnaissance by my cavalry, under Lieutenant-Colonel McCullough. He has just come in, reporting that he went to Stantonville, 8 miles from Pittsburg, and on the road from that place to Purdy. On his way from Stantonville to Pea Ridge he captured one of the enemy's cavalry scouts, who is now in my camp. Upon arriving at Pea Ridge he encountered the enemy's pickets, killing 3 of them and driving others back. He met with these pickets about 5 miles from my camp. Two other negroes, picked up by my mounted pickets, report that they belong to a man named Johnson, who lives about 4 miles from my camp. These negroes say that the enemy's pickets were formerly posted at their master's h
b. 4. accordingly. The next day was spent in preparations, and the next appointed for the attack: Gen. Grant directing the main body of his forces, under Gen. John A. MeClernand, to move diagonally across the country and seize the road leading from the fort to Donelson and Dover, while Gen. C. F. Smith, with his brigade, advanced to the rescue. Cruft, misdirected by his guide, took a wrong road; but it led him nevertheless into the fight, and served to draw off some Rebel attention from MeClernand's overmatched column. Meantime, Col. Thayer, John M., 1st Nebraska. commanding his 3d brigade, was ordered by Wallace to the further support of McClernand; on reformed and deployed, advancing with the entire division until the retreat of the enemy was decided. Lew. Wallace, on our extreme right, with Sherman and MeClernand between him and Buell's divisions, had likewise opened fire at day-light, dismounting a gun of the Rebel battery before him. Throwing forward his right, by Gen.
mer and met Jan. 18. McClernand, Sherman, and Porter, near the mouth of White river, on their return from their triumphant incursion into Arkansas, accompanying them to Napoleon, where consultations were held, and a plan of action agreed on. MeClernand's force moved down the Mississippi next day; somewhat impeded by a violent storm; but reached, on the 21st, Young's Point, nine miles above Vicksburg, on the opposite bank, facing the mouth of the Yazoo. Here was the head of the canal projecte its numbers--one brigade and then another of Crocker's division was sent in to Hovey's support; while McPherson's other division, under Logan, was working effectively upon the enemy's left and rear, essentially weakening his efforts in front. MeClernand's remaining divisions failed to arrive at the front, however, until after the enemy had been driven with heavy loss from the field; Logan's division having penetrated so nearly to the road leading to Vicksburg as to cut off Loring's division fr