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8, prohibit immigration and the importation of slaves into the country. A prohibitory law was passed by Congress in 1818, but it was to a very great degree evaded or violated in most of the cotton States for many years, without any proceedings being instituted for such violations. The repugnance of many good citizens to the institution was shown in all the States by wills made to free slaves, or by manumission during their lives. Washington, John Randolph, of Roanoke, Virginia, and John G. Palfrey, of Louisiana, are notable examples of the surrender of large property in slaves under the impulse of such sentiments. There were also colonization societies formed for the purpose of exporting the negroes to Africa, and the colony of Liberia was established to receive them. Of course colonization did not weaken the institution, for in every slave State more slaves were born in a week than the colonization societies could have exported to Africa in a year even if they could have got t
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 8: from Hatteras to New Orleans. (search)
ruce was sent down to communicate with the enemy below and to carry a written offer of surrender under the terms offered on the 26th instant. Thus it appears that the besieged were obliged to send a flag of truce down to Porter to get him to come up and take the surrender. As to the condition of the forts because of the bombardment, we have the testimony of Lieutenant Weitzel, who was sent to make an official report for the purpose of putting them in repair; we have the report of Captain Palfrey, assistant engineer, who was in charge of the repairs; of Colonel Hazeltine, and of General Dow, who certifies that the worst thing that had happened to the forts was the extreme slovenliness by which they had been occupied by the enemy. While they were making terms for capitulation in the cabin of Porter's vessel, the naval officer in charge of the rebel ram Louisiana let her loose and set her on fire, and she floated down and blew up quite near the Harriet Lane. This was the ram
. Ould, Robert, Confederate agent for exchange of prisoners, 542, 584, 586; conference with and report, 588, 592; letter demonstrating right to enlist negroes, 599, 605; references, 606-607, argument of, 752. P Paine, Hon. Henry W., arbitrator in the Farragut prize case, 1011. Paine, General, reference to, 726; in Roanoke expedition, 781. Palmer, Brigadier-General, repulses attack of Confederates at Beaufort, N. C., 618. Palmerston, Lord, denounces woman order, 420. Palfrey, Captain, reports on Fort Jackson and St. Philip, 369. Parallel, schooner, cargo of gunpowder explodes in Golden Gate, 776. Paris, Tenn., reference to, 874. Parker, Commodore, succeeds Smith in command on James River, 750; the opening of Dutch Gap Canal, 751; runs from Confederate gunboats, 751; court-martialed, 752. Parson, Lieutenant, in Roanoke Expedition, 781. Parton, Jas., 985. Paterson, Rev. Robert B., president Waterville College, 69. Patterson, General, at Harper's Fe
f November, 1845, a large meeting was held in Faneuil Hall in Boston, at which resolutions drawn up by Mr. Sumner were presented, setting forth that the annexation of Texas was sought for the purpose of increasing the market in human flesh, of extending and perpetuating slavery, and of securing political power, and in the name of God, of Christ, and of humanity, protesting against its admission as a slave State. These resolutions were eloquently and earnestly supported by Mr. Sumner, Mr. John G. Palfrey, Mr. Wendell Phillips, Mr. W. L. Garrison, and other Able advocates of freedom. During his remarks Mr. Sumner eloquently exclaimed:-- God forbid that the votes and voices of the freemen of the North should help to bind anew the fetter of the slave! God forbid that the lash of the slave-dealer should be nerved by any sanction from New England! God forbid that the blood which spurts from the lacerated, quivering flesh of the slave should soil the hem of the white garments of Ma
n, Manuel Emilio, Henry W. Holland, Miss Halliburton, Frederick Tudor, Samuel Johnson, Mary E. Stearns, Mrs. William J. Loring, Mrs. Governor Andrew, Mrs. Robert C. Waterston, Wright & Potter, James B. Dow, William Cumston, John A. Higginson, Peter Smith, Theodore Otis, Avery Plummer, James Savage, Samuel May, Mrs. Samuel May, Josiah Quincy, William Claflin, Mrs. Harrison Gray Otis, George Bemis, Edward Atkinson, Professor Agassiz, John G. Palfrey, besides several societies and fraternities. Most of the papers connected with the labors of the committee were destroyed in the great Boston fire, so that it is difficult now to set forth properly in greater detail the work accomplished. In the proclamation of outlawry issued by Jefferson Davis, Dec. 23, 1862, against Major-General Butler, was the following clause:— Third. That all negro slaves captured in arms be at once delivered over to the executive authorities of the r
1, 304, 305, 310, 311. Olustee Station, Fla., 157, 159, 160, 171, 172. Orangeburg, S. C., 275. Order of Q. A. Gillmore, 126. Order of Abraham Lincoln, 96. Order of Truman Seymour, 156, 182. Order of Edwin M. Stanton, 2. Order of Alfred H. Terry, 117. Osborn, Francis A., 115. Otis, Mrs., Harrison Gray, 16. Otis, Theodore, 16. Ottawa, gunboat, 151, 177. Owen, Robert Dale, 23. Owendaw, Creek, S. C., 275. Ox Swamp, S. C., 293. Oyster Point, S. C., 132. P. Palfrey, J. G., 16. Palmer, Ishmael, 168. Palmer, Joseph A., 204. Palmetto State, Confederate ironclad, 281. Parker's, S. C., 209. Parker's Ferry, S. C., 277. Partridge, David A., 20, 106, 114, 149, 183. Paul Jones, gunboat, 41. Pawnee, gunboat, 52, 54, 56, 59, 60, 100, 177, 209, 237. Pawnee Landing, S. C., 67, 186. Pay of Chaplain, 150. Pay of Fifty-Fourth, 47, 48, 109, 130, 135, 142, 179, 180, 181, 190, 191, 220, 227, 228, 238, 288, 312. Payne, Lewis S., 109. Payne's Dock, 10
e war. This meeting spoke the sentiments of the conservative citizens, who regarded war and disunion as evils greater than the existence of slavery, or even of its further extension; and yet they were anti-slavery men, and regarded slavery as a great moral and political wrong, and would gladly have seen it abolished. A few days later, on the 11th of February, a great meeting was held in Cambridge. The City Hall was crowded. The meeting was called without distinction of party. Hon. John G. Palfrey spoke briefly. He said, South Carolina has marshalled herself into revolution; and six States have followed her, and abandoned our Government. Richard H. Dana, Jr., Esq., made the speech of the occasion. He said the South was in a state of mutiny; he was against John-Brown raids, and uncompromisingly for the Union. He was opposed to the Crittenden compromise, and held to the faith of Massachusetts. This meeting uttered the sentiments of the majority of the State, and was designe
es of the tree, Washington first took command of the American army, in 1775, which was drawn up in line on the Common in front. On this historic spot, on the same day that Mr. Everett and Mr. Hallett spoke in Chester Square, the people of Cambridge held a meeting. John Sargent, the mayor of the city, presided. Among the vice-presidents were Jared Sparks, Henry W. Longfellow, Joel Parker, Emory Washburn, Isaac Livermore, and Theophilus Parsons. A preamble and resolutions were read by John G. Palfrey. One of the resolutions was in these words:— Resolved by us, citizens of Cambridge, convened under the shadow of the Washington Elm, that animated, we trust, by the spirit of him who, in the clouded dawn of the Revolution which created our nation, drew his sacred sword on this memorable spot, we desire to consecrate ourselves to the services of freedom and our country. The meeting was addressed by John C. Park, ex-Governor Banks, George S. Hillard, and Thomas H. Russell in sp
commanded a company in the Eighth Regiment in the three months service, was commissioned lieutenant-colonel; and Major Henry J. How, of Haverhill, a graduate of Harvard College, class of 1859, who was killed in battle June 30, 1862, was commissioned major. The Twentieth Regiment was recruited at Camp Massasoit, Readville, and left the State for Washington on the 4th of September, 1861. William Raymond Lee, of Roxbury, a graduate of West Point; Francis W. Palfrey, of Boston, son of Hon. John G. Palfrey; and Paul J. Revere, of Boston,—were chiefly instrumental in raising the regiment: and they were commissioned, severally, colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and major. The roster of this regiment contains the names most distinguished in the history of Massachusetts. The Twentieth bore a prominent part in the disastrous Battle of Ball's Bluff, Oct. 21, 1861. Many of the officers were killed and wounded. Colonel Lee, Major Revere, and Adjutant Charles L. Peirson, of Salem, were taken pris
am told, would enlist, if this opportunity were given. He also telegraphed to the Secretary of War, asking that Lieutenant Palfrey, of the regular army, stationed at Fortress Monroe, and Lieutenant Paine, of the regular army, stationed at Fort Scngaged in it. They behaved with great gallantry, and suffered severely, especially the Twentieth. On the 25th, Lieutenant-Colonel Palfrey telegraphed, Colonel Lee, Major Revere, Adjutant Peirson, Dr. Revere, and Lieutenant Perry, prisoners; Lieutenarliest clergymen of Salem, whose ghost must be astonished at the strange incongruity. On the same day, he writes to Colonel Palfrey, of the Twentieth, Please write to me at once the facts concerning the young man now under arrest for sleeping on hirs should be employed to catch and return fugitive slaves, sorely vexed the Governor, who immediately wrote to Lieutenant-Colonel Palfrey against Massachusetts men being employed in such duty. He also wrote a long letter to Secretary Cameron, prote
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