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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 1: operations in Virginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. (search)
going on, General G. K. Warren, with the troops sent by Hooker, just mentioned, came to Pleasanton's assistance; and soon afterward Sickles, with his two brigades (Birney's and Whipple's), joined in the contest. At this time Lee was making a vigorous artillery attack upon Hooker's left and center, formed by the corps of Generals Couch and Slocum, but the assailing force, whose heaviest demonstration was against General Hancock's front, was held in check by his skirmish line, under Colonel N. A. Miles. His troops consisted of the Fifty-seventh, Sixty-fourth, and Sixty-sixth New York Volunteers, and detachments of the Fifty-second New York, Second Delaware, and One Hundred and Forty-eighth Pennsylvania. See Hancock's Report. And while Lee was thus failing, a heavier misfortune than he had yet endured befell him, in the paralysis of the right-arm of his power, by the fall of General Jackson. That officer, encouraged by the success of his first blow, was extremely anxious to pres
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 10: the last invasion of Missouri.--events in East Tennessee.--preparations for the advance of the Army of the Potomac. (search)
f the Potomac was reorganized by consolidating and reducing the five army corps to three, named the Second, Fifth, and Sixth. These were respectively, in the order named, placed under the commands of Generals Hancock, Warren, and Sedgwick. Hancock's (Second) corps consisted of four divisions, commanded respectively by Generals F. C. Barlow, J. Gibbon, D. B. Birney. and J. B. Carr. His brigade commanders were Generals A. S. Webb, J. P. Owen, J. H. Ward, A. Hayes, and G. Mott: and Colonels N. A. Miles, T. A. Smythe, R. Frank, J. R. Brooke, S. S. Carroll, and W. R. Brewster. Colonel J. C. Tidball was chief of artillery, and Lieutenant-Colonel C. H. Morgan was chief of staff. Warren's (Fifth) corps consisted of four divisions, commanded respectively by Generals C. Griffin, J. C. Robinson, S. W. Crawford, and J. S. Wadsworth. The brigade commanders were Generals J. Barnes, J. J. Bartlett, R. B. Ayres. H. Baxter, L. Cutler, and J. C. Rice; and Colonels Leonard, Dennison, W. McCandl
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 11: advance of the Army of the Potomac on Richmond. (search)
the ridge in front of it, .with strong intrenchments, growing more formidable every hour. During the day Wilson had penetrated to the village with his cavalry, but, being unsupported, was compelled to retire. On the same day the brigade of General Miles was thrown out by Hancock on the Catharpin road, with a brigade of Gregg's cavalry and a, battery of artillery, to meet any hostile approach from that direction. Near Corbyn's Bridge they were attacked, when the assailants were repulsed and , which was cut in two by bullets alone. Its appearance is given in the annexed engraving. This oak stood inside of the Confederate intrenchments, near Spottsylvania Court-House. It was presented to the Secretary of War by the gallant General N. A. Miles, who commanded a brigade of Barlow's division of the Second Corps, in the battle on the 12th of May. This section of the tree is five feet six inches in height, and twenty-one inches in diameter at the place where it was cut in two. O
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
on the night of the 26th, July, 1864 and on the following morning, while Foster amused the Confederates on their front, Miles's brigade of Barlow's division flanked them, and captured four of their guns. They fell back to a strong position behindthree battle-flags; but the foe soon rallied in heavier force, and drove him back. In the mean time, Gregg, supported by Miles's fighting brigade, of Barlow's division, had been operating on the Charles Defenses of Richmond and Petersburg. on the 25th reported the approach of foes, when to the divisions of Gibbon and Barlow (the latter then in command of General Miles) was assigned the duty of defending the intrenched position. The blow, given as usual by Hill, fell first on Miles, lery fire on the Nationals, and this was followed by a storming force, which, by desperate charges, succeeded in breaking Miles's line, and in capturing the batteries of McKnight, Perrin, and Sleeper. Hancock then ordered Gibbon to retake the works
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 16: career of the Anglo-Confederate pirates.--closing of the Port of Mobile — political affairs. (search)
and restore the hilarity of the members. When not in session, they usually denounce the President; in session, they are wholly subservient to him. The Diarist further recorded, as follows, under date of January 7, 1865:--How insignificant a legislative body becomes when it is not independent. The Confederate States Congress will not live in history, for it never really existed at all, but has always been merely a body of subservient men, registering the decrees of the Executive. Even Mr. Miles, of South Carolina, before introducing a bill, sends it to this department for approval or rejection. --Volume II., page 379. This decision struck down the Constitution, the supposed bulwark of the liberties of the people. There was wide-spread discontent; and when the news came that Mr. Lincoln was re-elected by an unprecedented majority, they lost hope and yearned for peace, rather than for an independence that proved to be less desirable than that which they had enjoyed under the Gover
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
ispatched two divisions of cavalry, under Merritt, to Prince Edward Court-House, to oppose the retreat, of Lee on Danville, and a third division, under Crook, was sent to Farmville, where it crossed with difficulty, the horsemen being compelled to ford the Appomattox. Pushing on toward the left of Humphreys, Crook fell upon a body of Confederate infantry guarding a train and was repulsed with the loss of General Gregg, commanding a brigade, who was captured. Just after the repulse of General Miles, Lee received a note from Grant, dated at Farmville, that morning, in which he said: The result of the last week must convince you of the hopelessness of further resistance on the part of the Army of Northern Virginia in this struggle. I feel that it is so; and regard it as my duty to shift from myself the responsibility of any further effusion of blood by asking of you the surrender of that portion of the Confederate States army known as the Army of Northern Virginia. To this Lee repl
se, skirmish near, 2.406. Hardee, Gen. W. J., at the battle of Shiloh, 2.271. Harding, Col. A. C., his defense of Fort Donelson against Wheeler, 3.116. Harney, Gen. W. S., resumes command of the Department of the West, 1.469; relieved by Lyon, 1.470. Harper's Ferry, rebel movement for the capture of, 1.389; arsenal at burnt by Lieutenant Jones, 1.391; occupation of by insurgent troops, 1.519; capture and abandonment of, 2.138; occupation of by Gen. Banks, 2.368; surrender of by Col. Miles to a force under Jackson, 2.473; reoccupied by Gen. Sumner, 2.483; garrison of withdrawn to Maryland Heights, 3.51; reoccupation of by Gen. French, 3.75. Harris, Gov. I. G., disloyal action of in Tennessee, 1.199; flight of from Nashville, 2.231. Harrisburg, Gen. Banks at, 2.390; approach of Confederate troops to, 3.53. Harrisonburg, skirmish near, 2.395. Harrison's Landing, Army of the Potomac at, 2.435; visit of President Lincoln to, 2.442. Hart, Peter, accompanies Mrs. An
that it was necessary to force the passage of the South-Mountain range and gain possession of Boonsboro and Rohrersville before any relief could be afforded to Harper's Ferry. On the morning of the thirteenth I received a verbal message from Col. Miles, commanding at Harper's Ferry, informing me that on the preceding afternoon the Maryland Heights had been abandoned, after repelling an attack by the rebels, and that the whole force was concentrated at Harper's Ferry, the Maryland, Loudon and Bolivar Heights being all in possession of the enemy. The messenger stated that there was no apparent reason for the abandonment of the Maryland Heights, and that, though Col. Miles asked for assistance, he said he could hold out certainly two days. I directed him to make his way back, if possible, with the information that I was rapidly approaching, and would undoubtedly relieve the place. By three other couriers I sent the same message, with the order to hold out to the last. I do not learn
n. McClellan could relieve him, or open a communication so that he could evacuate it in safety. These views were communicated both to General McClellan and to Colonel Miles. The left of Gen. McClellan's army pursued a part of the enemy's forces to the South-Mountains, where, on the fourteenth, he made a stand. A severe battle On the approach of the enemy to Harper's Ferry, the officer in command on Maryland Heights destroyed his artillery and abandoned his post, and on the fifteenth, Col. Miles surrendered Harper's Ferry, with only a slight resistance, and within hearing of the guns of Gen. McClellan's army. As this whole matter has been investigated and reported upon by a military commission, it is unnecessary for me to discuss the disgraceful surrender of the post and army under Col. Miles's command. General McClellan's preliminary report of his operations in Maryland, including the battles of South-Mountain and Antietam, is submitted herewith, marked Exhibit No. 4. No rep
ock the same evening, General Hancock ordered me to report with my command to Col. Miles, in charge of the picket-line, which I immediately did, marching the regiment should not be tarnished by any act of his. About ten o'clock, the gallant Col. Miles, commanding the pickets, was shot in the breast by one of the enemy's sharp-sck P. M. the same day, when I was ordered to take command of the regiment, Col. N. A. Miles being detailed as general officer of the day, and in command of the line omy's infantry, but were soon repulsed by time skill and tact of our Colonel, N. A. Miles, who was in command of said pickets. In the afternoon, while an engagement ithout any damage to our number. About six o'clock P. M., I was requested by Col. Miles to throw out a line of pickets from my regiment long enough to cover its enti wounded by the enemy's artillery. On the morning of the third our Colonel, N. A. Miles, was severely wounded by a sharp-shooter of the enemy while in command of th
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