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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 118 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 20 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: May 16, 1862., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carey, Matthew 1760-1839 (search)
Ireland in the course of a year, where, in 1783, he edited the Freeman's journal, and established the Volunteer's journal. Because of a violent attack on Parliament, he was confined in Newgate Prison; and after his release he sailed for the United States, arriving in Philadelphia, Nov. 15, 1784. There he started the Pennsylvania Herald, the first newspaper in the country that gave accurate reports of legislative proceedings. He was always aggressive with his pen. He fought a duel with Colonel Oswald, editor of a rival newspaper. He married in 1791, and began business as a bookseller. He was active in works of benevolence during the prevalence of yellow fever in Philadelphia, and wrote and published a history of that epidemic. He was an associate of Bishop White and others in the formation of the first American Sunday-school society. While the War of 1812-15 was kindling he wrote much on political subjects, and in 1814 his Olive branch appeared, in which he attempted to harmoni
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cornwallis, Lord Charles 1738-1805 (search)
ed British rights and was just. Good God! exclaimed Burke, are we yet to be told of the rights for which we went to war? O excellent rights! O valuable rights! Valuable you should be, for we have paid dear in parting with you. O valuable rights! that have cost Britain thirteen provinces, four islands, 100,000 men, and more than £ 70,000,000 ($350,000,000) of money. At the beginning of March Conway's proposition was adopted. Lord North, who, under the inspiration of the King, had misled the nation for twelve years, was relieved from office, and he and his fellow-ministers were succeeded by friends of peace. The King stormed, but was compelled to yield. Parliament resolved to end the war, and the King acquiesced with reluctance. Early in May (1782) Sir Guy Carleton arrived in New York, bearing propositions to Congress for reconciliation, and Richard Oswald, a London merchant, was sent to Paris as a diplomatic agent to confer with Franklin on the subject of a treaty of peace.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Danbury, destruction of. (search)
Wooster, Arnold, and Silliman. A sharp skirmish ensued, in which Wooster was killed, and Arnold had a narrow escape from capture, after his horse had been shot under him. For his gallantry on that occasion the Congress presented him with a horse richly caparisoned. Tryon spent the night in the neighborhood for his troops to rest, and early the next morning he hurried to his ships, terribly smitten on the way by the gathering militia, and at the landing by cannon-shot directed by Lieutenant-Colonel Oswald. They escaped capture only through the gallant services of some marines led by General Erskine. About sunset the fleet departed, the British having lost about 300 men, including prisoners, during the invasion. The Americans lost about 100 men. The private losses of property at Danbury amounted to about $80,000. Danbury is now a city widely known for its extensive manufactures of hats, and has an assessed property valuation exceeding $11,500,000. The population in 1890 was 16,552
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monmouth, battle of (search)
ir, I desire to know what is the reason and whence comes this disorder and confusion? Lee replied sharply, You know the attack was contrary to my advice and opinion. The chief replied in a tone that indicated the depth of his indignation, You should not have undertaken the command unless you intended to carry it out. There was no time for altercation, and, wheeling his horse, he hastened to Ramsay and Stewart, in the rear, and soon rallied a greater portion of their regiments, and ordered Oswald to take post on an eminence near, with two guns. These pieces, skilfully handled, soon checked the enemy. Washington's presence inspired the troops with courage, and ten minutes after he appeared the retreat was ended. The troops, lately a fugitive mob, were soon in orderly battle array on an eminence on which Gen. Lord Stirling placed some batteries. The line, then, was commanded on the right by General Greene, and on the left by Stirling. The two armies now confronted each other. T
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
the Tower of LondonDec. 31, 1781 Holland recognizes the independence of United States April 19, 1782 Sir Guy Carleton, appointed to succeed Clinton, lands in New York May 5, 1782 Orders received by Sir James Wright at Savannah for the evacuation of the province June 14, 1782 Savannah, Ga., evacuated by the British July 11, 1782 Treaty of amity and commerce concluded by Mr. Adams, on part of the United States, with HollandOct. 8, 1782 Preliminary articles of peace signed at Paris by Richard Oswald for Great Britain, and by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens for the United StatesNov. 30, 1782 British evacuate Charleston, S. C.Dec. 14, 1782 French army embarks from Boston for San Domingo, having been in the United States two years five months and fourteen days Dec. 24, 1782 Sweden recognizes independence of United States Feb. 5, 1783 Denmark recognizes independence of United States Feb. 25, 1783 Congress being unable to pay either officers or men of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties, Anglo-American (search)
Treaties, Anglo-American In the spring of 1782, Richard Oswald was sent by the British ministry to Paris, to confer with Dr. Franklin on the subject of peace. His mission was initiatory in character. In July following Oswald was vested with full power to negotiate a treaty of peace, and in September the United States appointed four commissioners, representing the various sections of the Uniand Henry Laurens, of South Carolina. These were all in Europe at the time. Dr. Franklin and Mr. Oswald had already prepared the way for harmonious negotiations. Franklin had assured Oswald that inOswald that independence, satisfactory boundaries, and a participation in the fisheries would be indisputable requisites in a treaty. In July, Parliament had passed a bill to enable the King to acknowledge the inParis, and on Nov. 30, 1782, a preliminary treaty of peace was signed by the commissioners and Mr. Oswald, without the knowledge of the French government. This was a violation of the treaty of allian
, and of every member of the British commission; beside a profusion of the private letters and papers of Shelburne and of Oswald. I have also the private papers, as well as the official ones, of Strachey; and the courtesy of the present head of the in initiating and forwarding the negotiation for peace is illustrated, not from his own letters alone, but from those of Oswald and others. In England it was never misapprehended. It is worth noticing that, though the negotiators on each side recihe American government did not catch a glimpse of this evidence till a treaty of compromise was ratified, and the map of Oswald was not produced till the British ministry that made the compromise had to defend it in parliament. It appears further torted by Jay, who had in congress steadily voted against making the demand. The requirement of the change in the form of Oswald's commission, so grateful to the self-respect of America, is due exclusively to Jay. It is good to look away from the
earned of him the powers of the American commissioners, before evening he selected for his diplomatic agent with them Richard Oswald of Scotland. The king, moved by the acceptable part which Shelburne had acted in the whole negotiation for forming this purpose of total silence, and gave his approval, alike to the attempt to sound Mr. Franklin, and to the employment of Oswald, who had passed many years in America, understood it well, on questions of commerce agreed with Adam Smith, and engaged in, as far as is compatible with your situation. Your letter, discovering the same disposition, has made me send to you Mr. Oswald. I have had a longer acquaintance with him than even with you. believe him an honorable man, and, after consulting Clicity and good faith which subsisted between us in transactions of less importance. Shelburne. With this credential, Oswald repaired to Paris by way of Ostend. Laurens, proceeding to the Hague, found Adams engrossed with the question of his rec
lso intended to treat with France; and, though Oswald desired to keep aloof from European affairs, hnel of communication between us than that of Mr. Oswald, which I think your lordship has chosen withs word with mankind. With these instructions, Oswald returned immediately to Paris, bearing from Shrecommending himself as an able negotiator; in Oswald, a man who free from interested motives earnesation, prudent counsels, and sound judgment of Oswald might contribute much not only to the speedy c seconded by Vergennes, thought it best to let Oswald remain at Paris, saying that his correspondenc marks of coming from a man of sense. While Oswald came to London to make his second report, newsat New York, and formed the rule of action for Oswald on his return, with renewed authority, to Pariionate and altogether groundless complaints of Oswald. He would have Fox not lose one moment to fighe passing of the enabling act, the powers for Oswald as a negotiator of peace with the United State[2 more...]
liberty of action, wrote these instructions to Oswald: I hope to receive early assurances from you tt his own invitation, he had an interview with Oswald, and proposed to him the American conditions os conduct and example; to which end he read to Oswald the orders of the British in Carolina for confs. While the commission and instructions of Oswald were preparing, Shelburne, who best understood On the twenty-seventh, Shelburne replied to Oswald: 27. Your several letters give me the greatesed upon reasonable terms. The commission to Oswald, which followed in a few days, conformed to th to too general mistrust. The commission to Oswald spoke of the colonies and plantations of New Htts, and the rest, naming them one by one; and Oswald was authorized to treat with the American commneral peace, urged upon Jay that the powers of Oswald were sufficient, saying: This acceptance of yoadvice brought upon him the suspicions of Jay. Oswald Sept. 1. not only communicated a copy of his [3 more...]
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