of all the armies, with a view to ending the war in the early spring.
Sheridan was to move down the valley of Virginia for the purpose of destroying the railroads, the James River Canal, and the factories in that section of country used for the production of munitions of war. Stoneman was to start upon a raid from east Tennessee with 4000 men, with a view to breaking up the enemy's communications in that direction.
Canby, who was in command at New Orleans, was to advance against Mobile, Montgomery, and Selma.
In the movement on Mobile, Canby had at least 45,000 men. Thomas was to send a large body of cavalry under Wilson into Alabama.
The movements of our forces in the West were intended not only to destroy communications, but to keep the Confederate troops there from being sent East to operate against Sherman.
Sherman was to march to Columbia, South Carolina, thence to Fayetteville, North Carolina, and afterward in the direction of Goldsborough.
Schofield was to be transferre
General Grant's departure, and finding him bent upon continuing the denunciation of Sherman before the public, I started for North Carolina to meet General Grant and inform him of the situation in Washington.
I passed him, however, on the way, and at once returned and rejoined him at Washington.
Hostilities were now brought rapidly to a close throughout the entire theater of war. April 11, Canby compelled the evacuation of Mobile.
By the 21st our troops had taken Selma, Tuscaloosa, Montgomery, West Point, Columbus, and Macon.
May 4, Richard Taylor surrendered the Confederate forces east of the Mississippi.
May 10, Jefferson Davis was captured; and on the 26th Kirby Smith surrendered his command west of the Mississippi.
Since April 8, 1680 cannon had been captured, and 174,223 Confederate soldiers had been paroled.
There was no longer a rebel in arms, the Union cause had triumphed, slavery was abolished, and the National Government was again supreme.
The Army of the Poto